[Java] 14 kinds of Java development tools reviews _JSP Programming

Source: Internet
Author: User
Tags extend soap web services java web microsoft iis netbeans visual studio wsdl

In the history of computer development language, there is never a language like Java, such as the support of so many vendors, there are so many development tools, Java rookie as ever into the Grand View garden of Grandma Liu, look at the flower eyes, I do not know what choice. Indeed, these tools have their own strengths, there is no absolute perfect, even the veteran also difficult to make a choice. In this article I briefly introduced the common 14 kinds of Java development tools, the characteristics of the tube in the "device", hope to be helpful to everyone.

1. JDK (Java Development Kit)
2, Java Workshop
3, NetBeans and Sun Java Studio 5
4, Borland of JBuilder
5, Oracle's JDeveloper
6, IBM Visual age for Java
7, BEA's WebLogic Workshop
8, Webgain visual Cafe for Java
9, Macromedia of JRun
10, JCreator
11, Microsoft vj++
12. Eclipse
13, Ant
14, IntelliJ


In the history of computer development language, there is never a language like Java, such as the support of so many vendors, there are so many development tools, Java rookie as ever into the Grand View garden of Grandma Liu, look at the flower eyes, I do not know what choice. Indeed, these tools have their own strengths, there is no absolute perfect, even the veteran also difficult to make a choice. In this article I briefly introduced the common 14 kinds of Java development tools, the characteristics of the tube in the "device", hope to be helpful to everyone.

  1. JDK (Java Development Kit)

Sun's Java not only introduces a rich language and running environment, but also introduces a free Java Development toolset (JDK). Developers and end users can use this tool to develop Java programs.

The JDK is easy to learn, and you can write Java source files from any text editor, such as Windows Notepad, Ultredit, EditPlus, FrontPage, and Dreamweaver. Then in DOS, the Java source is compiled into bytecode via the Javac command, and the Java command is used to execute the compiled Java file, which brings the memory of the programmers of the DOS era. Java Beginners generally use this development tool.

From a beginner's point of view, using JDK to develop Java programs can quickly understand the relationship between the parts of the program code, to facilitate understanding of Java object-oriented design ideas. Another notable feature of the JDK is the upgrade of the Java (EE, J2SE, and J2ME) versions. But its disadvantage is also very obvious is to engage in large-scale enterprise-class Java application development is very difficult, can not carry out complex Java software Development, also is not conducive to group collaborative development.

  2, Java Workshop

Sun Microsystems launched the Java WorkShop 1.0 on March 26, 1996, the industry's first multi-platform development tool for Internet use, It meets the needs of companies to develop Internet and intranet application software. Java Workshop is written entirely in the Java language and is the first complete Java development environment in the market today, and the most recent version of Java Workshop is 3.0. The features of the Java workshop are as follows:

1 structure is easy to create: Java workshop is more convenient than any other Java development tool in creating a platform-neutral grid structure.

2 Visual Programming: The visual programming features of Java Workshop are very basic. The Java workshop allows programmers to rearrange these operations and even to identify the filters that trigger the action behavior. The Java workshop produces templates with many annotations, which can be helpful to programmers.

In addition, the Java Workshop supports JDK1.1.3 and JavaBeans component models, and the API and language features increase the flexibility of compiling Java applications. The Java Workshop development environment, which is fully Java-written, is so portable that multiple platforms can support the current Java workshop support for both SPARC and Intel versions of the Solaris operating environment, WINDOWS95, WindowsNT, and Hp/ux and other platforms. It is suitable for beginners to do some simple Java programming. The disadvantage of Java workshop is that every visual object in the Java workshop will sooner or later use grid layout, a design method that many people are not accustomed to; the Java Workdshop palette is poor and can only meet the basic requirements of most applications.

 3, NetBeans and Sun Java Studio 5

NetBeans is an open source Java integrated development environment (IDE) for a variety of client and Web applications. Sun Java Studio is the sun's latest commercially available, full-featured Java IDE that supports Solaris, Linux, and Windows platforms for enterprise developers who create and deploy 2-tier Java Web applications and N-tier EE applications.

