Linux Makefile (Chinese version 1)

Source: Internet
Author: User

#############################################################################
# Generic Makefile for C + + program
Usage
# ------
# 1. Copy makefile to your code directory
# 2. "Customizable section" customization only when necessary
# * In order to use nonstandard libraries, set up pre-compiler and compiler <my_cflags>, linker <MY_LIBS>
# * In order to search for more directory source code, settings <SRCDIRS>
# * Specify your favorite program name, Settings <PROGRAM>
# 3. Hit make to start compiling your program
#
# Make Target:
# ------------
# The Makefile provides the following targets to make:
# $ make compile and link
# $ make Nodep=yes compile and link without generating dependencies
# $ make Objs compile only (no linking)
# $ make tags Create tags for Emacs editor
# $ make ctags create ctags for VI editor
# $ make clean objects and the executable file
# $ make Distclean clean objects, the executable and dependencies
# $ make help get the usage of the makefile
#
#===========================================================================

# # Customizable Section:adapt those variables to suit your program.
##==========================================================================

# pre-compiler and compiler options
# my_cflags =-ggdb3-pipe-o2-wall-wextra-fopenmp-march=native-mfpmath=sse-dlinux-m64-std=c++0x
My_cflags =-g-dlinux-itest1/include-itest2/include-itest1/include/test1-itest2/include/test2

# Linker options, seemingly written Libs, such as Libs =-lmysqlclient-liconv, specify the library to link to
# my_libs =-lglew-lglut-lglu-lgl-lx11-lxmu-lxi-lm-l/usr/x11r6/lib-lgomp-lopenthreads-lpthread
My_libs =-lm

# CPP uses a pre-compiler, such as cppflags= '-i/usr/local/libjpeg/include-i/usr/local/libpng/include ' (man cpp for more).
Cppflags =

# Linker options and linker ld How to use, such as Ldflags =-l/var/xxx/lib-l/opt/mysql/lib-wl,r/var/xxx/lib-wl,r/opt/mysql/lib
Ldflags =

# Source Files Directory
# If not specified, only the current directory would be serached.
Srcdirs =


# executable file name
# If not specified, the current directory name or ' a.out ' would be used.
program =

# # Implicit section: Modify if necessary
##==========================================================================

# source file type (headers excluded).
#. C is a C language file and the others are C + + files.
Srcexts =. C. C. cc. cpp. CPP. C + +. Cxx. CP

# header File Type
Hdrexts =. H. H. HH. hpp. HPP h++. hxx. HP

# pre-compiler and compiler options
# users can override these variables in the command line U
CFLAGS =
# cxxflags=-std=c++0x
cxxflags=
# C Program Compiler
CC = gcc

# C + + program compiler
CXX = g++

# Uncomment the following line, C program will be compiled as C + +
#CC = $ (CXX)

# Delete File command
RM = Rm-f

Etags = Etags
Etagsflags =

CTAGS = CTAGS
Ctagsflags =

# # Stable section: Generally no change is required. But you can add more
##===================================================================== =====
SHELL =/bin/sh
EMPTY =
SPACE = $ (empty) $ (empty)
Ifeq ($ (program),
Cur_path_names = $ (subst/,$ (S PACE), $ (subst $ (SPACE), _,$ (CURDIR)))
Program = $ (Word $ (words $ (cur_path_names)), $ (cur_path_names))
Ifeq ($ ( Program),
program = a.out
endif
endif
ifeq ($ (srcdirs),)
Srcdirs =.
endif
SOURCES = $ (foreach d,$ (srcdirs), $ (wildcard $ (Addprefix $ (d)/*,$ (srcexts)))
HEADERS = $ (foreach d,$ ( Srcdirs), $ (wildcard $ (Addprefix $ (d)/*,$ (hdrexts))))
Src_cxx = $ (filter-out%.c,$ (SOURCES))
Objs = $ (addsuffix. O, $ (basename $ (SOURCES)))
DEPS = $ (OBJS:.O=.D)

# # define some useful variables
dep_opt = $ (Shell if ' $ (CC)--version | grep "GCC" >/dev/null "; then \
echo "-MM-MP"; else echo "-M"; FI)
DEPEND = $ (CC) $ (dep_opt) $ (my_cflags) $ (CFLAGS) $ (cppflags)
DEPEND.D = $ (Subst-g,, $ (DEPEND))
compile.c = $ (CC) $ (my_cflags) $ (CFLAGS) $ (cppflags)-C
Compile.cxx = $ (cxx) $ (my_cflags) $ (cxxflags) $ (cppflags)-C
LINK.C = $ (CC) $ (my_cflags) $ (CFLAGS) $ (cppflags) $ (ldflags)
Link.cxx = $ (cxx) $ (my_cflags) $ (cxxflags) $ (cppflags) $ (ldflags)

