Comparison between China and foreign countries: three characteristics of domestic cloud computing platform

Source: Internet
Author: User
Keywords Cloud computing domestic cloud computing platform
Tags .mall advanced ali cloud aliyun application application software applications business

Cloud computing is the continuous development of user needs of the service model of natural generation, but also the beneficial support of green it. The development of cloud computing and the big explosion of data have the inevitable connection, the arrival of large data age makes the enterprise demand for it facilities increased, at the same time for the enterprise IT facilities procurement costs and ecological environment put forward higher requirements.

Cloud computing broadly refers to the delivery and usage patterns of IT infrastructure, where users get the resources they need through the network on an as-needed and scalable basis. This service can be it and software, Internet-related, but also other services. It means that computing power can also be used as a commodity to circulate through the Internet. The concept of cloud computing is to allow users to use on demand, saving the cost of the enterprise's IT procurement.

The service pattern provided by the cloud computing platform has not changed

With the development of the domestic cloud computing platform, there is no difference between the service mode and the foreign cloud Platform. Cloud computing can be considered to include services such as infrastructure, Services (IaaS), Platform as services (PaaS) and software as services (SaaS). In the domestic cloud platform, the Sina SAE has completely done to these three levels of coverage, can be said in the domestic or leading. Baidu Cloud Platform has also been involved in these three levels of service. Huawei Cloud is still in beta, but the determination to force cloud computing is already clear, providing users with one-stop service. Aliyun and Shanda also made great strides in IaaS and PAAs, gaining the recognition of users.

Comparison of mainstream cloud computing platforms at home and abroad:

Cloud computing service providers are divided into three main categories:

1, traditional IT vendors:

1, IBM "Blue Cloud Plan" and "Smart City": IBM as the IT industry leader, with strong technical research and development strength and a wide range of customer base, can provide customers from the bottom of the server, storage, switches to wait until application layer application software of the overall cloud computing program. The software includes applications such as Lotus Domino, Tivoli storage,db2, and, in addition, the release of the "Smart Data Center" strategy, IBM's experience in managing and operating more than 100 large data centers worldwide, further consolidating IBM's position as the industry leader.

2, HP Cloud computing: After more than a year of HP's strategic planning, cloud computing strategy gradually clear. HP has a wealth of infrastructure integration cases and experience, through the integration of upstream and downstream industry chain, to provide customers with "one-stop" cloud services. HP's strengths lie in resource integration capabilities, a broad customer base, and a complete product line. HP also highlighted three locations: "Openness, interconnection and software strategy".

3), wave: Wave is an up-and-comer, relying on the background of state-owned enterprises, and now cloud computing to the government-led, wave cloud computing is the bright spot is the wave has a relatively complete software hardware industry chain, the integration of the IT industry chain has a greater advantage, cloud computing is quite to the government as a project

4, Pao: PO Tak has 15 server, storage research and development sales experience, IAAS architecture has a greater advantage. The biggest advantage of Pao cloud computing is that it already has real projects on the ground (open game cloud).

2, Internet provider Transformation Cloud computing services provider:

1, Amazon: Amazon is the first Internet cloud computing provider, is currently the largest public cloud service provider. Amazon is the largest online retailer on the internet, but it also provides a platform for independent developers and developers to provide cloud computing services. Amazon is calling their cloud computing platform the flexible Computing cloud (elastic Compute cloud,ec2), the first company to provide remote cloud computing platform services

2, Google:google is the world's largest search engine service provider, has a huge customer base and mature technology research and development strength. Google is a world of cloud computing, and Google App Engine is a platform for Google's Google data Center's development, hosted web apps that support Java and Python languages. Google Cloud Storage is another enterprise-class cloud service similar to Amazon S3. Today, Google has launched its own cloud storage Google Drive.

3, Ali Yun: 2009 China million network was acquired by Alibaba, China million network began operating Aliyun, from the customer domain name registration, website construction, space leasing to cloud host, Cloud mailbox and private cloud, Aliyun for small and medium-sized enterprises to provide one-stop Internet services, as of 2011, More than 300,000 small and medium-sized enterprises use Aliyun, which is a successful case of domestic public cloud.

4, Baidu Cloud mainly for developers to provide services, including the API Open and development engine, mobile application development and testing, as well as personal cloud storage.

5, Sheng mainly provide: cloud host and cloud hard disk, data cloud distribution and cloud storage, data backup and recovery services, build station cloud, database cloud and cloud monitoring.

6, the Sina SAE mainly provides: cloud storage class services, cloud computing services and other functional services. For example, the AppConfig service is a custom configuration for a Web server that SAE provides to developers. It also provides extended services such as SMS and geographic information. In fact, is a multi-node virtual host, similar to the cloud host, but the SAE node than the general cloud host more.

