# The difference between = = and = = = in JS

Source: Internet
Author: User

= = and = = Definition

`==`and `===` Although they are all relational expression operators, they are defined differently:

• `==`: Called the equality Operator (equality Operator), which is used to detect the equality of two operations, where the definition of equality is very loose, allowing the conversion of a type
• `===`: called the strict equality operator (Strict Equality), also known as the identity operator (identity Operator) or the congruent operator, which is used to detect whether two operands are strictly equal
= = and = = = Arithmetic rules

In JavaScript `==` and `===` operators, their operations have their own arithmetic rules.

= = Arithmetic Rule

`==`Operator is not strict for two numbers. If the two operands are not of the same type, the equality operator attempts some type conversions and then compares them.

When you convert different data types, they follow the following basic principles:

If the two operands are of the same type, the comparison will be equal if they are strictly equal, as are strict equality rules. If they are not strictly equal, the comparison results are unequal.

If the types of the two operands are different, the `==` equality operators may also consider them equal. Detection of equality will be governed by the following rules and type conversions:

If one value is `null` and the other is `undefined` , then they are equal:

``null == undefined; // => true``

If one value is a number and the other is a string, the string is first converted to a numeric value and then compared using the converted value:

``1 == ‘1‘; // => true``

If one of the values is, it is `true` converted to a `1` second comparison. If one of the values is `false` , convert it to a `0` second comparison:

``true = =0;=Falsefalse = =1;=Falsetrue = = 1; //= true false = = 0; //= true true = =  ' 1 '; //= true false =  ' 0 '; //= true        ``

If one value is an object and the other value is a number or string, the object is first used `toString()` and `valueOf()` converted to the original value before being compared.

Two operands follow these rules when comparing:

• `null`And `undefined` is equal to
• Before you can compare equality, you cannot `null` `undefined` convert and transform to any other value
• If there is an action `NaN` , the equality operator returns `false` , and the inequality operator returns `true` . Important: Even if the two operands are all `NaN` , the equality operator also returns `false` because, by rule, `NaN` not equal to`NaN`
• If the two operands are objects, then the comparison is not the same object. If all two operands point to the same object, the equality operator returns `true` , otherwise returns`false`

Consider the comparison of objects:

`var a = [1,2,3]; `

`var b = [1,2,3]; `

` var c = {x: 1, y: 2}; `

` var d = {x: < Span class= "number" >1, y: 2}; `

` var e = Span class= "string" > `

` var f = < Span class= "string", "TE" + `

`A = = B //=>false c = = d //=>false E = = f //=>true`

= = = Arithmetic Rule

The strict equality operator `===` first computes the value of its operand, and then compares the two values, and the comparison process does not have any type conversions. Its arithmetic rules follow the following rules:

If two value types are different, they are not equal

``true === ‘1‘; // => false``

Where the operand `true` is a Boolean value and `‘1‘` a string value.

If all two are or are `null` `undefined` , then they are equal:

``null === null; // => trueundefined === undefined; // => truenull === undefined; // =>false``

If two values are Boolean `true` or `false` , they are equal:

``true = = =True=Truefalse = = =False=Truetrue = = = 1; //=>false true = = =  ' 1 '; //=>false false = = = 0; //=>false false = = =  ' 0 '; //=>false     ``

If one of the values is `NaN` , or if two values are `NaN` , they are not equal. `NaN`and any other value are not equal, including itself. The `x !== x` value of `x` `NaN` This expression is only for `x` `NaN` when `true` it is done.

If two values are numeric and the values are equal, they are equal. If one value is `0` and the other value is `-0` , they are equally equal.

The difference between = = and = = = in JS

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