Getting started with the Linux sending mail client mutt

Source: Internet
Author: User
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Reprinted: http://hi.baidu.com/yunpengwu/blog/item/e4cc88547ef6901c3a29353b.html/cmtid/2f7d6309b4a087c93bc76383

 

Understanding mutt is an attractive article about Wang's mutt from the past few years. I always wanted to try it out when I like vim-like full-keyboard operations. It is difficult to get started. In addition, I have been running WINXP, so my thoughts have been stranded.

In the past two days, I finally picked up my interest and learned the basic configurations. I started my mutt journey.
!

System: ubuntu7.4
I have been using the built-in evolution. Now I can switch to mutt!

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Installation:
Sudo apt-Get install mutt main program
Sudo apt-Get install msmtp used for sending emails
Sudo apt-Get install getmail4 is used to receive emails

Sudo apt-Get install ca-certificates libssl0.9.8 OpenSSL SSL-cert for Gmail

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Basic settings Enable email receiving and receiving
Create a directory file
You can store emails by directory or file.
Mkdir-P ~ /Mail/inbox/{cur, new, TMP}

The following two groups of directories should be automatically created by mutt
Mkdir-P ~ /Mail/sent/{cur, new, TMP}
Mkdir-P ~ /Mail/postponed/{cur, new, TMP}

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Configure msmtp
Modify configuration file ~ /. Msmtprc File
Account <account_name>
Host <SMTP address>
From <email address>
Auth <authentication method, generally including plain, login, NTLM, etc.>
User <email address>
Password <email password>

Modify configuration file ~ /. Muttrc File
# Msmtp settings
Set Sendmail = "/usr/bin/msmtp"
Set use_from = Yes
Set From = <email address>
Set envelope_from = Yes

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Configure getmail4
Modify configuration file ~ /. Getmail/getmailrc file:
[Options]
Verbose = 1
Read_all = false
Message_log = ~ /. Getmail/log

[Retriever]
Type = simplepop3retriever
Server = <POP3 server address>
Username = <email address>
Password = <email password>

[Destination]
Type = maildir
Path = ~ /Mail/inbox/

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Receive email
Receive a new email. Run getmail-N in the command line.

Emails are received every 10 minutes:
Set crontab
$ Crontab-e
/10 */usr/bin/getmail

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Contact List
Save it in a separate file:
~ /. Mutt. Alias

Configuration File Settings:
# Address book
Source ~ /. Mutt. Alias
# Which alias file is used to save the alias when the sender obtains the alias.
Set alias_file = ~ /. Mutt. Alias

In the mutt email list
A adds the sender of the current email to the list

When entering the recipient address, you only need to enter the first few letters of the alias, Tab.

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Mail sorting
On the mutt Mail List homepage:
Use o for forward sorting and O for reverse sorting.
The sorting methods include:
Time, sender, thread, and topic

Use L to display some emails
Enter all to indicate all emails. You can enter the sender's name and some key words of the subject.

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Add different logos to emails
Email status flag description:
% Z is used in index_format.
Generally, $ to_chars is defined as "+ TCFL ".
"" (Blank): indicates that this email is not sent to you, that is, to: and CC: BCC: do not have your address, many forwarded emails, unconfirmed list emails, spam has this feature.
+: Indicates that you are the recipient (to: Is One Of Your addresses) and the only recipient.
T: indicates that you are the recipient (to: includes one of your addresses), but you are not the only recipient. This is a group letter.
C: indicates that your address appears in CC:, but you are not the only CC recipient.
F: You sent this email.
L: It indicates that this is sent from the list of emails you have added.

! : Indicates important emails. Use the f key to switch.
*: Indicates a signed email. Use the T key to switch.
N: indicates that the new email has not been read. Set it with the N key.
O: indicates that the old email has not been read.
R: indicates the replied email.

Set different colors
# Color settings
Color Error red white # error prompt bar
Color status white blue # Status Bar
Color hdrdefault magenta default

Color index yellow default ~ N # New
Color index yellow default ~ O # Old
Color index red default ~ F # flagged
Color index cyan default ~ T # tagged
Color index blue default ~ D # deleted

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Automatically add a signature for email writing
Adding a signature file is done by the editor and has nothing to do with Mutt.
Set Vim as the editor:
Set Editor = "Vim" # Set the Default Editor

In ~ /. Add the following to vimrc:
"For mutt
Autocmd bufenter mutt-Aaron-PC * 0R ~ /. Vim/template/mail. Mutt
And write the file mail. Mutt as the signature file.

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Adjust the content displayed in the email list
For example, you want to display: date, time, sender, topic, attachment, Tag, size

In the configuration file ~ /. Add the following to muttrc:
# Serial Number status [date (strftime format)] [number of attachments] sender mail size mail title
Set index_format = "% 4C % Z [% {% Y-% m-% d % H: % m}] [% x] %-15.15l (% 4c) % s"

Strftime format
% A the abbreviation of the day of the week.
% A full name of the day of the week.
The abbreviation of % B month name.
% B full name of the month name.
% C the local date time is better than the string.
% D indicates the day of the month (range: 00 to 31) with a number ).
% H indicates the hour in the 24-hour format (ranging from 00 to 23 ).
% I represents the hour in 12-hour format (range: 01 to 12 ).
% J indicates the day of the year (range: 001 to 366 ).
The number of % m months (ranging from 1 to 12 ).
% M minutes.
% P uses 'am' or 'pm 'to indicate the local time.
% S seconds.
% U indicates the week of the current year. The first week starts from the first Sunday.
% W indicates the week of the current year. The first week starts from the first Monday.
% W indicates the day of the week by number (0 indicates Sunday ).
% X date representation without time.
% X does not include the time representation of the date.
The two digits % Y indicate the year (range: 00 to 99 ).
% Y indicates the complete year number, that is, the four-digit number.
% Z time zone or abbreviated name.
% Characters.

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To delete a mail to the trash directory, delete it in the trash directory:

# Delete to the trash directory
Folder-hook. 'macro index D "s ~ /Mail/trash/R "'
Folder-hook ~ /Mail/trash 'Bind index D Delete-message'

Summary:
Mutt has many basic configurations. For more information, see other articles. Here, I just paste some special settings!

 

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Related Links

Sending emails in Linux: Intermediate mutt skills

Sending mail commands in Linux: mutt, mail, and script

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