php解析xml方法執行個體詳解

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   本文以執行個體形式詳細講述了php解析xml方法。分享給大家供大家參考。具體分析如下:

  books.xml檔案如下:

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 <?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?> <bookstore> <book category="children"> <title lang="en">Harry Potter</title> <author>J K. Rowling</author> <year>2005</year> <price>29.99</price> </book> <book category="cooking"> <title lang="en">Everyday Italian</title> <author>Giada De Laurentiis</author> <year>2005</year> <price>30.00</price> </book> <book category="web" cover="paperback"> <title lang="en">Learning XML</title> <author>Erik T. Ray</author> <year>2003</year> <price>39.95</price> </book> </bookstore>

  1、DOM解析XML

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 <?php //建立一個DOMDocument對象 $doc=new DOMDocument(); //載入XML檔案 $doc->load("books.xml"); //擷取所有的book標籤 $bookDom=$doc->getElementsByTagName("book"); foreach($bookDom as $book){ $title = $book->getElementsByTagName("title")->item(0)->nodeValue; $author = $book->getElementsByTagName("author")->item(0)->nodeValue; $year = $book->getElementsByTagName("year")->item(0)->nodeValue; $price = $book->getElementsByTagName("price")->item(0)->nodeValue; echo "title:".$title."<br>"; echo "author:".$author."<br>"; echo "year:".$year."<br>"; echo "price:".$price ."<br>"; echo "***********************************<br>"; } ?>

  2、xml_parse_into_struct

  建立解析器,將xml資料解析到數組,釋放解析器,再有就是從數組中提取想要的值。

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 <?php // 讀取xml檔案 $file = "books.xml"; $data = file_get_contents($file); // 建立解析器 $parser = xml_parser_create(); // 將 XML 資料解析到數組中 xml_parse_into_struct($parser, $data, $vals, $index); // 釋放解析器 xml_parser_free($parser); // 數組處理 $arr = array(); $t=0; foreach($vals as $value) { $type = $value['type']; $tag = $value['tag']; $level = $value['level']; $attributes = isset($value['attributes'])?$value['attributes']:""; $val = isset($value['value'])?$value['value']:""; switch ($type) { case 'open': if ($attributes != "" || $val != "") { $arr[$t]['tag'] = $tag; $arr[$t]['attributes'] = $attributes; $arr[$t]['level'] = $level; $t++; } break; case "complete": if ($attributes != "" || $val != "") { $arr[$t]['tag'] = $tag; $arr[$t]['attributes'] = $attributes; $arr[$t]['val'] = $val; $arr[$t]['level'] = $level; $t++; } break; } } echo "<pre>"; print_r($arr); echo "</pre>"; ?>

  3、用 SAX 解析器讀取 XML-----XML Simple API(SAX)解析器

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 <?php $file="books.xml"; $xml = simplexml_load_file($file); echo "<pre>"; print_r($xml); echo "</pre>"; ?>

  希望本文所述對大家的php程式設計有所協助。

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