Use bonnie to Test system IO speed

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上載者:User

Use bonnie to Test system IO speed

Friday, 2004-09-17 11:33 Eygle
    
 
原文連結:

http://www.eygle.com/unix/Use.Bonnie.To.Test.IO.speed.htm 

Bonnie是一款極小的測試系統IO效能的工具,原始碼公開.作者首頁:
http://www.textuality.com/bonnie/
你也可以點擊這裡下載

編譯Bonnie極其簡單,但是需要你安裝了make及gcc (或cc)

 

# makeOptions are "make bsd" and "make SysV" - the default is "bsd".If you get messages about missing functions, try "make SysV."make Bonnie make[1]: Entering directory `/export/home/gqgai/bonnie'cc -O Bonnie.c -o Bonniemake[1]: Leaving directory `/export/home/gqgai/bonnie'

其使用手冊在:

http://www.textuality.com/bonnie/advice.html

測試IO速度:

1.T3陣列速度測試(raid5)

 

# df -kFilesystem kbytes used avail capacity Mounted on/dev/dsk/c0t0d0s0 1018382 117711 839569 13% //dev/dsk/c0t0d0s6 2055705 1177602 816432 60% /usr/proc 0 0 0 0% /procfd 0 0 0 0% /dev/fdmnttab 0 0 0 0% /etc/mnttab/dev/dsk/c0t0d0s1 1448911 772148 618807 56% /varswap 4770120 8 4770112 1% /var/runswap 4958928 188816 4770112 4% /tmp/dev/dsk/c5t1d0s0 51634648 35154404 15963898 69% /data1/dev/dsk/c5t1d1s1 25816144 21498881 4059102 85% /data3/dev/dsk/c5t1d1s0 25816144 14650723 10907260 58% /data2/dev/dsk/c0t2d0s1 15483618 1074317 14254465 8% /temp/dev/dsk/c0t2d0s0 7136886 2824586 4240932 40% /varlink/dev/dsk/c0t2d0s5 8258597 5868224 2307788 72% /opt/dev/dsk/c0t2d0s7 2053605 1281342 710655 65% /export/home/dev/dsk/c0t2d0s6 2053605 178151 1813846 9% /usr/local# formatSearching for disks...doneAVAILABLE DISK SELECTIONS: 0. c0t0d0 /pci@1f,4000/scsi@3/sd@0,0 1. c0t1d0 /pci@1f,4000/scsi@3/sd@1,0 2. c0t2d0 /pci@1f,4000/scsi@3/sd@2,0 3. c3t0d0 /pci@4,4000/scsi@4/sd@0,0 4. c3t1d0 /pci@4,4000/scsi@4/sd@1,0 5. c3t2d0 /pci@4,4000/scsi@4/sd@2,0 6. c3t3d0 /pci@4,4000/scsi@4/sd@3,0 7. c5t1d0 /pci@1f,2000/SUNW,qlc@1/fp@0,0/ssd@w50020f23000083a2,0 8. c5t1d1 /pci@1f,2000/SUNW,qlc@1/fp@0,0/ssd@w50020f23000083a2,1Specify disk (enter its number): ^D# ./Bonnie -d /data1 -s 2046 -m billing-center File '/data1/Bonnie.8273', size: 2145386496Writing with putc()...doneRewriting...doneWriting intelligently...doneReading with getc()...doneReading intelligently...adoneSeeker 2...Seeker 1...Seeker 3...start 'em...done...done...done... -------Sequential Output-------- ---Sequential Input-- --Random-- -Per Char- --Block--- -Rewrite-- -Per Char- --Block--- --Seeks---Machine MB K/sec %CPU K/sec %CPU K/sec %CPU K/sec %CPU K/sec %CPU /sec %CPUbilling- 2046 10251 87.5 32430 55.7 14048 39.5 12625 99.5 48763 67.3 61.5 8.3

簡要介紹一下輸出:

這裡Sequential Output指寫入速度,Char指按字元方式寫入,Block指按塊方式寫入,Rewrite指順序改寫速度(也就是資料修改)
Sequential Input指讀取速度

CPU,指該操作佔用的CPU資源.

此處T3 Raid5的寫入達到 10251 K/sec

2.本地磁碟速度

# ./Bonnie -d /opt/oracle -s 1024 -m billing-centerFile '/opt/oracle/Bonnie.8545', size: 1073741824Writing with putc()...doneRewriting...doneWriting intelligently...doneReading with getc()...doneReading intelligently...doneSeeker Seeker 2...1...Seeker 3...start 'em...done...done...done... -------Sequential Output-------- ---Sequential Input-- --Random-- -Per Char- --Block--- -Rewrite-- -Per Char- --Block--- --Seeks---Machine MB K/sec %CPU K/sec %CPU K/sec %CPU K/sec %CPU K/sec %CPU /sec %CPUbilling- 1024 9582 85.0 15928 29.8 6900 20.3 11735 96.5 46098 67.2 256.6 8.8

後面會逐漸添加一些其他硬體的測試資料.