7, Huawei Cloud+ Cloud services are divided into four components: Huawei (Mobile application store), cloud+ network disk, full backup, security defender. Mainly for terminal equipment services.

3, software manufacturers:

1, Microsoft: Microsoft is the world's largest OS and application software provider, although Microsoft intervention in this area is relatively late, but in the enterprise-class cloud services, its cloud services service Azure for thousands of Windows platform developers to provide support. At the same time starting to dabble in non-Windows platforms, hoping to compete with Amazon, there are rumors that Azure will soon support Linux. In addition to Azure, Microsoft also has consumer-focused cloud services such as cloud storage SkyDrive and cloud Office software suite Office 365.

2, Vmvare:vmvare is the world's largest virtualization software provider, and virtualization technology is one of the most critical technologies for cloud computing, VMware does not provide cloud services, but its vcloud specifically for enterprises and service providers to design a set of common cloud computing services, It supports all applications or operating systems, and is able to select the running location (internal or external) of the application. Verizon is one of the more than 100 cloud services currently built through Vcloud

3, Salesforce:salesforce is the global on-demand CRM solution leader, through the acquisition of 212 million U.S. dollars cloud computing start-up company Heroku, Salesforce in the field of cloud computing advantage

4), Citrix:citrix is another application service software solution Provider, 1 years ago, with more than 200 million U.S. dollars acquisition of start-up companies, quickly into the cloud computing field. Because it is free, its Cloudstack platform has become a formidable competitor to VMware's Vcloud platform

Cloud computing platform at home and abroad in the eyes of manufacturers and users

China's internet has also been developed for more than 10 years, many users have their services deployed on the domestic platform, with the advent of cloud computing, many users want to build services such as Sina and Alibaba platform.

For the difference in the development of cloud computing at home and abroad, as well as the current situation of cloud computing development at home and abroad, Duhai, deputy director of Sheng Elastic Computing Department, gave a simple explanation, and he thought the difference was mainly in two aspects: 1, the maturity of cloud computing market at home and abroad is different; Users have different perceptions and uses of cloud computing and cloud products.

Conglei, the chief architect of cloud computing at home and abroad, thinks that the development model of cloud computing is very similar, from the exploration to the final maturity. Conglei The development of cloud computing into the primary, intermediate and advanced stages. The current foreign IaaS platform is more mature, the cloud platform has entered the right track, and is in the front of commercialization, it should be said to belong to the medium-term stage. Foreign entrepreneurs start with the idea of using Amazon's platform, enough to prove the platform's integrity and high user acceptance.

The development of cloud computing in China is in a stage of gradual improvement and commercialization. There is a certain amount of time away from the advanced stage of fully commercialized operations. The current thing to do is to unite the industry's platform to promote the development of the industry, rather than fragmented, only the industry is big enough, we can have more profit space.

Ali Cloud computing business general Manager Chen Jinbei that the current foreign real large-scale commercial cloud computing platform is Amazon, Google Cloud services are not scale. There is no essential difference in the cloud service model, Aliyun and Amazon are all using the Internet service mode, users can choose and access the cloud service as long as they log on to the Internet. In addition, depending on user habits and local bandwidth and infrastructure differences, the billing model for the platform is slightly different.

As far as Aliyun is concerned, the biggest difference between the Amazon cloud platform and foreign countries is the different technology patterns, based on local, all-round to meet the actual needs of Chinese users.

Hundred Body International Health agency CTO Rae: At present, each cloud platform in the initial stage of IT training. The difference, though, is small. At the same time, he also believes that regardless of direction, first of all focus on the developer, team overall technical ability is the most important. For the development of the domestic cloud computing platform, unless the policy changes, the foreign cloud platform in China is completely uncompetitive. As a user, also want to use the powerful Amazon, but our speed, our various rules and regulations, it training institutions make this dream become just a dream.

Comparing the differences between domestic and foreign cloud computing platform services, Rae, CTO of the International Health Agency, said: "At present, in addition to the domestic cloud platform in the speed and policy advantages, in essence there is no comparable." Compared with the Giants like Amazon, we are behind not 1:30.

Fast enough. Jiang Shuo Miao said: The domestic cloud platform of their differences is relatively large, which Ali is dedicated to do cloud computing platform, and Shanda in addition to do cloud computing platform, but also developed a lot of their own products. Aliyun is from the bottom of their distributed operating system to the flying, and Shanda may be learning from the U.S. Amazon deployment. At present, the shortcomings of the domestic cloud computing is on the one hand, the product still has a great improvement and improve the space, on the other hand billing methods such as foreign more flexible, more flexible.

