Apple Mac OS x System 13-Year vision change history

Source: Internet
Author: User
Tags macbook

1MAC OS 91 Common desktop operating systems

After several beta versions, Apple finally officially announced OS X 10.10 Yosemite os. Apple says the 11th edition of OS X is the biggest change in visual performance since its inception in 2001. So, is that really the case? Let's take a look at the history of OS X systems.

Apple Mac OS x System 13-Year vision change history

Earlier versions of OS X were coded for large cats inside Apple computers, such as the 10.0 version of Cheetah (Cheetah), and the 10.1 version codenamed Puma (Cougar). After the 10.2 version of Apple's product market, Apple publicly used his cat name as the product branding system and as a system version abbreviation. Mac OS X v10.2 is named Jaguar (Jaguar), and 10.3 is similarly named Panther (Panther). In 2011, Apple launched OS X Lion, changed the naming rules, removed the Mac typeface and version number in the official name of the product, and launched OS X Mountain Lion in 2012. Now that the cat name is about to run out, WWDC 2013 on the OS X Mavericks, Craig Federighi joked that OS X 10.9 was considered named OS X Sea Lion, but given the difficulty of renaming in the future, the system was named Mavericks, A surf resort in Northern California. He then announced that over the next 10 years Apple would use the name of a California attraction named for the development team as a system code name.

· Mac OS 9:
Date: 1999

Mac OS 9 operating system released in 1999 (Image from Internet)

Prior to OS X, the 1999 release of Mac OS 9 looked like a normal desktop operating system. And has now been affectionately referred to by fans as the "classic" Mac OS. It is a transitional version between Mac OS 8 and Mac OS X, and Mac OS 9 was released in 1999, with a total of 7 versions, up to the end of the 2001 release of Mac OS 9.2.2. In 1998, Apple CEO Steve Jobs released the operating system path until Mac OS X (Carbon) and decided to release system updates every six months until Mac OS X, while the Mac OS 9 Series was the last Mac OS family of the system route. Jobs later put on a black suit for Mac OS 9 's "Funeral" at a press conference, and Apple stopped OS 9 later.

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· Mac OS X 10.0--cheetah (Cheetah)

Date: March 2001

The epoch-making OS X 10.0 was released in 2001 with an internal codenamed Cheetah (Cheetah), marked with a new chapter in Apple's operating system. It was released five years after Steve Jobs returned to Apple, inheriting the NeXTSTEP technology of next, which Steve Jobs started when he left Apple, based on the Darwin system, and has been used by Apple so far.

MAC OS x versions of the box illustrations (images from the Internet)

OS X 10.0 brings a whole new user interface to the user, named Aqua. As the name implies, the design concept of the new system has been affected by the "water", and has brought the iconic translucent window and the color of the program control button. The well-known display launcher Dock also appears starting with OS X 10.0.

Cheetah's launch is a big challenge for Apple, which has raised a lot of requirements (at least 128MB RAM) for system configuration, and has been complaining about compatibility, stability, and performance early on. Cheetah runs slowly, with fewer users, but it is the first finished product after Apple rebuilt Mac OS after a 5-year failed attempt. It relies heavily on network paths to access server tools.

· Mac OS X 10.1--puma (Cougar)

Date: September 2001

After OS X 10.0 was released six months later, Apple launched the next version of OS X 10.1 Puma (Cougar). This version of the system is specifically designed to address the various issues that OX X 10.0 brings, improves performance and stability, and supports DVD playback, network protocols without any configuration, color management APIs, scanner and camera photo import programs, and more. With 10.0 of bad word-of-mouth, Apple introduced a free upgrade CD for 10.0 of users, a boxed version of \$129 USD for people running Mac OS 9 only.

· Mac OS X 10.2--jaguar (Jaguar)

Date: August 2002

OS X Jaguar (Jaguar), officially launched on August 24, 2002, is the first sales version with a formal code name, meaning it is not limited to digital changes. In addition to the usual performance and stability improvements, 10.2 was the first to include Apple's email client with spam filtering and the ichat Instant Messaging client, plus a system-wide contact management (Address Book), a generic QuickTime 6 player and support for MPEG 4, plus a global search box and the ability to add accessibility services to the maximum. Finally, it marks the end of 20 years of Apple's original "Happy Mac" logo and enables the replacement of the standard Apple logo.

