Full Ubuntu knowledge tutorial

Source: Internet
Author: User
Ubuntu is pronounced in the languages of Zulu and Kosa in Africa, where the oo-boon-too sound occurs. Understanding pronunciation makes sense. You are not the first person to be confused about it. Of course, it is not the last one. Most Americans use u as the vowel when reading ubuntu, similar to the word "who" or "boo", the stress is on the second syllable, that is, u'buntu, oo-boon-too. If you like the sub-Saharan region, you like it in its sultry gentleness, fantastic silience, and the wide and unrestrained pronunciation of Ubuntu.
Ubuntu, originated from the languages of African Zulu and cosa people, generates the oo-boon-too sound. Understanding pronunciation makes sense. You are not the first person to be confused about it. Of course, it will not be the last one :)
When reading ubuntu, most Americans pronounce u as a vowel, similar to the word "who" or "boo". The accent is on the second syllable: u 'buntu, oo-boon-too.
If you like the sub-Saharan region, like its suffocating gentleness, fantastic silent loneliness, and the arrogant and unrestrained distance, you can bring some buzz behind the first u: oom-boon-too.
Ubuntu Chinese pronunciation: wubantu
Ubuntu meaning
Ubuntu is a word from Africa, meaning "Team Spirit" -- no one is an isolated island. Everyone is pregnant with humans. Because of the existence of others, others are happy.
Current Ubuntu version
Ubuntu Linux v6.06 LTS (Dapper Drake)
LTS: Long Term Support
Dapper Drake: development code of the current version
Ubuntu features
Ubuntu is fully based on the Linux operating system and can be supported by communities and professional institutions for free. A huge community is a fertile ground for its growth. Please open up to this kind of enthusiasm.
Ubuntu community adheres to the Ubuntu philosophy: Freedom! Software should be free and respect the free will of mankind, and there should be no separation between it and humanity. Local languages, functional limitations, and self-improvement rights ...... It should not be an obstacle or a burden for use.
Freedom makes Ubuntu fundamentally different from traditional private software: Free can not be used to block shame, and you have the right to correct it until you are satisfied.
Ubuntu is suitable for desktops and servers. The current Ubuntu version supports PC (Intel x86), 64-bit PC (AMD64), and PowerPC (Apple iBook, Powerbook, G4, and G5) architectures.
Ubuntu contains more than 16,000 types of software, but the core desktop system has only one CD. Ubuntu covers all desktop applications, from text processing, workbooks are available to web servers and development and design environments. For more information, see Ubuntu Desktop and Ubuntu server.
Main features of Ubuntu compared with other Linux releases
Use the APT package Management System Based On Debian/Linux.
Compared with Fedora Code: the APT package management system elegantly solves the dependency problem and can be easily installed and upgraded online.
Compared with Debian, Debian is more conservative in software updates.
Compared with Gentoo, this tool does not require compilation, which is effort-saving, time-saving, and worry-free.
Basic operations
Enter System
Enter your username in the logon interface, and the system will ask you your password
Enter your password, press enter, and wait for you to enter the Ubuntu system.
Click the icon in the upper left corner of the desktop to open a menu (or use Alt + F1)
To exit the system, click this icon.
The startup bar on the top of the desktop contains the startup icons of some common programs, which can also be found in the Start Menu.
Now click the FireFox icon, you can use the FireFox browser to surf
Or press the Alt + F2 key combination to bring up a Run Command dialog box. Enter firefox and press enter to start FireFox.
Find the terminal in the menu
Click it to open a terminal window. You can run commands in the terminal window.
You can also enter commands in the console. Use Ctrl + Alt + [F1 ~ F6], you can switch to 1 ~ Console 6
Use Ctrl + Alt + F7 to return to the GUI (you can use Ctrl + Alt + BackSpace to close the GUI)
Command Line prompt
User @ ubuntu :~ $ Is the command prompt, and the part before @ is the current user ID, the part between @ And: is your host name, and the part between: and $ is the current path.
Exit System
You can click this icon to exit the system.
You can also enter commands on the terminal or console.
Sudo halt
The system will ask you the password and enter the correct password to exit the system.
In subsequent sections, If We prompt you to enter a command, you can enter it in the terminal or in the console. If you only start the application, you can also use the Alt + F2 key combination.
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