NetBeans is the industry's first open source IDE that supports innovative Java development. Developers can leverage the industry's powerful development tools to build desktops, web, or mobile applications. At the same time, through the modular architecture of NetBeans and open APIs, third parties can easily extend or integrate the NetBeans platform.

NetBeans3.5.1 is primarily for developers of Java software in general, while Java one Studio5 is primarily for developers of applications such as Web services. Sun will soon launch Project Rave, the goal of which is to help enterprise developers with software development. The biggest difference between the NetBeans version 3.5.1 and other development tools is not only the ability to develop applications on a variety of desktops, but also the development of applications in network services, and the development of applications on J2ME mobile devices. Based on NetBeans 3.5.1, Sun developed Java one Studio5, providing users with a more advanced enterprise programming environment. There is an application framework in the new Java one Studio5 that developers can use to quickly develop their various applications in Web services.

 4, Borland of JBuilder

JBuilder into the kingdom of the Java Integrated development environment, which satisfies many applications, especially for the server side and the EJB developer. Here is a brief introduction to the characteristics of JBuilder:

1) JBuilder supports the latest Java technologies, including applets, Jsp/servlets, JavaBean, and EJB (Enterprise JavaBeans) applications.

2 users can automatically generate EJB Java classes based on back-end database tables, JBuilder also simplifies the automatic deployment of EJBS. It also supports CORBA, which helps users manage IDL in a comprehensive way ( The interface Definition Language interface definition Language required to distribute the application and control the remote object.

3) JBuilder supports a variety of application servers. JBuilder is tightly integrated with Inprise application server, supports WebLogic server, supports EJB 1.1 and EJB 2.0, and can quickly develop the e-business applications of Java EE.

4 JBuilder can develop and debug dynamic Web applications with servlet and JSP.

5 Use JBuilder to create (no proprietary code and tags) pure Java2 applications. Since JBuilder is written in a pure Java language, its code does not contain any proprietary code and markup, it supports the latest Java standards.

6 JBuilder has a professional graphics debugging interface, support remote debugging and multithreaded debugging, debugger support various JDK versions, including J2ME/J2SE/J2EE.

JBuilder Environment Development Program is convenient, it is a pure Java development environment, suitable for enterprise development; The disadvantage is that it is often difficult to grasp the whole program in the beginning of the relationship between the various parts of the machine hardware requirements higher, compared to eat memory, at this time the running speed appears slow.

  5, Oracle's JDeveloper


oracle9i JDeveloper (version 9.0, up to 10g) provides a fully integrated development environment for building complex, multi-tier Java applications with the Java EE feature, XML, and Web services. It provides special functionality and enhanced performance for developers who use Oracle9i databases and application servers, and is also qualified as a powerful tool for multiple-use Java development. The main features of the

Oracle9i JDeveloper are as follows:

① has the UML (Unified Modeling Language, Integrated Modeling Language) modeling feature. Business objects and e-business applications can be modeled.

② is equipped with a high-speed Java debugger (Debuger), built-in profiling tools, tools for improving code quality "Codecoach", and so on. The

③ supports the unified description of SOAP (Simple Object access Protocol), UDDI (Universal Description, Discovery and integration), Discovery and Integration Protocol, WSDL (Web Services Description Language), Web Service Description language, and other Web services standards.

JDeveloper is not just a good Java programming tool, it is an extension of Oracle Web services, supports Apache SOAP, and 9iAS, extensible environment and XML and WSDL language are closely related. Oracle9i JDeveloper fully utilizes Java authoring to be compatible with previous Oracle Server software and other application server products that support Java EE, and is designed to focus on oracle9i, which seamlessly enables application development across platforms. Provides the industry's first complete, integrated Java-EE and XML development environment, allowing developers to quickly develop Web services and transaction applications that can be accessed via the Web, wireless devices, and voice interfaces. In the past, only by combining traditional Java programming techniques with the latest modularity in a single integrated development environment can the fact of Java application Development lifecycle management be fundamentally changed. The disadvantage is that for beginners, more complex, but also more difficult.

  6, IBM Visual age for Java

Visual age for Java is a very mature development tool, and its features are useful to both it developers and amateur Java programmers. It provides extensive support for visual programming, supports the use of CICS to connect genetic mainframe applications, supports development of EJB applications, supports integrated development with WebSphere, easy bean creation and good rapid application development (RAD) support and file-free processing.

