Bird's wings, if hung up with gold and medals, how to fly? The prevailing culture of relations in Chinese society places too much emphasis on the evaluation of others and makes it easy for everyone to fall into the trap of being mentally minded and difficult to create the maverick and laughetist spirit of individualism needed for innovation. In addition to the relational culture, the power culture and the worldly culture are also the reasons why Chinese people can not innovate.
The end of 2008, "cottage" the meaning of vague and ambiguous vocabulary suddenly popular. Cottage phone, cottage notebook, cottage network drama ... ... For a time, Shenzhou everywhere "cottage." Independent innovation from October 2005 to become a national strategy to the popular "cottage" in Chinese business circles in 2008 is a symbolic portrayal of the difficult innovation of Chinese enterprises.
Why Chinese people do not innovate? How to get out of a road of independent innovation? This is more than a technical issue. Without a noble personality, there can be no outstanding experts; without a broad humanistic horizon of history, culture and thought, it is impossible to technically riddle the wheel. I summarize the main factors that hinder innovation in Chinese culture in three aspects: the power culture, the relation culture and the world culture.
Innovation obstacle one: power culture
Power culture from different angles can also be called the official standard culture, the level of culture, face culture, authoritarian culture, slave culture.
It is quite natural that there should be some official standard culture in the field of public administration. However, the problem is complicated if the original culture of official standard is moved to academia. As long as the government officials and students are big and big, they simply do not care much about learning. The result is that resource allocation concentrates on various "academics" that do not directly create value in the academic system. Waste of resources is a trivial matter, the key is its wrong guiding role: everyone's wisdom and talent are all used to compete how to become an academic officer.
An official from the Guangdong Provincial Department of Education disclosed at a meeting of the Guangdong Provincial Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference that as many as 40 professors came to the post of director of a department in Shenzhen, there was a big stir among the media after the media disclosed it. Since the title of professor, but never devalued to this extent.
The fundamental reason for the proliferation of official standards is that educational, academic and scientific institutions have lost their independence and become vassals of power. On the one hand, this official standard will distort the orientation of internal resource allocation and, on the other hand, distort the flow of resources to the entire society.
Education, scientific research and other industries are essentially non-profit social undertakings. They should be accountable to those who donate or hold the undertaking or donors, and should not be accountable to the public authorities as the public service agencies do. However, logically, there are so many detours and detours that there is a natural choice not dependent on power, but what is even more frightening is the power of such power or monopoly. All kinds of administrative control are completely blocked off by relying on social forces, Civilian power to develop independent education and research space, as long as you enter the industry, you do not have to depend on attachment. Everyone wants their children to be good at school and to have a good library, regardless of the size of their economy. However, this system now largely eliminates the enthusiasm of civilians in holding these social undertakings.
It is never easy for entrepreneurs in China to earn money. It is even harder for a conscientious entrepreneur to earn money. If one understands the nature of this "fattening" system, it is hard to imagine that unless they are fortune-wishing Hand over the money to a system like this. Therefore, the choice of many entrepreneurs is to seize the opportunity to move on; on the other hand, it is better to donate money to the relevant agencies abroad than to the domestic institutions.
For partial research and development work, the official standard is the same foe. Prior to the founding of Lenovo, Liu Chuanzhi made a study of magnetic recording circuits for 13 years at the Academy of Sciences. The reason for starting a business is, in his own words, "Biequ". A R & D staff working for a multinational power company said with emotion: How much work for foreigners, how much to live in, how much to earn, and what to expect from an official. Have the ability to treat you come naturally. However, in those state-run scientific research institutes, only running administration is king. This is actually the crux of China's high-tech development.
Innovation barrier two: the relationship between culture
The second obstacle to Chinese business innovation is the relationship culture. Relationship culture is to coordinate the relationship between inside and outside, far and near, also known as the circle of culture. If grade culture is the first key to understanding China, relational culture is the second key to understanding Chinese culture. These "relations" are no more than kinship (relatives), geography (fellow township), learning edge (classmate), karma edge (colleague) relations. Some of these relationships are the result of proactive choices, others are the result of passive decisions, but they are generally established through longer periods of interaction and mutual understanding.
