Linux Learning Methods Five

Source: Internet
Author: User

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I believe that a lot of beginners who want to learn Linux are worried about what to look at Linux learning Tutorials Good, the following small series for everyone to collect and organize some of the more important tutorials for everyone to learn, if you want to learn more words, can go to wdlinux school to find more tutorials.

Methods for mounting NTFS partitions and mount partitions under Linux

If your disk format is NTFS follow these steps if not, skip to the next step

First, download a ntfs-3g.

Download Address:

and upload the downloaded compressed packets to the root folder.

Columns such as: File name: ntfs-3g_ntfsprogs-2013.1.13.tgz

Decompression: Tar zxvf ntfs-3g_ntfsprogs-2013.1.13.tgz

Go to Unzip folder: CD ntfs-3g_ntfsprogs-2013.1.13




Make install

The installation is complete

View partition information: fdisk-l


[Root@pc ntfs-3g_ntfsprogs-2013.1.13]# Fdisk-l

disk/dev/vda:21.5 GB, 21474836480 bytes

Heads, Sectors/track, 41610 cylinders

Units = Cylinders of 1008 * 516096 bytes

Sector size (logical/physical): bytes/512 bytes

I/O size (minimum/optimal): bytes/512 bytes

Disk Identifier:0x000acae9

Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System

/DEV/VDA1 * 3 409 204800 Linux

Partition 1 does not end on cylinder boundary.

/dev/vda2 409 8731 4194304 Linux swap/solaris

Partition 2 does not end on cylinder boundary.

/dev/vda3 8731 41611 16571392 Linux

Partition 3 does not end on cylinder boundary.

disk/dev/vdb:64.4 GB, 64424509440 bytes

255 heads, Sectors/track, 7832 cylinders

Units = Cylinders of 16065 * 8225280 bytes

Sector size (logical/physical): bytes/512 bytes

I/O size (minimum/optimal): bytes/512 bytes


Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System

/DEV/VDB1 1 7832 62910508+ SFS (I need to mount the NTFS format partition)

And then to Fstab.

Open Fstab to add a section of automatically mounted code

/dev/vdb1/www ntfs-3g Defaults 0 0

If you don't have the NTFS format, just add your disk format.


/dev/vdb1/www ext3 defaults 0 0


/DEV/VDB1 for your partition name in the step you can view

www to be mounted to a folder

Linux system hard disk partition tool Fdisk

Fdisk is a Linux hard disk partition tool hard disk partitioning principle, but the tool format, etc. are different, one is in the system when the partition, one is installed after the system partition

Install the system partition, after the system is generally unable to modify or adjust, in the installation of the system is not partitioned hard disk space, installed system can be operated or partitioned loading

The main point here is that the operation of an unpartitioned free hard drive or a new hard drive

Here will be used to Fdisk, but this can only be within 2T of hard disk operation, greater than 2T, you can not use, have to use another parted tool

Also, Linux's understanding of hard drives is

/DEV/HD|SD (A|B|XXX) in this way

HD is primarily for the IDE's hard drive, which has rarely been seen

Most of them are in the beginning of the SD, including STATA,SAS,SCSI and other interfaces such as

HDA is the first hard drive

HDB is the second hard drive.

SDA is the first hard drive

SDB is the second hard drive.

The order here, but also related to a factor, that is, interface sequence or jumper, you should know that the hard drive interface is a jumper or something, that is, a master hard drive, etc.

Here's how to use Fdisk

Fdisk-l is a list of all the hard drives, as follows

[ROOT@HNWT ~]# Fdisk-l

disk/dev/sda:320.0 GB, 320071851520 bytes

255 heads, Sectors/track, 38913 cylinders

Units = Cylinders of 16065 * 8225280 bytes

Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System

/DEV/SDA1 * 1 104391 Linux

/dev/sda2 38913 312464250 8e Linux LVM

FDISK/DEV/SDA indicates that the operation of the hard drive, after running this will enter the interactive state of Fdisk, as follows


The number of cylinders for this disk is set to 38913.

There is no wrong with then, but this is larger than 1024,

And could in certain setups incorporated problems with:

1 software that setupcl in boot time (e.g., old versions of LILO)

2) booting and partitioning software from the other OSs

(e.g., DOS fdisk, powering fdisk)

Command (M for help):

Prompts you here, press M will prompt a help, such as

Command (M for help): M

Command Action

A toggle a bootable flag

b Edit BSD Disklabel

C Toggle the DOS compatibility flag

d Delete a partition partition

L list known partition types lists all of the supported partition types

The M Print this menu displays the menus

n Add a new partition additional partition

o Create a new empty DOS partition table

P Print the partition table displays partition information

Q Quit without saving changes exit not save

s create a new empty Sun Disklabel

t change a partition ' s system ID changes partition type

U Change display/entry units

V Verify the partition table

W Write table to disk and exit writes the partition table and exits

X Extra functionality (experts only)

Command (M for help):

All the parameters are listed here.

Depending on the prompts above, you can continue with the following simple instructions

New Plus Zoning

1 Press N New plus

2 Select Primary partition/Extended partition

3 starting value, the default carriage return can

4 Partition Size value


Delete Partition

1 Press D

2 Select the appropriate partition number, enter the

Change Partition type

1 Press T

2 Select partition

3 Select partition type (press L to list all partitions and IDS)

Linux is primarily a swap partition where you need to operate

The general operation, like on the three

At the end of all operations, also ensure that the correct, you can press the W Save and exit

If the operation is incorrect, press Q to exit directly

Above the operation, do not online environment/production environment test, or the consequences of the ego

For testing machines or virtual machines, you can do more than a few times, practice makes perfect

Linux system reboot/shutdown command finishing

Reboot command:

1, reboot

2. shutdown-r now reboot (root user)

3, Shutdown-r 10 over 10 minutes automatic restart (root user use)

4, Shutdown-r 20:35 reboot at 20:35 time (root user)

If you set the reboot through the shutdown command, you can cancel the reboot with the SHUTDOWN-C command

Shutdown command:

1, halt immediately shut down

2, Poweroff immediately shut down

3. shutdown-h now shutdown (root user)

4, shutdown-h 10 10 minutes after automatic shutdown

If you are setting the shutdown via the shutdown command, you can cancel the reboot with the SHUTDOWN-C command

This tutorial is excerpted from Wdlinux forum, Welcome to Reprint ~

Related reading:

Three ways to learn Linux

Four ways to learn Linux

Related Article

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