3. EMC CLARiiON CX500 測試資料

系統內容:

 # /usr/platform/sun4u/sbin/prtdiag -vSystem Configuration: Sun Microsystems sun4u Sun Fire 480RSystem clock frequency: 150 MHzMemory size: 4096 Megabytes========================= CPUs =============================================== Run E$ CPU CPU Brd CPU MHz MB Impl. Mask --- --- --- ---- ------- ---- A 0 1050 8.0 US-III+ 11.0 A 2 1050 8.0 US-III+ 11.0========================= Memory Configuration =============================== Logical Logical Logical MC Bank Bank Bank DIMM Interleave InterleavedBrd ID num size Status Size Factor with--- --- ---- ------ ----------- ------ ---------- ----------- A 0 0 512MB no_status 256MB 8-way 0 A 0 1 512MB no_status 256MB 8-way 0 A 0 2 512MB no_status 256MB 8-way 0 A 0 3 512MB no_status 256MB 8-way 0 A 2 0 512MB no_status 256MB 8-way 0 A 2 1 512MB no_status 256MB 8-way 0 A 2 2 512MB no_status 256MB 8-way 0 A 2 3 512MB no_status 256MB 8-way 0========================= IO Cards ========================= Bus Max IO Port Bus Freq Bus Dev,Type ID Side Slot MHz Freq Func State Name Model---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ----- -------------------------------- ----------------------PCI 8 B 2 33 33 2,0 ok SUNW,XVR-100 SUNW,375-3126 PCI 8 B 4 33 33 4,0 ok fibre-channel-pci10df,f900.10df.+ PCI 8 B 5 33 33 5,0 ok fibre-channel-pci10df,f900.10df.+ PCI 8 A 0 66 66 1,0 ok pci-pci8086,b154.0/pci108e,1000 PCI-BRIDGE PCI 8 A 0 66 66 0,0 ok pci108e,1000-pci108e,1000.1 device on pci-bridge PCI 8 A 0 66 66 0,1 ok SUNW,qfe-pci108e,1001 SUNW,pci-qfe/pci-bridg+PCI 8 A 0 66 66 1,0 ok pci108e,1000-pci108e,1000.1 device on pci-bridge PCI 8 A 0 66 66 1,1 ok SUNW,qfe-pci108e,1001 SUNW,pci-qfe/pci-bridg+PCI 8 A 0 66 66 2,0 ok pci108e,1000-pci108e,1000.1 device on pci-bridge PCI 8 A 0 66 66 2,1 ok SUNW,qfe-pci108e,1001 SUNW,pci-qfe/pci-bridg+PCI 8 A 0 66 66 3,0 ok pci108e,1000-pci108e,1000.1 device on pci-bridge PCI 8 A 0 66 66 3,1 ok SUNW,qfe-pci108e,1001 SUNW,pci-qfe/pci-bridg+========================= Environmental Status =========================System Temperatures (Celsius):-------------------------------Device Temperature Status---------------------------------------CPU0 50 OKCPU2 52 OKDBP0 28 OK=================================Front Status Panel:-------------------Keyswitch position: NORMALSystem LED Status: LOCATOR FAULT POWER ------- ------- ------- [OFF] [OFF] [ ON]=================================Disk Status:------------DISK 0: [NO_FAULT]DISK 1: [NO_FAULT]=================================Fan Status:-----------Bank RPM Status---- ----- ------CPU0 5660 [NO_FAULT]CPU1 3896 [NO_FAULT]CPU2 3797 [NO_FAULT]IO0 3947 [NO_FAULT]IO1 4166 [NO_FAULT]=================================Power Supplies:---------------Supply Status------ ------PS0 [NO_FAULT]PS1 [NO_FAULT]========================================================== HW Revisions =======================================System PROM revisions:----------------------OBP 4.10.8 2003/07/25 08:44IO ASIC revisions:------------------ PortModel ID Status Version-------- ---- ------ -------Schizo 8 ok 7 Schizo 9 ok 7

陣列為CLARiiON CX500,以下分別是4塊盤的Raid1+0及Raid5的測試資料:

Raid1+0測試

 # ./Bonnie -d /eygle -s 2046 -m jumpFile '/eygle/Bonnie.460', size: 2145386496Writing with putc()...doneRewriting...doneWriting intelligently...doneReading with getc()...doneReading intelligently...doneSeeker Seeker 2...1...Seeker 3...start 'em...done...done...done... -------Sequential Output-------- ---Sequential Input-- --Random-- -Per Char- --Block--- -Rewrite-- -Per Char- --Block--- --Seeks---Machine MB K/sec %CPU K/sec %CPU K/sec %CPU K/sec %CPU K/sec %CPU /sec %CPUjump 2046 37438 88.8 111172 63.8 75940 90.0 43495 99.7 322153 99.9 17747.8 177.5

這裡EMC CX500的速度達到了,37438K/sec,比T3的效能強了很多

下面是Raid5的測試資料:

 # ./Bonnie -d /eygle -s 2046 -m jumpFile '/eygle/Bonnie.473', size: 2145386496Writing with putc()...doneRewriting...doneWriting intelligently...doneReading with getc()...doneReading intelligently...doneSeeker Seeker 2...1...Seeker 3...start 'em...done...done...done... -------Sequential Output-------- ---Sequential Input-- --Random-- -Per Char- --Block--- -Rewrite-- -Per Char- --Block--- --Seeks---Machine MB K/sec %CPU K/sec %CPU K/sec %CPU K/sec %CPU K/sec %CPU /sec %CPUjump 2046 40652 95.5 106768 56.1 75673 90.9 43356 99.4 314381 99.8 17347.3 160.5

 

Raid5這裡的字元寫速度達到了40652K/sec,較Raid1+0稍快,而Block方式寫Raid1+0較Raid5稍快.

實際上EMC一直強調其Raid5讀寫效能較Raid1+0相差無幾.

 


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