Oracle 12c RAC installation ACFS file System tutorial

Source: Internet
Author: User

This article describes how to build a Acfs file system on a virtual machine that already has 12c RAC installed, and use the ACFS snapshot to brush a cow (Copy-On-Write) library to do the test library.

Highlight Step:

Add ASM disk to virtual machine to build Acfs file system
Second, create Acfs file system
Third, create the database on the Acfs file system in Node 1. (12c supports data files, control files, log files and other database files on the ACFS.) Reference doc ID 1369107.1 acfs Advanced Features Platform availability–minimum Version)
Four, while running DML on Node 1, generate snapshot
V. Use the snapshot generated above to pull up another database on Node 2.
Add ASM disk to virtual machine to build Acfs file system

1. Create a shared ACFS disk, a total of 3 disks, 3G size per disk:

Vboxmanage Createhd--filename asm_acfs_3g_01.vdi--size 3072 VDI--format Fixed
Vboxmanage Createhd--filename asm_acfs_3g_02.vdi--size 3072 VDI--format Fixed
Vboxmanage Createhd--filename asm_acfs_3g_03.vdi--size 3072 VDI--format Fixed
2. Attach the ASM disk created to the virtual machine OL6-121-RAC1

Vboxmanage storageattach ol6-121-rac1--storagectl "SATA"--port 5--device 0--type HDD--medium ASM_ACFS_3G_01.VDI- -mtype shareable


Vboxmanage storageattach ol6-121-rac1--storagectl "SATA"--port 6--device 0--type HDD--medium ASM_ACFS_3G_02.VDI- -mtype shareable


Vboxmanage storageattach ol6-121-rac1--storagectl "SATA"--port 7--device 0--type HDD--medium ASM_ACFS_3G_03.VDI- -mtype shareable





Vboxmanage storageattach ol6-121-rac2--storagectl "SATA"--port 5--device 0--type HDD--medium ASM_ACFS_3G_01.VDI- -mtype shareable


Vboxmanage storageattach ol6-121-rac2--storagectl "SATA"--port 6--device 0--type HDD--medium ASM_ACFS_3G_02.VDI- -mtype shareable


Vboxmanage storageattach ol6-121-rac2--storagectl "SATA"--port 7--device 0--type HDD--medium ASM_ACFS_3G_03.VDI- -mtype shareable


3. Set these shared disks to be sharable:

Vboxmanage MODIFYHD Asm_acfs_3g_01.vdi--type shareable
Vboxmanage MODIFYHD Asm_acfs_3g_02.vdi--type shareable
Vboxmanage MODIFYHD Asm_acfs_3g_03.vdi--type shareable
4. Into the Linux system, to partition the new disk

Fdisk/dev/sd<n>--> N-->p-->1-->1-->w
Such as:
FDISK/DEV/SDF--> N-->p-->1-->1-->w
FDISK/DEV/SDG--> N-->p-->1-->1-->w
FDISK/DEV/SDH--> N-->p-->1-->1-->w
5. This article uses the ASM disk in a udev way, without using Asmlib.

/sbin/scsi_id-g-u-d/dev/sdf
/sbin/scsi_id-g-u-d/dev/sdg
/sbin/scsi_id-g-u-d/DEV/SDH
such as:
[roo T@ol6-121-rac1 dev]#/sbin/scsi_id-g-u-d/dev/sdf
1ata_vbox_harddisk_vba36c3c6c-9da6bb20
[Root@ol6-121-rac1 dev]#/sbin/scsi_id-g-u-d/DEV/SDG
1ATA_VBOX_HARDDISK_VBCB790F45-DE2F86FB
[Root@ol6-121-rac1 dev]#/sbin/ Scsi_id-g-u-d/DEV/SDH
1ata_vbox_harddisk_vb4489ed5a-e05a9613
[Root@ol6-121-rac1 dev]#
6. After obtaining the above information, In the two-node/etc/udev/rules.d/99-oracle-asmdevices.rules file, add the following lines:

kernel== "Sd?1", bus== "scsi", program== "/sbin/scsi_id-g-u-d/dev/$parent", result== "1ata_vbox_harddisk_" Vba36c3c6c-9da6bb20 ", name=" asm_acfs_3g_01 ", owner=" Oracle ", group=" DBA ", mode=" 0660
kernel== "Sd?1", bus== "scsi", program== "/sbin/scsi_id-g-u-d/dev/$parent", result== "1ata_vbox_harddisk_" VBCB790F45-DE2F86FB ", name=" asm_acfs_3g_02 ", owner=" Oracle ", group=" DBA ", mode=" 0660
kernel== "Sd?1", bus== "scsi", program== "/sbin/scsi_id-g-u-d/dev/$parent", result== "1ata_vbox_harddisk_" vb4489ed5a-e05a9613 ", name=" asm_acfs_3g_03 ", owner=" Oracle ", group=" DBA ", mode=" 0660
7. Restart the two-node Udev service, or directly restart two nodes:

