Common commands for working with directories in Linux

Source: Internet
Author: User

let's look at a few common commands for working with directories:

LS: List directory

CD: Switch directories

pwd: Displays the current directory

mkdir: Create a new directory

RmDir: Delete an empty directory

CP: Copying Files or directories

RM: Remove files or directories

MV (move files and directories, or modify names)


You can use the man [command] to view the documentation for each command, such as: Man CP.


ls (list directory)

Options and Parameters:

- A: All files are listed together with the hidden file (files that begin with.) (common)

-D: Lists only the directory itself, not the file data in the directory (common)

-L: Long data string list, including file attributes and permissions and so on data; (common)


<span style= "FONT-SIZE:14PX;"            >[email protected]:~$ lsdump examples.desktop Public video document music Erh-mongo-munin-08e7aeb tech163 Template picture Download Desktop [email protected]:~$ ls-l total dosage 56drwxrwxr-x 6 Deng Deng 4096 June 9 17:56 dumpdrwxrwxr-x 3 Deng Deng 4096 February erh-mongo-munin-08e7aeb-rw-r--r--1 Deng Deng 8445 June 6 09:21 examples.desktopdrwxrwxr-x 3 D Eng Deng 4096 June 08:35 tech163drwxr-xr-x 2 Deng Deng 4096 June 6 11:19 public drwxr-xr-x 2 Deng Deng 4096 June 6 11:19 template D Rwxr-xr-x 2 Deng Deng 4096 June 6 11:19 video Drwxr-xr-x 2 Deng Deng 4096 June 6 11:19 picture Drwxr-xr-x 5 Deng Deng 4096 June 9 17 : 25 Document Drwxr-xr-x 3 Deng Deng 4096 June 11 09:51 Download Drwxr-xr-x 2 Deng Deng 4096 June 6 11:19 Music drwxr-xr-x 2 Deng Deng 4096 6                        Month 11 10:23 Desktop [email protected]:~$ ls-a.                       . Gksu.lock. Rpmdb.            . gnome2. Sunpinyin.adobe. GOUTPUTSTREAM-0D97ZX tech163.bash_history. goutputstream-syqvzx. thumbnails.bash_logout. goutputstream-xwfpzx. VIMINFO.BASHRC. Gstrea mer-0.10. Xauthority.cache. Gtk-bookmarks. xinputrc.compiz-1. Gvfs. Xsessi On-errors.config. Iceauthority. Xsession-errors.old.dbshell. java public. Dbus. Loc Al template. dmrc. Macromedia Video dump. Mission-control Pictures E              Rh-mongo-munin-08e7aeb. Mozilla document examples.desktop. PIP download. fontconfig . Profile music. Freemind. Pulse Desktop. gconf. pulse-cookie</sp An>
CD (switch directory)
<span style= "FONT-SIZE:14PX;" > CD [relative path or absolute path]</span>

<span style= "FONT-SIZE:14PX;" >[email protected]:~$ mkdir jingdong[email protected]:~$ CD jingdong[email protected]:~/jingdong$ CD. #返回上一层文件夹 [email protected]:~$ cd/home/deng/tech163[email protected]:~/tech163$ cd-#相当于文档中的Ctrl +z, rollback/home/deng[ Email protected]:~$ cd/#返回根目录 </span>

pwd (Displays the directory that is currently located)options and Parameters:-P: shows the exact path, not the link path.

mkdir (Create new directory)
<span style= "FONT-SIZE:14PX;" >mkdir [-MP] Directory name </span>

Options and Parameters:
-M: Configuration file Permissions Oh! Direct configuration, do not need to see the default permissions (umask) face ~
-P: help you to directly create the desired directory (including the top level directory) back up!


rmdir (Delete empty directory)Options and Parameters:
-P: Along with the previous level of "empty" directories are also deleted


cp (copy files or directories)
<span style= "FONT-SIZE:14PX;" >CP [-adfilprsu] source file (source) target file (destination) CP [options] Source1 source2 source3 .... directory</span>

Options and Parameters:
-A: As-pdr means, please refer to the following instructions for PDR. (common)
-D: If the source file is the attribute of the link file, the link file property is copied instead of the file itself;
-F: For force, if the target file already exists and cannot be opened, then try again after removing it;
-I: If the target file (destination) already exists, the action will be asked (commonly used) when overwriting
-L: Create a link file for a hard link, rather than copying the file itself;
-P: Copy the past along with the properties of the file, rather than using the default properties (backup is often used);
-R: Recursive continuous replication, used for the replication behavior of the directory; (Common)
-S: Copy becomes the symbolic link file (symbolic link), i.e. "shortcut" files;
-U: Upgrade destination If destination is older than source!


rm (remove files or directories)
<span style= "FONT-SIZE:14PX;" >RM [-fir] file or directory </span>

Options and Parameters:
-F: Is the meaning of force, ignoring the nonexistent file, no warning message appears;
-I: Interactive mode that asks the user whether or not to move before deleting
-R: Pass it back! Most commonly used in directories are deleted! This is a very dangerous option!!!


MV (move files and directories, or modify names)
<span style= "FONT-SIZE:14PX;" >MV [-fiu] Source DESTINATIONMV [options] source1 source2 source3 .... directory</span>

Options and Parameters:
-f:force mandatory Meaning, if the target file already exists, will not be asked and directly covered;
-I: If the target file (destination) already exists, you will be asked to overwrite it!
-U: If the target file already exists and source is newer, it will be upgraded (update)

Common commands for working with directories in Linux

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