-sha-384:384 bits, the message limit is 2128 bits, has not been breached.SHA-2 generation-sha-512:512 bits, the message limit is 2128 bits, has not been breached.Attack on one-way hash functionBrute force : attempts to crack the "weak anti-collision" attack of a one-way hash function.Birthday Attack : This is a "strong anti-collision" attack that attempts to crack a one-way hash function.A one-way hash function can identify "tamper", but cannot discern "camouflage".The technologies used for auth

Useful PHP with public key cryptography class sharing (every time encryption results are different OH), PHP encryption
Web Interactive security has always been a major site of the first solution, this article introduces the PHP encryption class is very practical oh, with the public

powerful protection for information security. We will wait and see where the encryption technology will go in the future.
References:[1] Douglas R. Stinson. Principles and Practices of cryptography. Beijing: Electronics Industry Press, 131-132[2] Simon Singh. Password story. Haikou: Hainan press, 271, 272-The RSA Algorithm of encryption algorithm-http://soft.winzheng.com/infoView/Article_296.htm,2003[4] encryption and digital signature-http://www.njt

Both A and B were on two islands. B is sick, and a has the medicine that B needs. C has a boat and a lockable box.C is willing to carry things between A and B, but things can only be placed in boxes. As long as the box is unlocked, C will steal everything from the box,No matter what's in the box. If A and B each have a lock and can only open the key of their own lock, how should a be delivered to B?Answer: A put the medicine in the box, lock the box w

private key ".
These cryptographic concepts are easy to confuse and can be justified. Public Keys, private keys, encryption, and authentication are all complex issues, and their concepts are not easy to understand. If they are not understood, they are prone to various plausible concepts, to give you a better understanding of cryptography, I will explain in detai

only be decrypted with the public key.Instance: For example, I want to send you an encrypted message. First, I have to have your public key, and you have to have my public key. first of all, I use your public

Significance: The development of public key cryptography is the greatest revolution in the history of cryptography, perhaps the only one. Rotary Press and DES are important symbols of cryptography development, but they are all based on substitution and substitution of these

of patterns, and the main patterns of block ciphers are:
ECB mode: Electronic Codebook mode (electronic password)
CBC mode: Cipher Block Channing mode (password Group link)
CFB mode: Cipher FeedBack mode (ciphertext feedback model)
OFB mode: Output FeedBack mode
CTR mode: CounTeR mode (counter)
The operating flow of these modes is not to be discussed here, just know:
The ECB is too simple to be secure and has been deprecated;
CFB can be applied to repl

In the previous section, symmetric encryption (resolution:Confidentiality of), one-way encryption (resolves:completeness), key exchange (resolution:completeness）。 But is it always possible to be disruptive by e, is there a way to resolve the identity of the other way?This time the public key encryption algorithm comes out. It is well known that

Flaws in the symmetric cryptography system:
Key allocation problem: the communication between two parties to encrypt communication, the need to negotiate the encryption key through a secret secure channel, and this secure channel may be difficult to achieve key management problems: In a network with multiple users, any

corresponding string *Encprivatekey =[RSA Decryptstring:result Privatekey:privatekey]; $NSLog (@"private =%@", Encprivatekey);Panax Notoginseng -}Decoding data on the server side (Java)Decoding in Java requires the PKCS8 private key generated using the following instructions:Gen Shell wrote the OpenSSL pkcs8-topk8-in private_key.pem-out pkcs8_private_key.pem-nocryptSpecific decoding steps:
Load PKCS8 private

inverse of modulo m?? (Note: Here must understand, otherwise the next blog RSA algorithm will certainly not understand!)I found a lot of Baidu, but also looked at the blog, such as http://blog.sina.com.cn/s/blog_65a5cf5e0100nyqo.html, but I do not understand AH!! Finally, I found a way that I could read. Inverse element method for solving the >! of inversion In order to facilitate my finishing, I put the process of the inverse meta-related, we can also click the link to see ~ ending~......Infor

Set h as the parity-check matrix with a row weight of d. Q is the transpose matrix with a row weight of M. For LDPC codes, there are d/nH′=h QT is a parity matrix for public key cryptography. It is not a parity-check matrix of the old password G (with H. gt=0), just a parity-check matrix for the new password g′,Have h′ G′t=h PT (S-1 G PT) T= h PT P GT (S-1) T= H.

1 /// 2 ///RSA public Key Cryptography3 /// 4 /// Text to encrypt5 /// RSA Public Key6 /// 7 Public Static stringRsaencrypt (stringContentstringPublicKey)8 {9 stringresult ="";Ten Try One { ARsacryptoserviceprovider.use

On the issue of PHP public key cryptography
I am going to use PHP's own SSL function to complete the cryptographic work of the public key. However, when accessing this test.php file, the Web page will always load, and IE will prompt the page not to display. Please look at th

Tutorial-upload App public key and get Alipay public key
1. Click "Upload Public key" in the lower right corner of the signature Verification tool to open the Alipay open Platform webp

).and the classical code system is originally through the encryption algorithm itself rather than the password to encrypt, for example, Caesar password is c+k, see ciphertext, and then know the encryption algorithm, it is easy to guess the results to
Because modern cryptography is based on the computer, the replacement of the key is convenient, because an algorithm of the

equivalent to stamp, is generated with the personal seal (private key) of address A, and the public key of address A can be used to let others verify that the chapter is valid (private key public key

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