IBM has turned to Java-centric for the WebSphere Studio Advanced Edition that is being launched for the Web site and for the VisualAge for Java Professional Edition software it contains. That way, Java developers may feel a lot better about WebSphere's full set of tools. The tools provided by Studio include: Web site management, rapid development of the JDBC Page Wizard, HTML Editor, and HTML grammar checking. This is really a good HTML site page editing environment. Studio and VisualAge are highly integrated, and the menu provides the option to quickly move code between the two packages. This allows the Web page designers using studio and Java programmers using VisualAge to exchange files and work together. The

Visual age for Java Support Team develops a built-in code base that automatically modifies program code based on user changes, making it easy to compare current code with earlier versions. The WebSphere Studio, which is closely associated with visual age, does not itself provide support for source code and versioning, it simply includes a built-in file locking system that prevents other people from being able to modify these files while editing the project, and it also supports Microsoft A third party source code control system such as Visual SourceSafe. Visual age for Java fully object-oriented program design makes development programs very fast and efficient. You can design a typical application framework without writing any code. Visual age for Java, one of the products of IBM E-business Solutions, seamlessly integrates with other IBM products, such as WebSphere and DB2, and quickly completes the entire process from design, development to deployment applications.

Visual age for Java's unique way of managing files makes it very difficult to integrate external tools, and you cannot allow visual age for Java to work with other tools to jointly develop applications.

  7, BEA's WebLogic Workshop

The BEA WebLogic Workshop is a unified, simplified, extensible development environment that enables all developers to build standards-based enterprise applications over the BEA WebLogic Enterprise platform, thereby increasing productivity levels in the development sector, Accelerate the realization of value.

In addition to providing convenient Web services, WebLogic Workshop can be used to create more kinds of applications. As the development environment for the entire BEA WebLogic platform. Whether you're creating a portal application, writing a workflow, or creating a Web application, Workshop 8.1 can help developers do it faster and better.

The main features of WebLogic workshop are as follows:

① make Java-ee development feasible, improve development efficiency

The BEA WebLogic Workshop keeps developers away from the inherent complexities of Java EE, concentrating on business logic without having to worry about tedious infrastructure code. This innovation means that the powerful functionality of Java EE, which has been validated by the enterprise, is ultimately mastered by most of the developers who are unfamiliar with it, and thus the productivity of the IT department is increased by an order of magnitude.

Visual designers, as well as intuitive concepts such as events, properties, and controls, enable event-based development. Workshop Simplified Program Design model, so that developers do not have to master the complex Java EE API and object-oriented programming principles. All developers, including Java EE experts and application developers with visual and procedural language skills, can work together on the BEA WebLogic Enterprise Platform. Workshop's visual development environment, creating standard Java files with code annotations to illustrate enterprise-level requirements implemented by the runtime framework. Java EE and other advanced developers can make up for the lack of visual designers by leveraging the powerful code-editing capabilities that enable them to access the source code.

② to build enterprise-class applications

By implementing applications across scalable, secure, enterprise-class architectures, the BEA WebLogic Workshop significantly reduces development risk. Also, all applications are created using standard Java EE components that protect your technology investments while maintaining maximum flexibility.
The BEA WebLogic Workshop running framework is the aggregation layer that unifies the entire architecture, extending a single, simplified program design model to all of the BEA WebLogic Enterprise Platform application types. By interpreting the annotation code created at design time, the runtime framework can implement the necessary Java EE components and extract all the underlying details related to Java application development.

③ Reduce IT complexity

The BEA WebLogic Workshop provides a variety of Java controls, making IT easy to connect to IT resources. In addition, Java controls are extensible and identical in the construction of any BEA WebLogic Platform application. This powerful, effective approach can reduce the complexity of IT technology, optimize the availability of information, and drive the development of reusable services that include ' Best business Solutions ', enabling developers to achieve greater output at lower cost and in less time.

