Linux terminal and command supplement, Linux terminal command supplement

Source: Internet
Author: User

Linux terminal and command supplement, Linux terminal command supplement
Whoami: print a valid user ID

Who: displays which users are logged on to the system
Who-r displays the running level
Who-H display field name

W: Show who has logged on and what are they doing

Last: the/var/log/wtmp file is displayed. The user logon history and system restart history are displayed.
-N #: displays the latest # related information

Lastb:/var/tmp/btmp, displays the user's wrong Logon Attempt
-N #: Only displays the latest # related information

Lastlog: displays the last successful logon information for each user.
-U USERNAME: displays the recent logon information of a specific user.

Basename: get the file name in a path
$0: script path and name during Script Execution


Hostname: displays the current host name.

Generate random number:
RANDOM: 0-32768

Random number generator:
/Dev/random: If the entropy value is null, the user process will be blocked.
/Dev/urandom: the user process is not blocked. If the entropy pool is empty, it is generated in the software mode.

Terminal type:
Console: console
Pty: Physical terminal (VGA)
Tty: virtual terminal (VGA)
Ttys: Serial Terminal
Pts/#: Pseudo Terminal

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