Python implementation of 2 methods based on weighted random number

Source: Internet
Author: User

This article mainly introduces Python to implement the weight of random number 2 methods, this article directly gives the implementation code, the need for friends can refer to the

Problem:

For example, we have to choose from different provinces to choose a number, each province's weight is not the same, direct selection of random number is certainly not the case, you need a model to solve this problem.

Simplify to the following questions:

The key of the dictionary is the province, and value represents the weight, we now need a function, each time based on the weight to choose a province out

{"A": 2, "B": 2, "C": 4, "D": Ten, "E": 20}

Solve:

This is the most able to think and see the version, do not know that there is no more efficient and easy to use the algorithm.

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 The #!/usr/bin/env python #-*-coding:utf-8-*-#python2 7x #random_weight. py #author: orangleliu@gmail.com 2014-10-11 &NB Sp "' every element has a weight, then according to the weight random value   Input {" A ": 2," B ": 2," C ": 4," D ": Ten," E ": 20} Output a value '" ' Import random import collections as C Oll   data = {"A": 2, "B": 2, "C": 4, "D": 6, "E": one}   #第一种 according to element weight value "A" *2. And so on, put each element weight element into an array, and then the most array subscript random number to get weight def list_method (): All_data = [] for V, W in Data.items (): temp = [] for I in range (w ): Temp.append (v) all_data.extend (temp)   n = random.randint (0,len (All_data)-1) return All_data[n]   #第二种 also to be calculated The sum of weights, take out a random number, iterate through all the elements, add the weights sum, when sum is greater than or equal to the random number stop, remove the current tuple def iter_method (): total = SUM (Data.values ()) rad = Random.randint (1,total)   Cur_total = 0 res = "" For K, v. in Data.items (): Cur_total + = v if rad<= cur_total:res = k break return res     DEF Test (method): Dict_num = coll.defaultdict (int) for I in Range (m): Dict_num[eval (method)] + + 1 for i,j in Dict_num.items (): Print I, J   if __name__ = = "__main__": Test ("List_method ()") print "-" *50 Test ("Iter_method ()")

Results of one execution

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 A 4 c b 7 E D--------------------------------------------------a 8 c B 6 E D 27
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