With the BEA WebLogic Workshop, any developer can build a variety of Web services, Web applications, portals, and integration projects with maximum productivity. Bea WebLogic Workshop is the core of BEA's product strategy, which helps customers access and leverage the power of service-oriented architecture (SOA). The BEA Weblogic Workshop 8.1 greatly simplifies the construction of enterprise-class applications and services in the current real-world enterprise integration environment and becomes a natural choice for fully supporting critical enterprise applications such as asynchronous, real-loose coupling, and coarse-grained messaging. Its disadvantage is too complex, for beginners, it is more difficult to understand.

  8, Webgain visual Cafe for Java

Visual Cafe is a debugger that works only on Symantec's Java virtual machines, Netscape Company's Java virtual machines, and Microsoft virtual machines. This is an important feature for developers, because many of the software bugs in the Java code that users develop may work on a particular virtual machine.

Visual Cafe automatically save files when you modify the build base to continue debugging, and native applications created with Visual Cafe have many features. In addition to the obvious speed increase, Symantec makes the class library binary to automatically generate or update the necessary Java code for the specified relationship than the normal JDK small visual cafe. With visual Cafe, users can assemble complete Java applications and applets from a standard object database without having to write source code. Visual Cafe also provides an expanded set of source code development tools.

Visual Cafe combines a visual source development tool for Java software, which allows developers to effectively transform between visual and source views. Modifications made in the visual view are immediately reflected in the source code. Automatically updates the visual view of changes to the source code.

Visual Cafe has many characteristics of source files, such as global retrieval and substitution. The problem with most of the documentation for Java development Tools is simply to introduce each component of the development tool in one go, but the user needs a task-oriented manual for the application, and you can use this manual to start creating your application without having to know the specific features of each part of the tool. Visual Cafe provides a very comprehensive user guide that provides comprehensive help for the initial installation to create the first Java application and applets, and visual Cafe automatically generates the necessary Java code for the specified relationship. Visual Cafe can run under Windows 95 and Windows NT platforms, and Symantec provides a RAD tool that can be run under the Macintosh operating system for Java development work. The Visual Cafe compiler is fast, it is more prominent in internationalization support, the disadvantage is that for beginners, it is more complicated and difficult.

  9, Macromedia of JRun

The Macromedia Company's JRun is a Java engine with the widest applicability for developing and implementing server-side Java applications written by Java Servlets and JavaServer pages. JRun is the first commercial product to fully support the JSP 1.0 specification, with more than 80,000 developers worldwide using JRun to add server-side Java functionality to their existing Web servers. The Web server includes Microsoft Iis,netscape Enterprise Server,apache, and so on.

JRun is an advanced engine for developing implementation of server-side Java. If we want to add server-side Java functionality to our Web applications, then JRun will be the right choice for us.

JRun currently has 3 versions, it is the first commercial product to support Java Server Pages (JSP) Specification 1.0. JSP is a powerful server-side technology that is a set of rapid application development systems for creating complex web applications. JRun allows us to start developing and testing Java applications. It accepts up to 5 concurrent connections and includes all Java Servlet APIs, supports JavaServer Pages (JSP), and supports all major Web servers and computer platforms. JRun Pro can withstand heavy traffic loads in a production environment to help us implement applications, services, or Web sites (including intranets). JRun Pro supports unlimited concurrent connections to run multiple Java virtual machines, including multiple concurrent Java virtual machines (JVMS). Provides a remote management applet and a remotely distributed management applet. The JRun Pro Unlimited includes all JRun Pro features, which can run an unlimited number of concurrent JVMs, in addition to the Times.

JRun relies on its built-in JRun Web server to run independently. With server-side Java, users can develop complex business application systems. Most importantly, it is a great alternative to CGI (Common Gateway Interface) or Perl scripts due to Servlets's platform independence and simpler development, faster implementation, and more economical maintenance costs. The disadvantage is that for beginners, more complex, but also more difficult.

  10, JCreator

JCreator is a Java program development tool and a Java integrated development environment (IDE). Whether you're developing a Java application or an applet component on a Web page, it's hard to fail. It is easier to function with a text-mode development tool such as the Sun's published JDK, and allows users to customize the Operation window interface and unlimited Undo/redo functions.

JCreator provides users with fairly powerful features such as project management features, project template features, customizable syntax highlighting properties, line count, class browser, tag document, Multi-function Editor, wizard functionality, and fully customizable user interface. With JCreator, we can directly edit or run our Java programs without activating the main document.

