_ FILE _: a PHP magic constant. It returns the complete path and FILE name of the currently executed PHP script, including an absolute path.
1) the dirname (_ FILE _) function returns the path of the script. Update network
For example, the document B. php contains the following content:
$ Basedir = dirname (_ FILE __);
Echo $ basedir
// An absolute path of the file will be printed on the page!
The result of my test is: E: websiteothertestcms.
This is equivalent to the usage of server. mappth in the asp tutorial.
If B. php is referenced by the. php file require or include in another directory. The content of the variable $ basedir is still the path of the folder where B. php is located. Instead of the directory where the. Php file is located.
2) dirname (_ FILE _) usually returns a directory structure from the current directory of the FILE to the root directory of the system.
The current file name is not returned. Dirname (_ FILE _) may also return a. (current directory) [This is because the B. php FILE is in the default WEB directory where http. conf or PHP is used to configure the development environment.
Several PHP "magic constants"
The current row number in the _ LINE _ file.
The complete path and FILE name of The _ FILE. If it is used in a include file, the include file name is returned. Starting from PHP 4.0.2, __file _ always contains an absolute path, while earlier versions sometimes contain a relative path.
_ FUNCTION name (new in PHP 4.3.0 ). Starting from PHP 5, this constant returns the name (case sensitive) when the function is defined ). In PHP 4, the value is always lowercase letters.
_ CLASS name (new in PHP 4.3.0 ). Starting from PHP 5, this constant returns the name (case sensitive) when the class is defined ). In PHP 4, the value is always lowercase letters.
_ METHOD _ class METHOD name (new PHP 5.0.0 ). Returns the name (case sensitive) when the method is defined)