· Mac OS X 10.3--panther (Panther)

Date: October 2003

Expose Windows Manager in Mac OS X 10.3 (images from the Internet)

Panther (Panther) met with the user on October 24, 2003 with a newer UI. It has been specially adapted to match the color of the system with Apple's metal-brushed textured and anodized aluminum hardware notebook products. In addition, in OS X 10.3 Panther, the famous Expose window manager (trackpad four point swipe) also debuts, giving users a new tool to quickly switch between different windows. In addition, IChat AV adds support for video and audio conferencing, full system font manager, interoperability with Windows systems, and improved PDF rendering performance. Zip support has also been added to document editing such as Find and TextEdit, and in Panther Safari has completely replaced Microsoft IE as the default browser for OS X systems.

· Mac OS X 10.4--tiger (Tiger)

Date: April 2005

April 29, 2005, Mac OS X 10.4 Tiger came out and brought a lot of new tools. Includes Safari integrated RSS feeds, smart Folders and mailboxes, Automator Robot Workflow Creation tool, voiceover voice helper, dashboard small application interface, Print Engine add create PDF feature, refine QuickTime engine, Intel mac support, system catalogs and dictionaries, support for 64-bit address space and partial support for 64-bit processors, core image and core Video API accelerated rendering, core Data API. Spotlight Desktop Quick Search appears for the first time in this generation of operating systems, where users can quickly search for what they want in their network and email. On the UI changes, 10.4 unifies the menu textures for tasks and toolbars.

Spotlight Quick Search in Mac OS X 10.4 first appears (image from Internet)

OS X 10.4 Tiger sold 2 million copies in six weeks, and is also the longest sales cycle, lasting 30 months. At the beginning of 2006, Tiger became the first OS X system version to support Intel processors, with an intel® PowerPC processor for up to 10 years. And with Rosetta, Apple can start transitioning to Intel technology, allowing OS X systems to have good compatibility with older Intel processor computers.

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· Mac OS X 10.5--leopard (Jaguar)

Date: October 2007

Mac OS X v10.5 "Leopard" was announced at the World Developers Conference on June 6, 2005. But in fact it was not officially released until October 26, 2007, allowing users to wait for more than two years (with the idea that Apple was all focused on the iphone), but Apple still said 10.5 was worth the wait. The visual effects of Leopard bring great changes, it introduced the cover flow in the Finder, redesigned the dock, the menu bar with transparent effect instead of the original metal texture style, and changed the default desktop background color.

The Magic Time Machine in Mac OS X 10.5 debut (image from the Internet)

Functionally, leopard also brings in more than 300 improvements, the time Machine Backup utility is the debut, allows users to create multiple "virtual desktops" or "spaces", and allows users to switch between these "desktops". Fully supports 64-bit processors, Quick look previews, stacks navigation files in the dock, Boot Camp allows Intel processor-based Mac computers to run Windows, Sync Mail and ical, mai add support for RSS feeds, Guest user security, Application-level firewalls, kernel-level sandbox protection, and PowerPC hardware and Mac OS Classic environments are no longer supported. Leopard also allows the Intel processor-based Mac computer to run the Windows system for the first time. Since then, a dual system of Mac OS X and Windows has started appearing on many users ' Macs.

· Mac OS X 10.6--snow Leopard (Snow Leopard)

Date: August 2009

After 15 years of support for Intel PowerPC, Apple introduced the snow Leopard (Snow Leopard) in 2009 and completely abandoned its support for PowerPC. The system was announced by Apple CEO Steve Jobs on June 9, 2008 at WWDC, which will be launched "about a year" from the start of the announcement. The upgraded version is available in both personal and home editions and can be used by three PCs for the home Edition. Most system-bundled presets are rewritten to improve efficiency and performance, and the requirements for system installation space are significantly reduced, and the base installation package is 7GB less than the previous generation of leopard.