JCreator can automatically find the file containing the main function or an HTML file containing the applet, and then it will run the appropriate tool. In JCreator, we can compile multiple items at the same time through a batch process. JCreator's design is close to the Windows interface style, and the user is familiar with its interface. Its greatest feature is the perfect combination of the JDK installed in our machine, which is unmatched by any other IDE. It is a beginner's easy to use Java development tools, the disadvantage is that only a simple program development, can not be used in enterprise Java development and application.

  11, Microsoft vj++

Visual J + + is a Visual Java language integrated development Environment (IDE) introduced by Microsoft, providing a new development environment for Java programmers and a great development tool. Regardless of integration, compilation speed, debugging capabilities, or easy to learn usability, Microsoft's style is embodied. Visual J + + has the following characteristics:

1) Visual J + + puts the Java Virtual Machine (JVM) into Windows as a stand-alone operating system component, making it independent from the browser.

2 Microsoft's Application base Class library (Afc,application Foundation class Library) extends the Sun Company's JDK to make the application base Class library more suitable for use under Windows.

3 The debugger for Visual J + + supports dynamic debugging, including stepping, setting breakpoints, observing variable values, and so on.

4 Visual J + + provides a number of program wizards (Wizards) and generators (builders) that can easily help users quickly build Java programs to help you create and modify files in your own projects.

5 Visual j + + interface friendly, its code editor with IntelliSense, online compilation and other functions, so that the program is very convenient to write. Visual J + + builds Java WFC, a new application framework that enables direct access to the Windows Application Interface (API), enabling you to write fully-meaningful Windows applications in the Java language.

6 Quick Application Development feature of Form Designer in Visual J + + It's easy and easy to use WFC to create a form-based application. WFC makes it easy to use an ActiveX data object (Ado,activex data Objects) to retrieve data and perform the binding of simple data. By using ActiveX Data Objects in the form designer, you can quickly access and display data in your form.

Visual J + + combines Microsoft's consistent programming style and facilitates Java application development, but it is less portable and not a pure Java development environment.

  12. Eclipse

Eclipse is an extensible, open source IDE. In November 2001, IBM donated 40 million dollars worth of source code to form the Eclipse Alliance, which is responsible for the follow-up development of this tool. The integrated development environment (IDE) often confines its application to the "development, build, and debug" cycle. To help the integrated development environment (IDE) overcome current limitations, industry vendors collaborated to create the Eclipse platform. Eclipse allows the integration of tools from different vendors in the same IDE and enables interoperability between tools, dramatically altering project workflows and enabling developers to focus on actual embedded goals.

This flexibility of the eclipse framework stems from its extension points. They are known interfaces defined in XML and act as coupling points for plug-ins. The range of extension points includes a description of a Java class from a simple string used in a regular expression filter. Any extension point defined by the Eclipse plug-in can be used by other plug-ins, whereas any Eclipse plug-in can also comply with extension points defined by other plug-ins. In addition to understanding the interfaces defined by extension points, plug-ins do not know how the services they provide through extension points will be used.

With Eclipse, we can combine advanced design (perhaps UML) with low-level development tools such as application debuggers. If these complementary stand-alone tools are connected to each other with eclipse extension points, the UML dialog box can highlight the devices we are focusing on when we use the debugger to examine the application one by one. In fact, because Eclipse does not understand the development language, it is valid for both the Java language debugger, the C + + debugger, and the Assembly debugger, and can target different processes or nodes simultaneously within the same frame.

The biggest feature of Eclipse is its ability to accept open source Plug-ins written by the Java developers themselves, similar to the NetBeans platform of Microsoft's Visual Studio and Sun Microsystems Company. Eclipse provides tool developers with the flexibility to better control their software technology. The Eclipse Alliance has announced the release of its version 3.0 software by the middle of 2004. This is a very popular Java development tool, this domestic users more and more, actually practical Java developers are the most. The disadvantage is more complex, for beginners, it is more difficult to understand.

