Use of El Expression language in JSP pages

Source: Internet
Author: User

The limitation of JavaBean in JSP
Gets the JavaBean property that must be instantiated
Forced type conversions

<%    Employee employee = (employee) request.getattribute ("employee");    Computer comp = Employee.getcomputer ();    String manufacturer = Comp.getmanufacturer ();%>

If the page is written with a logic error, it will cause code execution errors, and the JSP page will generate errors when compiling the page

Use El expressions to simplify

What is El
El is expression Language (expressions language)
El's function
Replace complex code in a JSP page
El's Syntax
${EL Exprission}
${} or ${bean[' name '}

${} is essentially the GetName () method that invokes the bean

Note: 1 El through. and [] to access data. For example ${applicationscope.user.username} or ${applicationscope.user["UserName"}

2 If the accessed property name contains some special symbols, such as "." or "-" such as non-alphanumeric or numeric symbols must be used []

3 applicationscope.user["User-name"]

4 If you use variables to pass in, you can only use []. For example

<%string Data="username";%>


5 Of course there are four hidden objects: Applicationscope,sessionscope,requestscope,pagescope. With application, Session,request, PageContext corresponds to. For example, Applicationscope to get the value of a application range of properties

Automatic conversion type
An El can automatically convert a type when a data is obtained
More lenient restrictions on type
Easy to use
The EL application is simpler compared to embedding Java code in the JSP

El syntax

Start with "${" and End With "}"
Get the value directly using the variable name $

Variable Property Scope name

Name in the property range El
Page Pagescope, for example ${pagescope.username}, indicates that a username variable is found in the page range and no return null
Request Requstscope
Session Sessionscope
Application Applicationscope

El operator
Operator "[]"
Operator "."
Get Object Properties

Gets the data in the collection of objects
A (list) collection is saved in session users

Simple application: Output name display

Map names = new HashMap ();
Names.put ("One", "Liyang");
Names.put ("Both", "Wanghua");
Request.setattribute ("names", names);
Name: ${names["}<br/>"

An introduction to El Implicit objects

Object Name description
Pagescope Returns the variable name of the page range, which is mapped to the corresponding value
Requestscope Returns the name of the variable for the requested range, which is mapped to the corresponding value
Sessionscope Returns the variable name of the session scope, which is mapped to the corresponding value
Applicationscope Returns the variable in the applied range and maps the variable name to the corresponding value
Param Returns the string value of the client's request parameter
Paramvalues Returns a set of values that map to the request parameters of the client
PageContext provides access to user requests and page information

Use of El Expression language in JSP pages

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