Swift operator Operation

Source: Internet
Author: User
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A new feature similar to C + + has been extended in swift, and Swift's operators provide good extensibility, and we can operate on operators, which are actually overrides or overloads of the operator's operations. Note that operator operations are generally manipulated by parameters that are often added to the in-out mode.

+,-(operator overloading)

In our actual development, Swift can customize the operator, not limited to the preset operators, we can overload the + to complete the int with double or flaot Add.
Swift provides the following functions so that int and int can be added:

func + (left:Int,right:Int)->Int{
       return left+right

We can reconstruct it completely.

func + (left:Int,right:Double)->Double
 return Double(left)+right


Implementing the + operator to add elements to an array

func +<T>(var left:[T],right:T)->[T]
       return left

After experiments, it seems that Swift does not support the refactoring of =

+ +, – (front and rear operators)

What we said above + and what we didn't say-is the binocular operator, and for the monocular operator, such as ++,–,swift, the operand is placed in front of the monocular operator, which is referred to as the predecessor operator, and the operand is placed after the monocular operator, which is called the post operator.

The reset predecessor operator function must be decorated with the prefix keyword, and the reset post operator must be decorated with the Postfix keyword.
prefix func ++ (operator: Type)-> Type

  let result = ++ operator


                  `Pre-operator function`

postfix func-(operator: Type)-> Type

          let result = operator--

                  `Post operator function`


prefix func ++ <T> (inout array:[T])->[T] {
         return array

    var strArr=["iOS","Android","WP"]
+ = (Assignment operator)

The + = assignment operator is provided in the C language, which is actually the addition of the second value to the first value, where the first value requires the use of the in-out pattern.

func += <T>(inout left:[T],right:T)

var myList=["iOS","Android"];
myList += "WP"
Comparison operators

The types of int, Double, string, and so on in swift support comparison operators, but if you define a type that requires a comparison size, you need to meet the following two characteristics for a custom type:

    • Comply with equatable, comparable two agreements.
    • Overloads for custom types = = and < two operators.
      Only the = = and < Two operators need to be overloaded with custom types, and Swift can automatically infer the four results of! =, <=, >, >=.

      The format is as follows:

      func  <(las:Type,hrs:Type)->Bool
             let result=lhs<rhs


      struct WXrect:Equatable,Comparable
           var left:Double
           var top:Double
       var width:Double
           var height:double
      fun ==(las:WXrect,hrs:WXrect)->Bool
       return lhs.width*lhs.height==rhs.width*rhs.height
      fun < (las:WXrect,hrs:WXrect)->Bool
      return ls.width`*`ls.height`<`rhs.width*rhs.height
          let rect1=WXrect(left:2.0,top:3.0,width:5.0,height:4.0)
          let rect2=WXrect(left:8.0,top:23.0,width:2.0,height:8.0)
Advanced-Develop your own operators

After accumulating the above, we have mastered the operation of operators, and finally we carry out our own operator development

Two-step fix a custom operator
    1. Declares a new operator.

      The format is as follows:

      prefix | infix | postfix operator operator name {}
      prefix: Represents the preceding operator
      infix: stands for binocular operator
      postfix: stands for post operator
    2. Provides multiple overloaded operator functions for new operators

If the overloaded operator is a predecessor operator, you will need to add the prefix keyword to the func keyword
If the overloaded operator is a post operator, you will need to add the Postfix keyword to the func keyword

The following is a development of a exponentiation operator: * *

Because multiplication should be a binocular operator, the new operator is declared first: * *

infix operator **{}

Provide overloaded functions for new operators

func ** (base: Int, exponent: Int)-> Int
    var result = 1
   for _ in 1 ... exponent
  result * = base
return result

let a = 5
let b = 3
print ("The power of \ (b) of \ (a) is: \ (a ** b)")

How? Swift is strong! Own custom operators

Let's look at a math problem


How do you do this problem? I'm a little out of it! O (∩_∩) o haha ~

The side of the math problem is that the operators have sequential execution, so we don't have to have arithmetic rules for our custom operator.

The value of the binding (associativity) has the desirable value of left,right and none. When the left associative operator is written together with the other left-associative operators with the same precedence, it is combined with the left-hand operand. Similarly, the right-associative operator is combined with the right-hand operand. The non-associative operator cannot be written together with other operators of the same precedence. Default priority is 100

infix operator **= { associativity left precedence 140 }
fun ** (base:Int,exponent:Int)


Swift operator Operation

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