 13, Ant

Another Neat Tool (Ant) is a Java-based build tool. In theory, it is somewhat similar to make in (Unix) C, but does not have a defect of make. Because Ant's original author developed software on a variety of (hardware) platforms, the limitations and inconveniences of these tools cannot be tolerated. Tools like make are essentially based on the shell (language): They compute dependencies, and then execute commands (these commands are not much different from the commands you've tapped on the command line). This means that you can easily extend the tool by using the OS-specific or writing a new (command) program, but it also means that you limit yourself to a particular OS, or to a particular OS type, such as UNIX. Ant is different. Unlike an extended pattern based on a shell command, Ant expands with Java classes. (users) Do not have to write shell commands, which are xml-based, and can execute various tasks by invoking the target tree. Each task runs by implementing an object that implements a specific task interface.

Ant supports some optional tasks, and an optional task typically requires additional libraries to work. The optional task is separated from Ant's built-in task and packaged separately. This optional package can be downloaded from the same place where you downloaded ant. Ant itself is such a process scripting engine that automates the calling program to complete project compilation, packaging, testing, and so on. In addition to being platform independent based on Java, the format of the script is xml-based and is better maintained than the make script. Ant is the build tool that Apache provides to Java developers, it works under Windows OS and UNIX OS, and it is not only open source but also a very useful tool. Ant is a very useful Java development tool in Apache Jakarta, and the ant configuration file is written in an XML document, so the Java programmer is quite familiar with its syntax, Ant is dedicated to the Java Project platform, and can be developed in pure Java, It is able to run on a Java-installed platform that embodies its cross-platform capabilities. Its disadvantage shows that the execution results can only be a DOS character interface, not a complex Java program development.

  14, IntelliJ

IntelliJ idea is a comprehensive Java programming environment that is hailed by many developers and industry experts as the best IDE on the market. It offers a range of most useful combinations of tools: Intelligent coding assistance and automation, support for J2ee,ant,junit and CVS integration, non parallel coding checks, and innovative GUI designers. Idea frees Java developers from some time-consuming routine work and dramatically improves development efficiency. With faster, better code generation, continuous redesign and daily coding becoming simpler, perfect integration with other tools, high cost performance, etc. Support for Generics,bea WebLogic integration, improved CVS integration, and GUI designers in version 4.0.

IntelliJ idea can promote programmer's programming speed as much as possible. It includes a lot of ancillary functionality and is pretty good with Java. Different tool windows around the main programming window, when the mouse point can be opened, when useless can be easily closed, so that users get the maximum effective screen range. The technology-oriented idea integrates the debugger to support local and remote debugging, even if we need to modify something on the setup to make our work progress smoothly. In addition, it provides regular monitoring, step-by-step debugging, and manual breakpoint-setting, in which case we can automatically set up field access outside the breakpoint and even browse the values of different variables. The IDE supports multiple JVM settings, several compilers and ant build systems, and it makes it easy to set multiple, custom-class paths.

IntelliJ idea is a relatively new Java IDE. It is one of the most useful in the Java development environment. The highly optimized Intellej idea makes common tasks quite easy, with idea supporting many integration functions and, more importantly, making them easier to design. IDEA supports code implementation in XML, and idea also corrects the structure of Xml,idea support for JSP. Many of the features that work with common Java code also apply to JSP (such as integration functions) while supporting JSP debugging and EJB support, although it does not include special support for individual application servers. Idea supports ant build tools, not just running targets it also supports running targets before and after compiling and running programs, and also supports binding keyboard shortcuts. When you edit an ant to build an XML file, idea also supports the XML part that makes up the ant project. IntelliJ idea is known as the best Java IDE Development platform, and the software is popular for its smart instant analytics and handy refactoring features. The disadvantage is more complex, for beginners, it is more difficult to understand.


Now the common Java Project development environment is: JBuilder, visualage for Java, forte for Java, Visual Cafe, Eclipse, NetBeans IDE, JCreator +j2sdk, jdk+ Notepad, Editplus+ j2sdk and so on. The general development of the Java EE Project requires the installation of the company's application server (middleware) and the corresponding development tools, before using these development tools, we'd better be familiar with the advantages and disadvantages of these software, in order to choose the application based on the actual situation. Programming tools are just tools that are developed for the convenience of people, and therefore, the choice of tools is primarily based on what field they will be engaged in, rather than blindly thinking that tool is good and that tool is bad. Finally, I hope everyone can find their own appropriate Java development tools.

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