Teach you how to write an e-commerce crawler-the third lesson is still makeup Web Ajax request processing and content extraction

Source: Internet
Author: User
Tags xpath chrome developer

Series of textbooks:

Teach you to write e-commerce crawler-first lesson find a soft persimmon pinch

Hand in hand to teach you to write e-commerce crawler-the second lesson is still makeup mesh page Product Collection crawler

After reading two, I believe everyone has been promoted from the beginning of the small rookie to intermediate rookie, well, then we continue our reptile course.

The last lesson must be because the opponent is too strong, so that we do not complete the still makeup mesh crawler.

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We continue this lesson, and strive to completely fix the makeup net, leaving no regrets.

Let's take a look at the previous lesson, which left two questions, both of which are related to Ajax.

1, because it is the next page of Ajax loading, resulting in the next page URL will not be automatically discovered by the system.

2, the price of the product page is loaded through Ajax, we directly from the page to obtain the information itself.

OK, let's solve the first problem first:

The first problem is actually a reptile more common problem, that is, the discovery of URLs, by default, the discovery of URLs is the god Archer Framework Automatic processing, but if in the case of Ajax, the framework can not find the URL, this time we need to manually handle the discovery of the URL, here, The archer gives us a handy callback function that allows us to handle the discovery of the URL ourselves:

onProcessHelperUrl(url, content, site)

This callback function has two parameters, namely the currently processed Page object and the entire crawl station object, we can get the content of the Page object to analyze whether there is a new page we need URL, through the Site.addurl () method added to the URL queue can be. Here we can see that when the number of pages is exceeded, the makeup net will return to us a page like this, we know the number of pages over, do not need to add a new page URL:

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This page is a good judge, just to see if there is a "no match item" keyword in the content.

Here we need some basic JS capabilities, the code is as follows:

    configs.onprocesshelperurl = function (Url, content, site) {           if (!content.indexof ("No matching Goods")) {               //if the last page is not reached, the page number is added 1               var currentpage = parseint (Url.substring ( Url.indexof ("&page=")  + 6));               var page = currentPage + 1;               var nexturl = url.replace ("&page="  +  currentPage,  "&page="  + page);               site.addurl (Nexturl);           }       } 

The principle is very simple, if there is no matching item in the content of the keyword, then the current page of the next page to join the queue to crawl.
OK, the Ajax paging problem is completely solved, the following is the most difficult Ajax content loading problem, that is, how to get to the product page price information

First of all, we usually have two ideas for this kind of problem:

1, through the JS engine to render the entire page, in order to do the content extraction, this program for some complex JS page is the only solution, with the God-Archer framework to deal with is also very simple, but because the need to execute JS, resulting in crawl speed is very slow, not the last resort, we do not use this nuclear weapon

2, through the experience of just dealing with pagination, we can pre-analyze the AJAX request, and then make this step out of the request and the original page request to do an association. This scheme is suitable for relatively simple JS pages.

OK, the introduction of the idea, according to experience, we feel that the AJAX load of makeup network is not very complex, so we choose the solution to deal with this AJAX page loading.

Similarly, the homepage we crawl to this AJAX request through the Chrome Developer tool, here teaches everybody a little trick, in the developer tool, can filter the request object not XHR, this is the asynchronous request, we can easily discover our suspect URL:


Let's look at the page. 22912 How to extract the most convenient, we soon found a label:

<input type= "hidden" value= "22912" id= "J_uitemid"/>

This label is clean and the XPath obtained is simple:

input[@id = "J_uitemid"]/@value

This is a good thing to do, and we'll look at what the results of this page request are:

{"Count": 0, "data": {"discount": "6.2", "Discountmoney": "43.00", "OriginalPrice":, "Price": "69.00", "Showjoyprice" : "69.00"}, "Isredirect": 0, "issuccess": 0, "Login": 0}

As can be seen, is a typical JSON object, this is good to do, the god Archer Framework provides us with a way to extract content through Jsonpath, can be easily extracted to the price object, that is, the value of prices.

So how can we finally associate this request? Here is also a scenario provided in the framework, called Attachedurl, which is specifically designed to solve the problem of requests for associated requests, that is, the value of a field can be extracted from the content of an associated request. Grammar I will not introduce, directly on the code bar:

{Name: "Skuid", selector: "//input[@id = ' j_uitemid ']/@value",}, {name: "Price", so URCETYPE:SOURCETYPE.ATTACHEDURL, Attachedurl: "Http://item.showjoy.com/product/getprice?skuid={skuid}", Sel EctorType:SelectorType.JsonPath, selector: "$.data.price",}

A brief introduction to the use of Attachedurl, first we want to set SourceType to Attachedurl, and we want to set a attachedurl, that is, the address of the association request, where a value is dynamic, So we need to extract this dynamic value before this extraction, so we have added the name of a decimation item called Skuid, which is automatically replaced with the value we extracted from the previous Skuid extract when the call method in Attachedurl is {skuid} and the real request is made. Then, as we get to the JSON return, so we extract the way should be through Jsonpath, and finally, write a extraction rule can be, jsonpath than XPath more simple, I believe we can understand.