Compared with the individualistic culture, the characteristics of the relationship culture are: 1. upholding the concept of self-dependence; 2. the individual is the means to achieve collective goals; 3. pay attention to external norms of behavior rather than the intrinsic values; 4. pay attention to the harmonious relationship Not the task to complete.
Compared with the group collectivism in Japan and South Korea, relational collectivism is a collection of individuals who have various one-to-one relationships with themselves and not groups, groups or organizations based on other principles such as family, company, club Wait. Therefore, looking at yourself as a man, the Chinese are the result of your relationship with one single person, but the Japanese and South Koreans are largely due to whether you belong to a larger group like them.
In a typical relational culture, a person's network of relationships defines the person's ego, marks the person's social status, and determines the resources that this individual can mobilize. Make money by the relationship network, entertainment, relax by the relationship network, help the crisis or rely on the network. The relationship network determines a person's state of existence, life and even life. People are surrounded by the relationship, winding, except for a few because of religious or personal reasons for life on the choice of self-exile, few give yourself a more abundant space situation. In turn, leaving the network, people in a relational culture are often very difficult to adapt.
And, compared with collectivistic collectivism, individuals in a relational culture tend to be more likely to lose self-identification and self-targeting after leaving a concrete network because they do not have asylum to abstract organizational identities.
Compared with Westerners, our nation, which focuses on the relationship between people, is really a little too bustling. The first-class universities in the West are often located in remote villages where the birds are not born. The Chinese universities are almost certain to be put into small places and rivers.
Most people who travel to the West tend to envy their common people's living conditions - blue sky trees and pastoral idyllic flavors, but there is no problem with short-term travel there. They really want to stay for a few weeks, even without language and social problems , I am afraid that soon began to miss the days of domestic night music. China's big cities are not without satellite city planning, but in the end still in the Fourth Ring Road, Fifth Ring Road pie, in fact, with the cultural characteristics of Chinese people.
Innovation is essentially a kind of individual behavior, a state of exploration immersed in the awe, love and obsession with objective laws, a state of mind and materialism, and the two that I forget. Therefore, innovation is not simply a show-off, a struggle to be a "human beings," because true innovators in fact do not really care about the appraisal of their behavior by others, whether negative criticism or positive flowers and applause. Bird's wings, if hung up with gold and medals, how to fly? The collectivist culture including the relational culture is too much to emphasize others' self-evaluation, including its desire for positive evaluation and its fear of negative evaluation. It is easy for everyone to fall into the trap of being mentally minded and difficult to generate the maverick needed for innovation. , Laugh at people's individualism.
Innovation is actually a low-social, non-social behavior. Therefore, it is necessary for society to strive to create a relatively simple environment, give them certain scientific research resources and eliminate all kinds of external interferences over a long period of time. Moreover, the more basic scientific research, the more needs of this non-social institutional environment protection. In English, there are words that describe various geniuses of technology, such as jeek, nerd, and knowbie. The whole society knows the value of such people and protects them through various system designs to create an environment that enables them to exert their strengths. The relationship culture is essentially a highly socialized institutional environment, need a strong social character to survive in it. In this respect, it is impossible for the average technical person to be the opponent of the sleek, dull learned scholars.
Innovation barriers three: worldly culture
Power culture and relationship culture, one is the temple, one is the arena. Temple is a legalized arena, arena has not yet achieved a legal status of the temple. They complement each other and form the poles and poles of Chinese society and Chinese culture. A more innovative obstacle than power culture and relation culture is that Chinese culture pays attention to the present world, focusing on utilitarianism, materialism, lack of transcendence, and lack of adherence to the principle of abstraction. It lacks the tendency of drawing on the value of life from abiding by abstract principles.
