PHP rounding, rounding, round functions using example _php instances

Source: Internet
Author: User
Decimal Example:

PHP reserved two decimal places and rounded

Copy the Code code as follows:
$n = 0.1265489;
Echo sprintf ("%.2f", $n); 0.13

As you can see, we used the sprintf function to format the $n%.2f is the target format, where 2 means that two-bit f means float (floating-point) 3rd is a decimal 6 is rounded
Let's look at an example.

Copy the Code code as follows:
$n =0.1265489
Echo substr (sprintf ("%.3", $n), 0,-1);//0.12

The code outputs a reserved 2 for decimals without rounding, in fact we understand that the sprintf feature will round the decimal number after we reserve a bit, and then use SUBSTR to intercept the first 2 bits

Take the whole example:

Copy the Code code as follows:
Echo ceil (4.1); 5
echo ceil (9.999); 10

The Ceil function is to take the whole function upward, what is it called upward? That means if it goes a little bit, go ahead. A 4.1 becomes 5 in the example.

On the contrary, there's a function called floor, and we'll look at its usage.

Copy the Code code as follows:
Echo Floor (4.1); 4
echo Floor (9.999); 9

The floor's characteristics are particularly evident in the second output, which is that no number of decimals is given to you, even if it is infinitely close to 10, and the integer that is not taken down is 9.

Round function

Copy the Code code as follows:
<? Php
Echo round (3.4); 3
Echo round (3.5); 4
Echo round (3.6); 4
Echo Round (3.6, 0); 4
Echo Round (1.95583, 2); 1.96
Echo Round (1241757,-3); 1242000
Echo Round (5.045, 2); 5.05
Echo Round (5.055, 2); 5.06

The description of the round function in the PHP manual is:

Float round (float $val [, int $precision = 0 [, int $mode = php_round_half_up]])
Returns the result of rounding Val based on the specified precision precision (number of digits after decimal point). Precision can also be negative or 0 (the default value).

Round parameter one is the data source, parameter two is to keep the decimal place and then one (for example, you enter 2 so the 3rd is after a bit) is rounded, when he is negative, from the last point of the data source to start the corresponding length of 0 and the last rounding such as round (123456,- 2) is 123456 from 6 onwards the number of two bits into 0, and the last one 5 (from the back of the first digit is 6 the last is 5) is rounded, output 123500

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