MySQL add a primary key or change the table's column as the primary key SQL statement

Source: Internet
Author: User

Recently in the collation of things about MySQL, to write down some things to record, in order to query and browse later, the following are some of the operational skills.

Add a table field

ALTER TABLE table1 add transactor varchar (ten) not Null;

ALTER TABLE table1 add ID int unsigned not Null auto_increment primary key

Modify the field type of a table and specify empty or non-empty

ALTER TABLE name change field Name field Name field type [whether non-null allowed];

ALTER TABLE name modify field Name field type [allow non-null];

Modify the field name of a table and specify null or non-empty

ALTER TABLE name change field original Name field new Name field type [whether non-null is allowed

Delete a field

ALTER TABLE mytable DROP field name;

Add unique key

ALTER TABLE ' test2 ' ADD UNIQUE (' userid ')

Modify PRIMARY Key


Add index

ALTER TABLE ' test2 ' ADD INDEX (' id ')

ALTER TABLE ' category ' MODIFY COLUMN ' id ' int (one) not NULL auto_increment First, ADD PRIMARY KEY (' id ');

View field information for a table

DESC table name;

Show columns from table name;

View all information for a table

Show create table table name;

Add a PRIMARY KEY constraint

ALTER TABLE name add constraint primary Key name (Shape: Pk_ table name) primary key table name (primary key field);

ALTER TABLE name add column list type unsigned is null auto_increment primary key;

Add a FOREIGN KEY constraint

ALTER TABLE from TABLE ADD constraint foreign key (shape: Fk_ from Table _ Main Table) foreign key from table (foreign key field) references Main Table (primary key field);

(ALTER TABLE Main Table name Add foreign key (field) references from table name (field) on DELETE cascade)

Add a UNIQUE Constraint

ALTER table name add unique key constraint name (field);

Delete a PRIMARY KEY constraint

ALTER TABLE name drop PRIMARY key;

Delete a FOREIGN KEY constraint

ALTER TABLE name drop FOREIGN key foreign key (case-sensitive);

Modify Table Name

ALTER TABLE T_book Rename to BBB;

The SQL statement block that modifies the primary key is as follows:

DECLARE @defname varchar (100)

DECLARE @cmd varchar (500)

DECLARE @tablename varchar (100)

DECLARE @keyname varchar (100)

Set @tablename = ' TEMP1 '

Set @keyname = ' id '--the key to be placed, delimited

Select @defname = Name

From sysobjects so

JOIN Sysconstraints SC

On = Sc.constid

WHERE object_name (so.parent_obj) = @tablename

and xtype= ' PK '

If @defname is not null


Select @cmd = ' ALTER TABLE ' + @tablename + ' drop constraint ' + @defname

--print @cmd

EXEC (@cmd)



Set @defname = ' pk_ ' [email protected]

Select @cmd = ' ALTER TABLE ' + @tablename + ' ADD constraint ' + @defname + ' PRIMARY KEY CLUSTERED (' [email protected]+ ') '

EXEC (@cmd)

How to take the primary key field name and field type--Get the primary key field name

SELECT Table_name,column_name from INFORMATION_SCHEMA. Key_column_usage

WHERE table_name<> ' dtproperties '

EXEC Sp_pkeys @table_name = ' table name '

Select as table name, as field name, K.colid as field ordinal, K.keyno as index order, as type

From sysindexes i

Join Sysindexkeys k on = and I.indid = K.indid

Join sysobjects o on =

Join syscolumns C on and k.colid = C.colid

Join Systypes T on C.xusertype=t.xusertype

where O.xtype = ' U ' and ' table name to query '

and exists (select 1 from sysobjects where xtype = ' PK ' and and name =

ORDER BY,k.colid

The above is about how to modify the field type of MySQL data table, default values and add new fields.

MySQL add a primary key or change the table's column as the primary key SQL statement

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