The childhood of human culture is not from the beginning of Wu culture, from Confucius's "unknown life, to know death", to Lao Tzu's "mysterious and profound, the door of all the wonderful", Chinese culture in the world, secularization, disenchantment go In front of other cultures in the world. Western culture from the Greek culture to the Roman culture, but also very secular side, but the Greek and Western cultures in the binary opposition, the exclusion of two points of thinking, the other side of the thought has been set aside for later divine power of Christianity. After the religious reform in the 16th century, the West formed the so-called "asceticism for membership of the WTO" represented by the Protestant ethic. In addition to joining the WTO and pursuing worldly successes, and succeeding in the world, secular success is only a measure of religious salvation and proving the grace of God. According to Weber, this "asceticism" is an important factor in the formation of capitalism.
If the culture of power is to deal with the boss, the relationship culture is to deal with friends, the birth culture seems to deal with God and deal with God, the purpose is to explore the essence of life, meaning and value, the essence of dealing with the self. In retrospect, they themselves talk to themselves and seek for one: "the power of the powerless, the wealth of the proletariat, the homeland of the homeless," a state of clarity and transparency. This metaphysical spirit of inquiry is the common spiritual core of literature, art, science, and even lone losers who reach the highest levels of every career. Under the influence of our worldly culture, most people simply do not realize the spiritual existence.
The supreme realm of business and management also needs such a metaphysical spirit of "self-realization and the pursuit of selflessness" (Li Ka-shing), challenging ourselves to prove the value of life. However, since ancient times, "the articles hate Tathagata," "the rich go into paradise. It is harder than a camel to make ends meet." Because the business community is too close to its wealth and reputation, it is too tempting to be tempted. Keeping a clear head, honoring yourself in the work, practicing in the most vulgar positions, and elevating the realm of self is something that only a handful of people can do. Of course, in these years, the prevalence of Guoxue and Guoxue masters shows that at least we have understood that the extravagance and lust, the beauty and the beauty, are overwhelmed by these external things and do not bring the value of life and inner satisfaction to people. Sometimes the problems brought by affluence are no less than the ones brought about by poverty and the solution to these problems still needs a higher level of wisdom.
The lack of transcendence, self-examination and reflection in Chinese culture is a lack of self-expression awareness of the average Chinese. In contrast to this, there is a strong sense of self-awareness in Western culture. The literature on self-awareness in Western psychology is full of history, just turning on an English dictionary can find a long list of words beginning with "self-". The typical Chinese, because of our educational methods and cultural background, encountered anything. The first is to look at others' opinions and not accustomed to making their own independent judgments based on their own values and principles. Therefore, how many Chinese live their lives, in fact, are for others, for others to live.
Break through the road of innovation
Chinese enterprises, breakthroughs in the innovation of Chinese culture, you can use nine words summarized - "not only on, not only people, only me."
"Not the only way" is to break the stereotype of power culture, return education to educators, return science to scientists, and bring innovation back to innovators. At the enterprise level, it is important to work hard to build a culture of equality, tolerance and trust and to allow researchers to fully exploit their potential.
"Not only people" is to strive to create an environment of low social, high degree of freedom and high tolerance, to create a full, secure personal space, private space, to promote individualistic values that maverick, go their own way, thus Really flourishing, a hundred schools of thought. At the enterprise level, it is of the utmost importance that the excess returns to innovators and risk-takers be ensured through venture capital mechanisms (SMEs) and performance appraisal mechanisms (large enterprises).
"Only me" and "only me" are not arrogant, self-centered and egoistic, but are committed to the principles, bottom lines and beliefs of our hearts. The extent of perseverance determines the level of self-achievement, self-penetration and self-actualization. At the enterprise level, it is trying to link the fate of enterprises with the destiny of the country, linking the corporate culture with the cultural traditions of the entire country and nation, and enabling employees to feel in the corporate culture the breakthroughs brought by the country in cultural breakthroughs and cultural renaissance That kind of deep, lasting sense of accomplishment.
We are skeptical, we criticize, we do not cooperate, we can happily change this system, and we are the system.If it takes 100 years , We will spend 100 years, and if we need 1000 years, we will spend 1,000 years. "