Java中用Servlet容器實現程式監聽

來源:互聯網
上載者:User
servlet|程式


分兩步走:(1). 實現 javax.servlet.ServletContextListener 介面的兩個方法:contextInitialized()和contextDestroyed() contextInitialized():當Servlet容器啟動時會執行 contextDestroyed():當Servlet容器停止時會執行(2). 在contextInitialized()中加入需要監聽的程式,並由 java.util.Timer 的 schedule() 方法來控制監聽程式執行的頻率

DEMO(這是我的一個簡訊回覆監聽的程式原型,精簡了一下)

----------------------------------------------------------------ReplyListener.java----------------------------------------------------------------

package com.hanweb.jcms;

import javax.servlet.*;

public class ReplyListener implements ServletContextListener {  private ReplyTimer rt = null;  public void contextInitialized(ServletContextEvent event) {    String status = "[SYS] SMS reply listener start .";    event.getServletContext().log(status);    System.out.println(status);

    rt = new ReplyTimer(1);    rt.start();  }

  public void contextDestroyed(ServletContextEvent event) {    String status = "[SYS] SMS reply listener stop .";    event.getServletContext().log(status);    System.out.println(status);

    if (rt != null) {      rt.stop();    }  }}

----------------------------------------------------------------ReplyTimer.java----------------------------------------------------------------

package com.hanweb.jcms;

import java.util.*;

public class ReplyTimer {  private final Timer timer = new Timer();  private final int min;

  public ReplyTimer(int minutes) {    min = minutes;  }

  public void start() {    Date date = new Date();    timer.schedule(new ReplyTask(), date, min * 60 * 1000);  }

  public void stop() {    timer.cancel();  }}

----------------------------------------------------------------ReplyTask.java----------------------------------------------------------------

package com.hanweb.jcms;

import java.util.*;

public class ReplyTask extends TimerTask {  public void doSomething() {    System.out.println("[SYS] SMS reply listener running ");  }

  public void run() {    doSomething();  }}

將編譯好的class檔案放入WEB-INF/classes中,最後別忘記了在Servlet容器中當前WEB應用的web.xml中加入監聽語句:

 <listener> <listener-class>com.hanweb.jcms.ReplyListener</listener-class> </listener>




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