windows中雙擊jar檔案即可運行寫法

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上載者:User
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下面通過一個例子來說明,這個例子包括2個java檔案和一個mf檔案:

檔案1:Frame1.java

package testjar;

import java.awt.*;
import java.awt.event.*;
import javax.swing.*;

public class Frame1 extends JFrame {
  JPanel contentPane;
  BorderLayout borderLayout1 = new BorderLayout();

  //Construct the frame
  public Frame1() {
    enableEvents(AWTEvent.WINDOW_EVENT_MASK);
    try {
      jbInit();
    }
    catch(Exception e) {
      e.printStackTrace();
    }
  }

  //Component initialization
  private void jbInit() throws Exception  {
    contentPane = (JPanel) this.getContentPane();
    contentPane.setLayout(borderLayout1);
    this.setSize(new Dimension(400, 300));
    this.setTitle("Frame Title");
  }

  //Overridden so we can exit when window is closed
  protected void processWindowEvent(WindowEvent e) {
    super.processWindowEvent(e);
    if (e.getID() == WindowEvent.WINDOW_CLOSING) {
      System.exit(0);
    }
  }
}

檔案2:App.java

package testjar;

import javax.swing.UIManager;
import java.awt.*;

public class App {
  boolean packFrame = false;

  //Construct the application
  public App() {
    Frame1 frame = new Frame1();
    //Validate frames that have preset sizes
    //Pack frames that have useful preferred size info, e.g. from their layout
    if (packFrame) {
      frame.pack();
    }
    else {
      frame.validate();
    }
    //Center the window
    Dimension screenSize = Toolkit.getDefaultToolkit().getScreenSize();
    Dimension frameSize = frame.getSize();
    if (frameSize.height > screenSize.height) {
      frameSize.height = screenSize.height;
    }
    if (frameSize.width > screenSize.width) {
      frameSize.width = screenSize.width;
    }
    frame.setLocation((screenSize.width - frameSize.width) / 2, (screenSize.height - frameSize.height) / 2);
    frame.setVisible(true);
  }

  //Main method
  public static void main(String[] args) {
    try {
      UIManager.setLookAndFeel(UIManager.getSystemLookAndFeelClassName());
    }
    catch(Exception e) {
      e.printStackTrace();
    }
    new App();
  }
}

檔案3:manif.mf

Main-Class: testjar.App

複製上述的三個檔案到一個目錄中,用命令列進入這個目錄並執行 javac -d . *.java,此時會編譯產生class檔案,然後執行 jar -cvfm te.jar manif.mf  testjar,應該回產生一個名為te.jar的jar檔案,雙擊它,就可以看到效果了!



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