Mission Control interface in Mac OS X 10.7 (images from the Internet)

· Mac OS X 10.7--lion (Lion)

Date: July 2011

Apple's mobile iphone and ipad are now very popular, and OS X 10.7 Lion, launched in 2011, uses a series of features to make iOS users feel at home. Lion's biggest change was the introduction of a grid-like picture arrangement (Launchpad) similar to the iOS system, and added full-screen mode to allow users to run applications in a separate space outside the desktop. At the same time, from iphone 4, users can start to make FaceTime calls directly with Mac users, and the App Store Mac App Store is officially unveiled. It also includes AirDrop, Mission Control, FileVault full disk encryption, auto-hide scrollbars, ASLR boot security technology, push notification service, and more. It is worth noting that the last version of Lion 10.7.5 updates the MacBook Pro that supports the Retina display .

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· OS X 10.8--mountain Lion (mountain lion)

Date: July 2012

Like leopard and snow Leopard, OS X 10.8 Mountain Lion is a refinement and addition to the previous generation of lion, with a focus on interoperability between different devices. An integrated icloud service, for example, allows users to transfer files directly between iOS and Mac devices. In addition, the game Center, the integration of Facebook and Twitter social services, Airplay screen mirroring, Notes, reminders, and so on are the first in the OS X system, these applications are mostly from iOS. The original ichat was renamed Imessages and could be imessages with the iOS system. In addition, Apple redesigned the dock tray at the bottom of the screen to change the original glass tray and circular run indicator to metal trays and square LEDs.

A lot of iOS-sourced apps first appeared in OS X 10.8 (images from the Internet)

· OS X 10.9--mavericks:

Date: June 2013

Apple has changed the naming rules of the system starting with OS X 10.9, saying goodbye to cats, naming the next-generation system mavericks, a place of interest in California, and will use the sights to name it later. But despite the new name, this generation system is also functionally perfect. The iOS 7 operating system was also released with OS X 10.9 mavericks, while 10.9 also began to draw some lessons from the flat style of iOS 7, but the overall style remained the same.

On the relationship feature, OS X 10.9 further integrates icloud, joins the Cloud Keychain Access feature, and optimizes support for multiple displays. The system also joins the ibooks ebook feature and the same map program as iOS, with the Finder adding tabs and tabbed browsing modes. While the system offers Safari 7 and itunes 11.1, as well as the application of new technologies to reduce flash and CPU usage and reduce power consumption, power NAP enables Mac computers to back up and receive e-mail when they sleep. Apple says all of its old products can be extended for up to one hours. Mavericks has some minor user interface tweaks compared to mountain lion. Available free of charge starting from 10.22 days. Computers that support OS X Lion can be upgraded free of charge by Mac OS X v10.6.8.

Of course, the most exciting for Apple fans is that the Mavericks system is open to users for free, and any device running Snow Leopard or later can be upgraded free of charge from the Mac App store. Customers who purchase pre-assembled Mavericks systems also receive a free iwork office kit. This will undoubtedly give Microsoft a hard blow.

· OS X 10.10--yosemite:

Date: June 2014

Yosemite enables a high degree of integration between Mac and mobile devices (image from Apple website)

OS X 10.10 was published in WWDC 2014 in the autumn October 16 with the 5k resolution display imac officially launched, "Yosemite" a California Yosemite National Park. Apple claims it was the biggest visual change since the release of OS X in 13, and has completely flattened its way through the system style. With a highly unified iOS 8 system, Yosemite has finally redrawn a variety of application icons for many years, and the window style of the program has been redesigned, which can really be called the biggest change. Functionally, OS X Yosemite brings new notification hubs, new spotlight and Safari 8, support for texting on Mac, phone calls to iphone, multi-device continuity and any file icloud storage, etc. Further increased the icloud ecosystem to a new level, enabling a high degree of integration between Mac computers and mobile devices. This generation of OS X 10.10 is still free and users can update it from the Mac App store.

Written at the end:

from 1999 to 2014, we can see that today's very stable and well-developed OS X system, is also a bit of continuous improvement. In the system interface also experienced a small change, of course, it has become more and more beautiful. In the same way, OS X has become more popular thanks to the complete ecological chain. The more recent Mac viruses have been able to explain to some extent that Apple's OS X system is gaining in popularity and is the strongest rival to Microsoft's Windows operating system. Finally quoted an official Apple slogan, "Mac is Mac,os x." ”

Apple Mac OS x System 13-Year vision change history

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