SQL語句匯入匯出大全

來源:互聯網
上載者:User
語句 /******* 匯出到excel
EXEC master..xp_cmdshell 'bcp SettleDB.dbo.shanghu out c:\temp1.xls -c -q -S"GNETDATA/GNETDATA" -U"sa" -P""'

/*********** 匯入Excel
SELECT *
FROM OpenDataSource( 'Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0',
'Data Source="c:\test.xls";User ID=Admin;Password=;Extended properties=Excel 5.0')...xactions

/*動態檔案名稱
declare @fn varchar(20),@s varchar(1000)
set @fn = 'c:\test.xls'
set @s ='''Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0'',
''Data Source="'+@fn+'";User ID=Admin;Password=;Extended properties=Excel 5.0'''
set @s = 'SELECT * FROM OpenDataSource ('+@s+')...sheet1$'
exec(@s)
*/

SELECT cast(cast(科目編號 as numeric(10,2)) as nvarchar(255))+' ' 轉換後的別名
FROM OpenDataSource( 'Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0',
'Data Source="c:\test.xls";User ID=Admin;Password=;Extended properties=Excel 5.0')...xactions

/********************** EXCEL導到遠程SQL
insert OPENDATASOURCE(
'SQLOLEDB',
'Data Source=遠程ip;User ID=sa;Password=密碼'
).庫名.dbo.表名 (列名1,列名2)
SELECT 列名1,列名2
FROM OpenDataSource( 'Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0',
'Data Source="c:\test.xls";User ID=Admin;Password=;Extended properties=Excel 5.0')...xactions


/** 匯入文字檔
EXEC master..xp_cmdshell 'bcp dbname..tablename in c:\DT.txt -c -Sservername -Usa -Ppassword'

/** 匯出文字檔
EXEC master..xp_cmdshell 'bcp dbname..tablename out c:\DT.txt -c -Sservername -Usa -Ppassword'

EXEC master..xp_cmdshell 'bcp "Select * from dbname..tablename" queryout c:\DT.txt -c -Sservername -Usa -Ppassword'

匯出到TXT文本,用逗號分開
exec master..xp_cmdshell 'bcp "庫名..表名" out "d:\tt.txt" -c -t ,-U sa -P password'


BULK INSERT 庫名..表名
FROM 'c:\test.txt'
WITH (
FIELDTERMINATOR = ';',
ROWTERMINATOR = '\n'
)


--/* dBase IV檔案
select * from
OPENROWSET('MICROSOFT.JET.OLEDB.4.0'
,'dBase IV;HDR=NO;IMEX=2;DATABASE=C:\','select * from [客戶資料4.dbf]')
--*/

--/* dBase III檔案
select * from
OPENROWSET('MICROSOFT.JET.OLEDB.4.0'
,'dBase III;HDR=NO;IMEX=2;DATABASE=C:\','select * from [客戶資料3.dbf]')
--*/

--/* FoxPro 資料庫
select * from openrowset('MSDASQL',
'Driver=Microsoft Visual FoxPro Driver;SourceType=DBF;SourceDB=c:\',
'select * from [aa.DBF]')
--*/

/**************匯入DBF檔案****************/
select * from openrowset('MSDASQL',
'Driver=Microsoft Visual FoxPro Driver;
SourceDB=e:\VFP98\data;
SourceType=DBF',
'select * from customer where country != "USA" order by country')
go
/***************** 匯出到DBF ***************/
如果要匯出資料到已經產生結構(即現存的)FOXPRO表中,可以直接用下面的SQL語句

insert into openrowset('MSDASQL',
'Driver=Microsoft Visual FoxPro Driver;SourceType=DBF;SourceDB=c:\',
'select * from [aa.DBF]')
select * from 表

說明:
SourceDB=c:\ 指定foxpro表所在的檔案夾
aa.DBF 指定foxpro表的檔案名稱.




/*************匯出到Access********************/
insert into openrowset('Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0',
'x:\A.mdb';'admin';'',A表) select * from 資料庫名..B表

/*************匯入Access********************/
insert into B表 selet * from openrowset('Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0',
'x:\A.mdb';'admin';'',A表)

檔案名稱為參數
declare @fname varchar(20)
set @fname = 'd:\test.mdb'
exec('SELECT a.* FROM opendatasource(''Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0'',
'''+@fname+''';''admin'';'''', topics) as a ')

SELECT *
FROM OpenDataSource( 'Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0',
'Data Source="f:\northwind.mdb";Jet OLEDB:Database Password=123;User ID=Admin;Password=;')...產品

********************* 匯入 xml 檔案

DECLARE @idoc int
DECLARE @doc varchar(1000)
--sample XML document
SET @doc ='
<root>
<Customer cid= "C1" name="Janine" city="Issaquah">
<Order oid="O1" date="1/20/1996" amount="3.5" />
<Order oid="O2" date="4/30/1997" amount="13.4">Customer was very satisfied
</Order>
</Customer>
<Customer cid="C2" name="Ursula" city="Oelde" >
<Order oid="O3" date="7/14/1999" amount="100" note="Wrap it blue
white red">
<Urgency>Important</Urgency>



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