.NET下對二進位檔案進行加密解密(C#)

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上載者:User
二進位|加密|解密

下面的類實現了檔案的加密和解密操作,實驗了幾種檔案類型均沒有問題,現在和大家共用一下。

namespace MyCryptoHelp
{
 /// <summary>
 /// 異常處理類
 /// </summary>
 public class CryptoHelpException : ApplicationException
 {
  public CryptoHelpException(string msg):base(msg){}
 }

 /// <summary>
 /// CryptHelp
 /// </summary>
 public class CryptoHelp
 {
  private const ulong FC_TAG = 0xFC010203040506CF;

  private const int BUFFER_SIZE = 128*1024;
  
  /// <summary>
  /// 檢驗兩個Byte數組是否相同
  /// </summary>
  /// <param name="b1">Byte數組</param>
  /// <param name="b2">Byte數組</param>
  /// <returns>true-相等</returns>
  private static bool CheckByteArrays(byte[] b1, byte[] b2)
  {
   if(b1.Length == b2.Length)
   {
    for(int i = 0; i < b1.Length; ++i)
    {
     if(b1[i] != b2[i])
      return false;
    }
    return true;
   }
   return false;
  }

  /// <summary>
  /// 建立Rijndael SymmetricAlgorithm
  /// </summary>
  /// <param name="password">密碼</param>
  /// <param name="salt"></param>
  /// <returns>加密對象</returns>
  private static SymmetricAlgorithm CreateRijndael(string password, byte[] salt)
  {
   PasswordDeriveBytes pdb = new PasswordDeriveBytes(password,salt,"SHA256",1000);
   
   SymmetricAlgorithm sma = Rijndael.Create();
   sma.KeySize = 256;
   sma.Key = pdb.GetBytes(32);
   sma.Padding = PaddingMode.PKCS7;
   return sma;
  }

  /// <summary>
  /// 加密檔案隨機數產生
  /// </summary>
  private static RandomNumberGenerator rand = new RNGCryptoServiceProvider();

  /// <summary>
  /// 產生指定長度的隨機Byte數組
  /// </summary>
  /// <param name="count">Byte數組長度</param>
  /// <returns>隨機Byte數組</returns>
  private static byte[] GenerateRandomBytes(int count)
  {
   byte[] bytes = new byte[count];
   rand.GetBytes(bytes);
   return bytes;
  }

  /// <summary>
  /// 加密檔案
  /// </summary>
  /// <param name="inFile">待加密檔案</param>
  /// <param name="outFile">加密後輸入檔案</param>
  /// <param name="password">加密密碼</param>
  public static void EncryptFile(string inFile, string outFile, string password)
  {
   using(FileStream fin = File.OpenRead(inFile),
       fout = File.OpenWrite(outFile))
   {
    long lSize = fin.Length; // 輸入檔案長度
    int size = (int)lSize;
    byte[] bytes = new byte[BUFFER_SIZE]; // 緩衝
    int read = -1; // 輸入檔案讀取數量
    int value = 0;
    
    // 擷取IV和salt
    byte[] IV = GenerateRandomBytes(16);
    byte[] salt = GenerateRandomBytes(16);
    
    // 建立加密對象
    SymmetricAlgorithm sma = CryptoHelp.CreateRijndael(password, salt);
    sma.IV = IV;   
    
    // 在輸出檔案開始部分寫入IV和salt
    fout.Write(IV,0,IV.Length);
    fout.Write(salt,0,salt.Length);
    
    // 建立散列加密
    HashAlgorithm hasher = SHA256.Create();
    using(CryptoStream cout = new CryptoStream(fout,sma.CreateEncryptor(),CryptoStreamMode.Write),
        chash = new CryptoStream(Stream.Null,hasher,CryptoStreamMode.Write))
    {
     BinaryWriter bw = new BinaryWriter(cout);
     bw.Write(lSize);
     
     bw.Write(FC_TAG);

     // 讀寫位元組塊到加密流緩衝區
     while( (read = fin.Read(bytes,0,bytes.Length)) != 0 )
     {
      cout.Write(bytes,0,read);
      chash.Write(bytes,0,read); 
      value += read;
     }
     // 關閉加密流
     chash.Flush();
     chash.Close();

     // 讀取散列
     byte[] hash = hasher.Hash;
     
     // 輸入檔案寫入散列
     cout.Write(hash,0,hash.Length);

     // 關閉檔案流
     cout.Flush();
     cout.Close();
    }
   }
  }

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