When it comes to the pros and cons of cloud platforms at home and abroad, it's fast enough. "The biggest problem of foreign cloud platforms may be bandwidth and cost, and it is more expensive to see foreign cloud platforms like Azure, and its network performance is optimized," says Jiang Miao. Of course, the advantage is that if the product positioning is global, may choose this product to ensure that the service is very good with users around the world to keep in sync. But if we choose domestic development, I believe that domestic products are more advantageous.

Entrepreneur Magazine and I Black Horse Network jointly launched the Human Dragon really look at home and abroad cloud computing platform differences, said: Some of the domestic cloud platforms do not need to completely change the data center, do not need to do too many of the underlying architecture, application and model changes, some lightweight, ultra-high efficiency and modular system architecture, Others refer to the design of many cloud computing high density data centers, while others are characterized by accessibility, scalability, resiliency, and so on.

Speaking of foreign cloud computing platform in the domestic development, Entrepreneur Magazine and I-Black Horse network jointly launched the Dragon really think that the current domestic and foreign cloud platform despite a lot of common ground, but in fact some exist in the details of the difference more. Compared to foreign platforms, I am more optimistic about the development of domestic brands.

Five features of the development of domestic cloud computing:

First, in the initial stage of application

In terms of time, foreign cloud computing business development Earlier, 2006 Google launched the concept of cloud computing has been a broad deployment, the current business has been very broad, commercial more mature, technology has become mature. The domestic cloud computing business basically starts from 2009, at this time Aliyun and Sina just started to launch cloud computing business platform, from time to lag abroad for at least 4 years.

In the commercialization aspect, the foreign cloud computing platform commercialization time is earlier than in 2006 Amazon's cloud platform has realized the commercialization. The domestic commercialization of the earlier is Sina and Ali Cloud, is also 2009 years after the gradual move towards the platform and commercialization of the road.

Compared with the extensive, in-depth, mature cloud computing applications abroad, the domestic cloud computing applications are still in the exploratory stage, large-scale commercial cloud computing time is not yet ripe, this is mainly because of the standard opinions of cloud computing, and based on their own advantages to build cloud computing platform.

Ii. lack of practical application cases

The development of cloud computing requires a large number of infrastructure and target customer base. For enterprise users, the lack of too many users can refer to the case, is not conducive to enterprises to do targeted reference and deployment. Cloud computing platform needs large-scale deployment to be able to gradually move to commercialization and maturity, the current domestic use of cloud computing platform is still relatively few, although already have the consciousness of cloud computing but the enterprise still lags behind in the system migration. With the development of domestic mobile Internet and the gradual improvement of domestic entrepreneurial environment, the application of the cloud service by the entrepreneur will be more common, and can save a lot of system maintenance cost, the demand of cloud service will usher in a period of growth.

Third, lack of targeted high-order services

Foreign cloud computing enterprise-class applications more targeted, cloud computing service system more refined, from the software that services to provide a single data storage services, this is the depth of application of cloud computing embodiment. It is gratifying that the domestic cloud computing platform has begun to appear the trend of refinement.

Domestic cloud computing is more focused on SaaS, providing the basic "software as a service", while the application of cloud computing abroad is more advanced, the emergence of "knowledge-serving" model, this is the direction of cloud computing development.

Four, the domestic cloud computing application level government is more positive, the enterprise relative lag

The development of domestic cloud computing began about 2008, mainly in the concept of breeding stage, 2009 began a small-scale construction. After two years of development, the formation of the government resources cloud, administrative information cloud, intelligent transportation cloud and other governmental clouds, as well as education cloud, industry cloud and other industries application cloud. But these are in the small-scale trial stage, did not form a large scale, at the same time there is no clear target customers.

V. Lack of Government guidance

The promotion of cloud computing business in foreign countries mainly includes enterprise spontaneous and government guidance, and the industrial chain is more mature. Industrial policy is also being developed gradually. And the domestic cloud computing promotion mainly includes the international it giant's propaganda and the enterprise spontaneous, lacks the government the advantageous guidance, although the Government is implementing the large-scale data center construction, but the actual use effect is not ideal, even becomes the government related department completes the performance the target project. Domestic cloud computing has not yet formed a sound industrial chain, which requires industry-related policies as soon as possible.

Compared with the government's support for cloud computing, China does not have a unified deployment and guidance policy at the national level. But under the impetus of foreign it giants, many cities in the country have carried out the construction of government cloud and public cloud computing platform, the situation is changing.


Although China's cloud computing platform in the service level compared with foreign there is a distance, however, China's cloud computing development has been in the "blowout" before the most critical period, whether it is the stability of the cloud computing platform or the user needs are constantly upgrading, to grasp the cloud computing in the critical period of domestic development, Promote the development of cloud computing.

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