ASP. net mvc getting started series of tutorials ASP. net mvc getting started series of tutorials ASP. net mvc getting started 1. Introduction

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Author: User
ASP. net mvc tutorials

A series of introductory articles in ASP. net mvc beta, some friends suggested to write an example program for simultaneous explanation, which makes it easier to learn. So I chose to write a blog program as the sample program. (Originally living in ASP. net mvc preview5, now basically changed to ASP. net mvc beta)

This series of articles may be completed by several friends. Test site for Synchronous updates to the blog system in this example:

Article list, updated from time to time:

Introduction to ASP. net mvc 1.

ASP. net mvc entry 2. project directory structure and core DLL

ASP. net mvc 3. Routing

ASP. net mvc entry 4. Controller and action

ASP. net mvc entry 5. View and viewdata

ASP. net mvc 6. tempdata

ASP. net mvc entry 7. Submit and bind hellper and Data

ASP. net mvc entry 8. modelstate and data verification

ASP. net mvc entry 9. implement action filter and built-in filter (Introduction)

ASP. net mvc entry 10, Action filter and built-in filter implementation (instance-anti-leech)

ASP. net mvc 11. Use Ajax



Introduction to ASP. net mvc 1.


What is the MVC mode?


MVC (Model-View-controller, Model-View-controller mode) is used to represent a software architecture mode. It divides a software system into three basic parts: model, view, and controller ).


So what is the difference between the MVC mode and the webform mode we are familiar? What is his division of labor?


Let's take a look at the normal webform mode. When we request a URL such as, our webform program will go to the root directory of the website to find the index under the blog directory. the aspx file is then created by index. the codebehind file (. CS files) for logical processing, which may also include retrieving data from the database (The bll in the database will not be discussed here), and then the index. the ASPX page is displayed to the user. The following is a simple example:



That is, a URL request is a physical file (aspx file or other) on the server and corresponding to the URL. Then, the file processes the request and returns the result to the client.


However, what is the process of MVC mode?


Let's first create an ASP. net mvc project. Vs2008 by default is no ASP. net mvc Project template, first we need to Familyid = A24D1E00-CD35-4F66-BAA0-2362BDDE0766 & displaylang = en to download the latest ASP. net mvc installer, the latest version of Microsoft ASP. net mvc beta (10/15/2008 ). After the download and installation are complete, we can find the ASP. net mvc project in the new project:


Note: If you are using the Chinese version of Vs, you may not be able to find this template after installation. For details, referInstall MVC in the Chinese version vs 08Set this article.


After an ASP. net mvc project is created, the default project is roughly as follows:



We can see that the naming of Several folders in the project corresponds to MVC (Model-View-controller, Model-View-controller mode. Run the following project:



We noticed that the URL in the address bar is home/index. If we follow the webform mode described above, we should be able to find the home directory under the root directory of our project, then there is an index file in the home directory, but we cannot find the home directory in the root directory. However, let's find the views/home/index. aspx file in the Views directory. Let's enter this address to run it:



Oh, no! The path is correct, and the file exists, but why is it 404? If it is not a direct access to an existing physical file, how does MVC work?


It turns out that the MVC mode works like this:



In MVC, the requested URL of the client is mapped to the corresponding controller. Then, the controller processes the business logic and may retrieve data from the model, then, the Controller selects the appropriate view and returns it to the client. Let's go back to the http: // localhost: 2176/accessed by the ASP. net mvc program we run earlier/Home/IndexThis URL actually accessesHomeFor the index action in the controller, see:



WherePublic actionresult index ()This method is called controller'sActionWhich returns the actionresult type. A controller can have multiple actions.


How is a URL located in the controller? Let's take a look at the web. config file. In the httpmodules configuration section of the web. config file, we can see a urlroutingmodule:


<Add name = "urlroutingmodule" type = "system. Web. Routing. urlroutingmodule, system. Web. Routing, version =, culture = neutral, publickeytoken = 31bf3856ad364e35"/>


This urlroutingmodule locates the URL in the controller. We can define which controller the URL will be routed. Let's take a look at the Global. asax file:





We can see that a route named "default" is defined here, and the default parameter is also defined. The default parameter indicates that when we access a URL such as http: // localhost: 2176/, the parameter does not exist, that is, it is equivalent to accessing http: // localhost: 2176/home/index.


Note: When we access the root directory of the website in IIS, if we do not specify the path to access, IIS will access the site based on the default document set in IIS. For example, when we access http: // localhost: 2176/, IIS will find the default under the root directory of the website. aspx file (assume that the default file for IIS is set to default. aspx ). In ASP. net MVC does not process the path of the website root directory such as http: // localhost: 2176/. Therefore, we can see the created ASP. net MVC program has a default under the root directory. aspx file, which is used to process the previous access to the root directory. Do not delete this file. It submits http: // localhost: 2176/default. aspx to ASP. net mvc for processing. For details, see the default. aspx. CS file.


We know how a URL is located in the corresponding controller, so how is the view returned to the client? We can see from the previous section that the action method in controller has a return view () method. By default, the view with the same name as the action is returned. Under the default view engine (webformviewengine) of ASP. net mvc, the view is accessed in the following path:


/Views/{controller}/{action}. aspx


That is, for the http: // localhost: 2176/home/index path, when return view () is used in the index action by default, will look for/views/home/index. aspx file. If this file cannot be found, it will be searched in the share Directory:/views/share/index. aspx. If no view is found, an exception occurs. Return view ("Lulu. aspx") to specify which view to return:/views/home/Lulu. aspx.


So why does the 404 error occur when we directly access the files in views/home/index. aspx? In MVC, it is not recommended to directly access the view, so the created ASP. by default, the net MVC program adds a web under the views directory. the config file contains the following content:



That is to say, access to all the files under the views directory will be handled by system. Web. httpnotfoundhandler. Therefore, do not put the resource files (CSS, JS, images, etc.) into the views directory. If you really want to put it in the Views directory, modify the views/Web. config file.


Now, you should have a rough understanding of the working principle of MVC. Let's talk about it first. Enjoy!



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