WASP匯出Excel資料的四種方法

來源:互聯網
上載者:User
一、使用OWC

  什麼是OWC?

  OWC是Office Web Compent的縮寫,即Microsoft的Office Web組件,它為在Web中繪製圖形提供了靈活的同時也是最基本的機制。在一個intranet環境中,如果可以假設客戶機上存在特定的瀏覽器和一些功能強大的軟體(如IE5和Office 2000),那麼就有能力利用Office Web組件提供一個互動式圖形開發環境。這種模式下,用戶端工作站將在整個任務中分擔很大的比重。

<%Option Explicit
Class ExcelGen
Private objSpreadsheet
Private iColOffset

Private iRowOffset
Sub Class_Initialize()
Set objSpreadsheet = Server.CreateObject("OWC.Spreadsheet")
iRowOffset = 2
iColOffset = 2
End Sub

Sub Class_Terminate()
Set objSpreadsheet = Nothing 'Clean up
End Sub

Public Property Let ColumnOffset(iColOff)
If iColOff > 0 then
iColOffset = iColOff
Else
iColOffset = 2
End If
End Property

Public Property Let RowOffset(iRowOff)
If iRowOff > 0 then
iRowOffset = iRowOff
Else
iRowOffset = 2
End If
End Property Sub GenerateWorksheet(objRS)
'Populates the Excel worksheet based on a Recordset's contents
'Start by displaying the titles
If objRS.EOF then Exit Sub
Dim objField, iCol, iRow
iCol = iColOffset
iRow = iRowOffset
For Each objField in objRS.Fields
objSpreadsheet.Cells(iRow, iCol).Value = objField.Name
objSpreadsheet.Columns(iCol).AutoFitColumns
'設定Excel表裡的字型
objSpreadsheet.Cells(iRow, iCol).Font.Bold = True
objSpreadsheet.Cells(iRow, iCol).Font.Italic = False
objSpreadsheet.Cells(iRow, iCol).Font.Size = 10
objSpreadsheet.Cells(iRow, iCol).Halignment = 2 '置中
iCol = iCol + 1
Next 'objField
'Display all of the data
Do While Not objRS.EOF
iRow = iRow + 1
iCol = iColOffset
For Each objField in objRS.Fields
If IsNull(objField.Value) then
objSpreadsheet.Cells(iRow, iCol).Value = ""
Else
objSpreadsheet.Cells(iRow, iCol).Value = objField.Value
objSpreadsheet.Columns(iCol).AutoFitColumns
objSpreadsheet.Cells(iRow, iCol).Font.Bold = False
objSpreadsheet.Cells(iRow, iCol).Font.Italic = False
objSpreadsheet.Cells(iRow, iCol).Font.Size = 10
End If
iCol = iCol + 1
Next 'objField
objRS.MoveNext
Loop
End Sub Function SaveWorksheet(strFileName)

'Save the worksheet to a specified filename
On Error Resume Next
Call objSpreadsheet.ActiveSheet.Export(strFileName, 0)
SaveWorksheet = (Err.Number = 0)
End Function
End Class

Dim objRS
Set objRS = Server.CreateObject("ADODB.Recordset")
objRS.Open "SELECT * FROM xxxx", "Provider=SQLOLEDB.1;Persist Security

Info=True;User ID=xxxx;Password=xxxx;Initial Catalog=xxxx;Data source=xxxx;"
Dim SaveName
SaveName = Request.Cookies("savename")("name")
Dim objExcel
Dim ExcelPath
ExcelPath = "Excel\" & SaveName & ".xls"
Set objExcel = New ExcelGen
objExcel.RowOffset = 1
objExcel.ColumnOffset = 1
objExcel.GenerateWorksheet(objRS)
If objExcel.SaveWorksheet(Server.MapPath(ExcelPath)) then
'Response.Write "<html><body bgcolor='gainsboro' text='#000000'>已儲存為Excel檔案.