Well, get so much, the complete code is as follows:

    var configs = {           domains: ["www.showjoy.com", "list.showjoy.com", "item.showjoy.com"],           scanurls: ["Http://list.showjoy.com/search/?q=cateIds%3A1,cateName%3A%E9%9D %a2%e8%86%9c "],          contenturlregexes: [" http// Item\\.showjoy\\.com/sku/\\d+\\.html "],           helperurlregexes: ["http://list\\.showjoy\\.com/search/\\?q=cateids%3a1,catename%3a%e9%9d%a2%e8%86%9c (\ \ &page=\\d+)? "],//can be left blank           fields: [               {                   //  First Extraction Item                    name:  "title",                   selector:  "//h3[contains (@class, ' Choose-hd ')] ",//default use xpath                   required: true //cannot be empty                },               {                   //  A second extract                    name:  "comment",                   selector:  "//div[contains (@class, ' DTABS-HD ')]/ul/li[2]",/ /Use regular extraction rules                   required: Whether  false //cannot be empty               } ,              {                   //  A third extract                    name:  " Sales ",                   selector:  "//div[contains (@class, ' DTABS-HD ')]/ul/li[3]",//using regular extraction rules                    required: false // Can not be empty               },               {                   name:  "Skuid",                   selector:  "//input[@id = ' j_uitemid ']/@value",               },               {                   name:  "Price",                   sourceType:  sourcetype.attachedurl,                   attachedUrl:  "Http://item.showjoy.com/product/getprice?skuid={skuid}",        &nBsp;          selectortype: selectortype.jsonpath,                    selector:  "$.data.price",                                  }          ]      };             configs.onprocesshelperurl =  function (url, content, site) {          if (! Content.indexof ("No matching Goods")) {               If you don't have the last page, add the page 1              var  currentpage = parseiNT (url.substring (Url.indexof ("&page=")  + 6));               var page = currentPage + 1;               var nexturl = url.replace (" &page= " + currentPage, " &page= " + page);               site.addurl (Nexturl);           }          return true;       }      var crawler = new  Crawler (configs);       crawler.start ();

Finally, let's try to test the results of the crawl:

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Appreciation of their hard work is not a great accomplishment, but now the results of the climb still some ointment, the number of comments and sales to get is a complete sentence, and we want to get a specific number, how to operate it? This is actually a field extraction to the subsequent processing, the framework provides us with a callback function:

afterExtractField(fieldName, data)

The function will pass in the extracted name and extracted data, we only need to use the JS string processing function to further processing the data can be directly on the complete modified code:

var configs = {      domains: ["www.showjoy.com", " List.showjoy.com "," item.showjoy.com "],      scanurls: ["/http list.showjoy.com/search/?q=cateids%3a1,catename%3a%e9%9d%a2%e8%86%9c "],       contenturlregexes: ["Http://item\\.showjoy\\.com/sku/\\d+\\.html"],       helperurlregexes: ["http://list\\.showjoy\\.com/search/\\?q=cateids%3a1,catename%3a%e9%9d%a2%e8%86%9c (\ \ &page=\\d+)? "],//can be left blank       fields: [           {              / /  First Extract               name:  " Title ",              selector: "// H3[contains (@class, ' Choose-hd ')] ",//default useXpath              required: true  //cannot be empty           },           {               //  The second extract               name:   "comment",               selector:   "//div[contains (@class, ' DTABS-HD ')]/ul/li[2]",//using regular extraction rules                required: false //cannot be empty            },          {               //  A third extract                name:  "Sales",               selector:  "//div[contains (@class, ' DTABS-HD ')]/ul/li[3]",//using regular extraction rules                required: false //cannot be empty           },           {              name:  " Skuid ",              selector: "// input[@id = ' j_uitemid ']/@value ",          },           {               name:  "Price",               sourcetype: SourceType.AttachedUrl,               attachedUrl:  "Http://item.showjoy.com/product/getprice?skuid={skuid}",               selectorType: SelectorType.JsonPath,               selector:  "$.data.price",                          }      ]  };     configs.onprocesshelperurl = function (Url, content, site) {       if (!content.indexof ("no match Item")) {          // If you don't have the last page, add the page 1          var currentpage =  parseint (Url.substring (Url.indexof ("&AMp;page= ")  + 6);           var page =  currentpage + 1;          var nexturl  = url.replace ("&page="  + currentPage,  "&page="  + page);           site.addurl (Nexturl);       }      return true;  }  configs.afterextractfield  = function (fieldname, data) {      if (fieldName ==  " Comment " | |  fieldName ==  "Sales") {          var  regex = /.* ((\d+)) .*/;          return  ( Data.match (regex)) [1];      }      return  data;  }   var crawler = new crawler (configs);   crawler.start (); 

We have judged that if comment and sales extract the items by matching them directly to the numbers in parentheses, it is important to note that the parentheses on the Web page are the full-width brackets, so don't write them wrong.

This time finally can happily look at their own reptile data results:

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Teach you how to write an e-commerce crawler-the third lesson is still makeup Web Ajax request processing and content extraction

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