Cron job timed tasks in Go combat--golang (Robfig/cron and Jasonlvhit/gocron)

Source: Internet
Author: User
This is a creation in Article, where the information may have evolved or changed.

Life goes on and on go Go go!!!

Today, we share with you the task of doing timed tasks in Golang, mainly about the use of open source libraries on two GitHub.

Linux under Crontab

The crontab command is commonly used in Unix-and Unix-like operating systems to set instructions that are executed periodically. The command reads the instruction from the standard input device and stores it in a "crontab" file for later reading and execution. The word derives from the Greek language Chronos (Χρόνος), which was originally meant to be time.

Typically, crontab stored instructions are activated by the daemon, Crond often run in the background, checking every minute for scheduled jobs to be executed. This type of work is generally called cron jobs.

The crontab file contains a series of jobs and instructions sent to the cron daemon. Each user can have their own crontab file, while the operating system holds a crontab file for the entire system, which is usually stored in subdirectories under/etc or/etc, and this file can only be modified by the system administrator.
Each line of the crontab file follows a specific format, separated by a space or tab into several realms, each of which can place a single or multiple numeric values.

Install Crontab:

install crontabs



Shut down:



service crond restart


service crond reload

View Status:

service crond status

Editing tasks:


To view tasks:




Time-sharing day and month command to run

Operation Symbols
The method of filling in multiple values in an area:
Comma (', ') separated values, for example: "1,3,4,7,8"
The conjunctions ('-') specify the range of values, for example: "1-6", meaning "1,2,3,4,5,6"
The asterisk (' * ') represents any possible value. For example, asterisks in the "hour field" are "every one hours," and so on.
The extended version of some cron programs also supports the slash ('/') operator, which is used to indicate skipping some given number. For example, "*/3" in the Hour field equals "0,3,6,9,12,15,18,21" and so on is divisible by 3 number;

Execute the command once per minute:

* * ** * yourCommand

Execution of the 2nd and 10 minutes per hour:

* ** * yourCommand

Every day from 9 o'clock in the morning to 12 in the 2nd and 10 minutes of execution:

* * * yourCommand

Every two days from 9 o'clock in the morning to 12 in the 2nd and 10 minutes of the execution:

*/2 * * yourCommand

Every Monday 9 o'clock in the morning to 12 2nd and 10 minutes of execution:

* * 1 yourCommand



get -u

Execute once per minute:

package mainimport (    "log"    "")func main() {    i := 0    c := cron.New()    "0 */1 * * * *"    func() {        i++        log.Println("execute per second", i)    })    c.Start()    select {}}

Note the use of select:
The function of the Golang Select, similar to the Select, poll, Epoll, is to listen to the IO operation and trigger the corresponding action when the IO operation occurs.

Every day from 9 o'clock in the morning to 12 in the 2nd and 10 minutes of execution:

package mainimport (    "fmt"    "")func main() {    "2,10 9-12 * * *"// 每天上午9点到12点的第2和第10分钟执行    c := cron.New()    c.AddFunc(spec, myFunc)    c.Start()    select {}}func myFunc() {    fmt.Println("execute")}



get -u

Perform a task every 1 seconds, performing another task every 4 seconds:

 PackageMainImport("FMT"    "Time"    "")funcTask () {FMT. Println ("I am runnning task.", time. Now ())}funcSuperwang () {fmt. Println ("I am runnning superwang.", time. Now ())}funcMain () {s: = Gocron. Newscheduler () s.every(1). Seconds (). Do (Task) s.every(4). Seconds (). Do (Superwang) SC: = S.start ()//Keep the channel    GoTest (S, SC)//Wait<-sc//It'll happens if the channel is closed}funcTest (S *gocron. Scheduler, SCChan BOOL) {time. Sleep(8* Time. Second) S.remove (Task)//remove TaskTime. Sleep(8* Time. Second) s.clear () fmt. Println ("All task removed")Close(SC)//Close the channel}

Related Article

Contact Us

The content source of this page is from Internet, which doesn't represent Alibaba Cloud's opinion; products and services mentioned on that page don't have any relationship with Alibaba Cloud. If the content of the page makes you feel confusing, please write us an email, we will handle the problem within 5 days after receiving your email.

If you find any instances of plagiarism from the community, please send an email to: and provide relevant evidence. A staff member will contact you within 5 working days.

A Free Trial That Lets You Build Big!

Start building with 50+ products and up to 12 months usage for Elastic Compute Service

  • Sales Support

    1 on 1 presale consultation

  • After-Sales Support

    24/7 Technical Support 6 Free Tickets per Quarter Faster Response

  • Alibaba Cloud offers highly flexible support services tailored to meet your exact needs.