C Function Description and Parameters

Source: Internet
Author: User

<1> function declaration

I recently read the C language, which is very confusing. In some cases, function declaration is not available in some cases.

I checked the teaching material, made a summary, copied the pen, and recorded it online. I have forgotten it!

 

Function declaration is not required in the following three cases:

1. If the return type of the called function is integer or char, the system will take care of it.

Example:

// Code 1 # include <stdio. h> int main () {int A = 30; double D = 4.4334; printf ("A = % d", call (a); Return 0 ;} int call (INT d) {printf ("helloworld \ n"); Return D ;}

Correct. What if I change the return type of the call function to double?

// Code 2 # include <stdio. h> int main () {int A = 30; double D = 4.4334; printf ("d = % F", call (d); Return 0 ;} double call (double D) {printf ("helloworld \ n"); Return D ;}

GCC indicates that the type of the call function is confusing ~

D:\prj\core_c>gcc demo.c -o demo.outdemo.c:8:8: error: conflicting types for 'call'demo.c:5:16: note: previous implicit declaration of 'call' was here

2. The called function is defined before the main function.

The call method in Code 2 above is before Main, so there will be no problem.

3. Declare the called function before defining all functions.

// Code 4 # include <stdio. h> double call (double D); int main () {int A = 30; double D = 4.4334; printf ("d = % F", call (d )); return 0;} double call (double D) {printf ("helloworld \ n"); Return D ;}

It is equivalent to making an external statement.

 

<2> parameters.

Example:

(1) function declaration, saving the variable name.

Int getmax (int A, int B); // you can save the variable name to facilitate compilation of system errors: int getmax (INT, INT );

(2). You do not need to allocate memory for the shape parameters in macro definition.

#define P(d) printf("%d",d)

Beginner's notes.

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