LeetCode -- Roman to Integer, Roman numerals

Source: Internet
Author: User

LeetCode -- Roman to Integer, Roman numerals

This topic is very simple. If you don't know the relationship between numbers and Roman numerals, you won't be able to start.

Principles and ideas: the Roman numerals have the following symbols:
Basic Characters I V X L C D M
Corresponding to Arabic numerals 1 5 10 50 100 500 1000

Counting rule: Second, the rule for the conversion of Roman numerals to Arabic numerals (limited to less than 3999): traverse the roman numerals from the front to the back. If a number is smaller than the previous one, add this number. Otherwise, double the previous number and add this number.

Code scheme:
import java.util.Map;import java.util.HashMap;public class Solution {    public int romanToInt(String s) { Map<Character,Integer> map=new HashMap<Character,Integer>();map.put('I', 1);map.put('V', 5);map.put('X', 10);map.put('L', 50);map.put('C', 100);map.put('D', 500);map.put('M', 1000);        int i, total, pre, cur;          total = map.get(s.charAt(0));            for (i = 1; i < s.length(); i++) {              pre = map.get(s.charAt(i - 1));              cur = map.get(s.charAt(i));                if (cur <= pre) {                  total += cur;              } else {                  total = total - pre * 2 + cur;              }          }            return total;    }}

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