Deep analysis of the differences between Linux and Windows systems, novice must read!

Source: Internet
Author: User

When each of us comes into contact with Linux, should we first touch windows? However, after we generally contact Linux, accustomed to the management and use of Linux, we go back to the use of Windows, the heart is actually rejected. We will feel that the graphics are good trouble, graphics good low feeling, this time we are almost a heavy fan of Linux. For Linux is not addictive, it is a meeting of the same feeling as a woman, always feel that she is very mysterious, many of the places we want to explore. Windows and Linux as an outstanding system representative, the knock-down hope is inevitable, they also have a lot of unknown stories, today I will comb the Linux and windows are the shear between the messy relationship.

The birth of Linux system and Window System

In the October of 1991, the Internet was not as prevalent as it is now, and most of the people on the Internet were affiliated with research institutions, or students and professors in universities. A young Finnish university student named Linus Torvalds published a less-than-ordinary post on a news group October 5:

Hello everybody out there using

I ' m doing a (free) operation system (just a Hobby,won ' t is big and professional like GNU) for 386 (486) at clones.

The message also formally announced the birth of the Linux kernel system, this message can be called the birth declaration of Linux, and has been widely circulated. So October 5 was a special day for the Linux community, and many later releases of Linux were chosen this day.

Microsoft Windows, a set of operating systems developed by Microsoft in the United States, was launched in 1985, initially just a microsoft-dos simulation environment, and subsequent versions of the system are not only easy to use but also slow to become the most favorite operating system for every family due to Microsoft's constant updates and upgrades.

Windows uses a graphical GUI, which is more user-friendly and convenient than the way the previous DOS requires typing instructions. With the computer hardware and software upgrading, Microsoft's Windows is also constantly upgrading, from the old 16-bit, 32-bit to now popular 64-bit, the system version from the original Windows 1.0 to the well-known Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows ME, Windows 2000, Windows 2003, Windows XP, Windows Vista, Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, Windows 10, and Windows Server Server Enterprise-class operating systems, Continuously updated, Microsoft has been working on the development and improvement of Windows operating system.

In fact, from the above can be seen, Windows earlier than Linux was born, the equivalent of elder brother, but because the Linux open source makes him appear more energetic, Linux's father is also very inspirational, the university can write such a great system kernel, really encouraged a large number of programmers and system administrators.

The contention between Linux system and Windows system performance

The performance of Linux is excellent, it can be fully targeted for machine configuration optimization, and Linux support for x86_64 Windows is not the 1:30 point. On the same platform, optimized Linux does much more than windows in terms of performance, so most enterprise servers in the country use Linux platforms. Because of its superior performance to Windows, making it a darling of the market, interested in Linux technology can see the "Linux should learn this book."

In addition, from the concept of Windows can be known: whether you want to, I will give you. In my opinion, this is a tough corporate culture, I am so hard, anyway you do not understand me, this may be due to the Windows system for home users over the years of absolute monopoly. Whether you're running a key service that has nothing to do with the GUI, the Windows GUI must be running, and if a GUI bug causes the system to crash, then you're just too unlucky. and the commercial flavor of Windows is more serious, the closed source to a certain extent affect the development of windows, although windows in recent years has been vigorously advocating open source. However, for ordinary individual users to feel the use of Windows is very good, their graphics use concise and clear.

Since kernel 2.6, Linux has had a lot of support for threading and better performance, which has been a big step in Linux. And with the development and optimization of the world's most experienced Linux enthusiasts, Linux can really take on a very important role. To be fair, Windows has a lot better performance and stability than it used to be, at least in some places it's exactly the same level as Linux. But Windows has a very limited ability to optimize because MS has done a lot for you, and although you don't want him to do it, you don't have a choice. This may be good for most "lazy" users, but for those who have a stubborn pursuit of system optimization, Windows doesn't fit. According to the 8/2 rule, MS is very clever in the market, but this arbitrary and outrageous way is probably unacceptable to many people.

So for the global user community, Windows leads Linux on the consumer. To a certain extent, users can not choose the right module according to their own needs, the user's professional knowledge is limited, the user's use requirements are limited, Windows users have become accustomed to the system, they can accept this closed-source technology black hole. But for technology enthusiasts, we prefer a purer system like Linux, and we prefer to understand the nature of the operating system and use our own optimized and customized systems.

Is it a Linux system or a Windows system to do operation and maintenance?

Many students ask me, learn Linux good, or learn Windows good. This problem is not a good answer, because in terms of enterprise demand, Windows and Linux Server enterprises can be used, but Linux relies on security and stability of the application, making it in the Enterprise Server domain has been a great advantage, and there is an increase in the situation of the year.

You can choose two to learn, and then to a certain depth of study, I am currently in such a state. We may not be able to predict the future in the enterprise, we will mainly encounter Linux or Windows, our server may be doing the maintenance of Windows, or Linux maintenance, of course, the current development situation, we are more likely to contact the Linux-based service architecture, I am currently learning Linux systems related knowledge, I choose Red Hat RHCE certification as the starting point for Learning Linux, I hope that through a systematic training process such as Red Hat, can let me have a systematic understanding of Linux, follow-up in-depth exploration will appear easier.

I know the situation is that I know a lot of students are windows to learn Linux, for them, Linux seems more interesting, more conquering desire, I think the main market demand is caused. On the initial study of Linux, I have always wanted to be systematic, I learned at the time through the Internet, search for a red hat related teaching materials "Linux should learn", I found this book very good to the Linux learning systematization, for Linux beginners, They can get a good view of the structure of knowledge from this book, and lay a solid foundation for the follow-up study.

Windows and Linux play an important role in our lives, the relationship between them we can not generalize, who is good who poor and not an absolute conclusion. We can according to their own needs, choose the appropriate operating system, but also formally because of their comparison and war, in order to better advance the operating system forward. The war between Windowns and Linux lies in the diversity that satisfies the needs of the human race, who are competitors and good companions, because thanks to each other's bumps, they can become better each other. Whether we choose to stand on either side of the war, we are all beneficiaries, because it is a war of faith without harm.

Deep analysis of the differences between Linux and Windows systems, novice must read!

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