<a href='" & server.URLEncode(ExcelPath) & "'>下載</a>"
Else
Response.Write "在儲存過程中有錯誤!"
End If
Set objExcel = Nothing
objRS.Close
Set objRS = Nothing
%> 

  二、用Excel的Application組件在用戶端匯出到Excel或Word

  注意:兩個函數中的“data“是網頁中要匯出的table的 id

<input type="hidden" name="out_word" value="匯出到word" class="notPrint">
<input type="hidden" name="out_excel" value="匯出到excel" class="notPrint"> 

  匯出到Excel代碼

<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="javascript">
<!--
function AutomateExcel()
{
// Start Excel and get Application object.
var oXL = new ActiveXObject("Excel.Application");
// Get a new workbook.
var oWB = oXL.Workbooks.Add();
var oSheet = oWB.ActiveSheet;
var table = document.all.data;
var hang = table.rows.length;

var lie = table.rows(0).cells.length;

// Add table headers going cell by cell.
for (i=0;i<hang;i++)
{
for (j=0;j<lie;j++)
{
oSheet.Cells(i+1,j+1).value = table.rows(i).cells(j).innerText;
}

}
oXL.Visible = true;
oXL.UserControl = true;
}
//-->
</SCRIPT> 

  匯出到Word代碼

<script language="vbscript">
Sub buildDoc
set table = document.all.data
row = table.rows.length
column = table.rows(1).cells.length

Set objWordDoc = CreateObject("Word.Document")

objWordDoc.Application.Documents.Add theTemplate, False
objWordDoc.Application.Visible=True

Dim theArray(20,10000)
for i=0 to row-1
for j=0 to column-1
theArray(j+1,i+1) = table.rows(i).cells(j).innerTEXT
next
next
objWordDoc.Application.ActiveDocument.Paragraphs.Add.Range.InsertBefore("綜合查詢結果集") //顯示表格標題

objWordDoc.Application.ActiveDocument.Paragraphs.Add.Range.InsertBefore("")
Set rngPara = objWordDoc.Application.ActiveDocument.Paragraphs(1).Range
With rngPara
.Bold = True //將標題設為粗體
.ParagraphFormat.Alignment = 1 //將標題置中
.Font.Name = "隸書" //設定標題字型
.Font.Size = 18 //設定標題字型大小
End With
Set rngCurrent = objWordDoc.Application.ActiveDocument.Paragraphs(3).Range
Set tabCurrent = ObjWordDoc.Application.ActiveDocument.Tables.Add(rngCurrent,row,column)

for i = 1 to column

objWordDoc.Application.ActiveDocument.Tables(1).Rows(1).Cells(i).Range.InsertAfter theArray(i,1)
objWordDoc.Application.ActiveDocument.Tables(1).Rows(1).Cells(i).Range.ParagraphFormat.alignment=1
next
For i =1 to column
For j = 2 to row
objWordDoc.Application.ActiveDocument.Tables(1).Rows(j).Cells(i).Range.InsertAfter theArray(i,j)
objWordDoc.Application.ActiveDocument.Tables(1).Rows(j).Cells(i).Range.ParagraphFormat.alignment=1
Next
Next

End Sub
</SCRIPT> 

  三、直接在IE中開啟,再存為EXCEL檔案

  把讀出的資料用<table>格式,在網頁中顯示出來,同時,加上下一句即可把EXCEL表在客用戶端顯示。

<%response.ContentType ="application/vnd.ms-excel"%> 

  注意:顯示的頁面中,只把<table>輸出,最好不要輸出其他表格以外的資訊。

  四、匯出以半形逗號隔開的csv

  用fso方法產生文字檔的方法,產生一個副檔名為csv檔案。此檔案,一行即為資料表的一行。產生資料表欄位用半形逗號隔開。(有關fso產生文字檔的方法,在此就不做介紹了)

  CSV檔案介紹 (逗點分隔檔)

  選擇該項系統將建立一個可供下載的CSV 檔案; CSV是最通用的一種檔案格式,它可以非常容易地被匯入各種PC表格及資料庫中。

  請注意即使選擇表格作為輸出格式,仍然可以將結果下載CSV檔案。在表格輸出螢幕的底部,顯示有 "CSV 檔案"選項,點擊它即可下載該檔案。

  如果您把瀏覽器配置為將您的試算表軟體與文本(TXT)/逗點分隔檔(CSV) 相關聯,當您下載該檔案時,該檔案將自動開啟。下載下來後,如果本地已安裝EXCEL,點擊此檔案,即可自動用EXCEL軟體開啟此檔案。




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