. Phony:all objs Tags ctags clean distclean help Show

# Remove some of the default suffixes
. Suffixes:

All: $ (program)

# Create a rule with dependent files (. d).
#------------------------------------------

%.d:%.c
@echo-N $ (dir {1}lt;) > [Email protected]
@$ (DEPEND.D) {1}lt; >> [email protected]

%.d:%. C
@echo-N $ (dir {1}lt;) > [Email protected]
@$ (DEPEND.D) {1}lt; >> [email protected]

%.d:%.cc
@echo-N $ (dir {1}lt;) > [Email protected]
@$ (DEPEND.D) {1}lt; >> [email protected]

%.d:%.cpp
@echo-N $ (dir {1}lt;) > [Email protected]
@$ (DEPEND.D) {1}lt; >> [email protected]

%.d:%. Cpp
@echo-N $ (dir {1}lt;) > [Email protected]
@$ (DEPEND.D) {1}lt; >> [email protected]

%.d:%.c++
@echo-N $ (dir {1}lt;) > [Email protected]
@$ (DEPEND.D) {1}lt; >> [email protected]

%.d:%.cp
@echo-N $ (dir {1}lt;) > [Email protected]
@$ (DEPEND.D) {1}lt; >> [email protected]

%.d:%.cxx
@echo-N $ (dir {1}lt;) > [Email protected]
@$ (DEPEND.D) {1}lt; >> [email protected]

# The rule (. O) that generated the target file.
#----------------------------------------
objs:$ (OBJS)

%.o:%.c
$ (compile.c) {1}lt; -O [email protected]

%.o:%. C
$ (compile.cxx) {1}lt; -O [email protected]

%.o:%.cc
$ (compile.cxx) {1}lt; -O [email protected]

%.o:%.cpp
$ (compile.cxx) {1}lt; -O [email protected]

%.o:%. Cpp
$ (compile.cxx) {1}lt; -O [email protected]

%.o:%.c++
$ (compile.cxx) {1}lt; -O [email protected]

%.o:%.cp
$ (compile.cxx) {1}lt; -O [email protected]

%.o:%.cxx
$ (compile.cxx) {1}lt; -O [email protected]

# Create rules for tags.
#-------------------------------------
Tags: $ (HEADERS) $ (SOURCES)
$ (etags) $ (etagsflags) $ (HEADERS) $ (SOURCES)

Ctags: $ (HEADERS) $ (SOURCES)
$ (CTAGS) $ (ctagsflags) $ (HEADERS) $ (SOURCES)

# Generate rules for executable.
#-------------------------------------
$ (Program): $ (OBJS)
Ifeq ($ (Src_cxx),) # C Program
$ (LINK.C) $ (OBJS) $ (my_libs)-o [email protected]
@echo Type./[email protected] to execute the program.
else # C + + program
$ (link.cxx) $ (OBJS) $ (my_libs)-o [email protected]
@echo Type./[email protected] to execute the program.
endif

# TANG MODIFY START
#ifndef NODEP
Ifdef NODEP
# TANG MODIFY END
Ifneq ($ (DEPS),)
Sinclude $ (DEPS)
endif
endif

Clean
$ (RM) $ (OBJS) $ (program) $ (program). exe

Distclean:clean
$ (RM) $ (DEPS) TAGS
#############################################################################

##############################################################################
# Display Help
Assist:
@echo ' Generic Makefile for C + + Programs (gcmakefile) version 0.5 '
@echo ' Copyright (C) + Whyglinux <[email&nbs P;protected]> '
@echo
@echo ' usage:make [TARGET] '
@echo ' TARGETS: '
@echo ' All (=make) compile and link .‘
@echo ' nodep=yes make without generating dependencies. '
@echo ' Objs compile only (no linking). '
@echo ' tags create tags for Emacs editor. '
@echo ' ctags create ctags for VI editor. '
@echo ' Clean clean objects and the executable file. '
@echo ' Distclean clean objects, the executable and dependencies. '
@echo ' Show show variables (for debug with only). '
@echo ' help print this message. '
@echo
@echo ' report bugs to <whyglinux at Gmail DOT com>. '

# Display variables (for debugging purposes only)
Show
@echo ' program: ' $ (program)
@echo ' Srcdirs: ' $ (srcdirs)
@echo ' HEADERS: ' $ (HEADERS)
@echo ' SOURCES: ' $ (SOURCES)
@echo ' Src_cxx: ' $ (src_cxx)
@echo ' OBJS: ' $ (OBJS)
@echo ' DEPS: ' $ (DEPS)
@echo ' DEPEND: ' $ (DEPEND)
@echo ' compile.c: ' $ (compile.c)
@echo ' Compile.cxx: ' $ (compile.cxx)
@echo ' LINK.C: ' $ (LINK.C)
@echo ' Link.cxx: ' $ (link.cxx)
#############################################################################

Linux Makefile (Chinese version 1)

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