Crsctl Stop CRS
/sbin/udevadm Control--reload-rules
/sbin/start_udev
Second, create Acfs file system

8. At two nodes, create mount point for ACFS file system

[Root@ol6-121-rac1 ~]# mkdir-p/mnt/acfs
[Root@ol6-121-rac1 ~]# chown Oracle:oinstall/mnt/acfs

[Root@ol6-121-rac2 ~]# mkdir-p/mnt/acfs
[Root@ol6-121-rac2 ~]# chown Oracle:oinstall/mnt/acfs
9. First check the disk that can be used for new DiskGroup

Sql&gt; Select path, name, Header_status, os_mb from V$asm_disk;





PATH NAME Header_statu OS_MB


------------------------------ ------------------------------ ------------ ----------


/DEV/ASM_ACFS_3G_03 candidate 3067


/DEV/ASM_ACFS_3G_01 candidate 3067


/DEV/ASM_ACFS_3G_02 candidate 3067


/dev/asm-disk1 data_0000 member 5114


/dev/asm-disk2 data_0001 member 5114


/DEV/ASM-DISK3 DATA_0002 member 5114


/DEV/ASM-DISK4 data_0003 member 5114





7 rows selected.


10. New DiskGroup Dg_acfs

sql> CREATE diskgroup dg_acfs EXTERNAL Redundancy DISK
2 '/dev/asm_acfs_3g_01 ' SIZE 3000M,
3 '/dev/asm_acfs_3g_02 ' size 3000M,
4 '/dev/asm_acfs_3g_03 ' size 3000M
5 ATTRIBUTE ' compatible.asm ' = ' 12.1.0.0.0 ';

DiskGroup created.

Sql>
11. Set compatible for more than 12.1

Sql> alter diskgroup DG_ACFS set attribute ' compatible.advm ' = ' 12.1.0.0.0 ';

DiskGroup altered.
You can also:
asmcmd> setattr-g Dg_acfs COMPATIBLE.ADVM 12.1.0.0.0
12. Establishment of Volumns

Sql> alter DiskGroup DG_ACFS add volume VOL1 size 8000M;

DiskGroup altered.
You can also:
asmcmd> volcreate-g dg_acfs-s 8000M--column 1 VOL1
13. Check Equipment Name:

Sql&gt; Select Volume_name,volume_device from V$asm_volume


2/





Volume_Name Volume_device


------------------------------ ----------------------------------------


vol1/dev/asm/vol1-28 &lt;&lt;&lt;&lt;&lt;&lt; device name, next MKFS will be used





Sql&gt;


can also


asmcmd&gt; volinfo-g Dg_acfs VOL1


DiskGroup NAME:DG_ACFS





Volume Name:vol1


Volume Device:/dev/asm/vol1-28 &lt;&lt;&lt;&lt;&lt;&lt; device name, next MKFS will be used


State:enabled


Size (MB): 8000


Resize Unit (MB): 32


Redundancy:unprot


Stripe columns:4


Stripe Width (K): 128


Usage:


Mountpath:





Asmcmd&gt;


14. Establishment of a file system:

[Root@ol6-121-rac1 ~]# mkfs-t acfs/dev/asm/vol1-28
Mkfs.acfs:version = 12.1.0.1.0
Mkfs.acfs:on-disk Version = 39.0
Mkfs.acfs:volume =/dev/asm/vol1-28
Mkfs.acfs:volume size = 8388608000
Mkfs.acfs:Format complete.
[Root@ol6-121-rac1 ~]#
15. Register the Acfs file system with CRS:

[Root@ol6-121-rac1 ~]# acfsutil registry-a/DEV/ASM/VOL1-28/MNT/ACFS
Acfsutil Registry:mount Point/mnt/acfs successfully added to Oracle registry
[Root@ol6-121-rac1 ~]#
Or:
[Root@ol6-121-rac1 ~]# srvctl add filesystem-m/mnt/acfs-d/dev/asm/vol1-28
16. Mount the Acfs file system to mount point:

[Root@ol6-121-rac1 ~]# Df-k


FileSystem 1k-blocks Used Available use% mounted on


/dev/mapper/vg_ol6121rac1-lv_root


28423176 16096244 10883092 60%/


Tmpfs 2560000 2038752 521248 80%/DEV/SHM


/DEV/SDA1 495844 56258 413986 12%/boot


[Root@ol6-121-rac1 ~]#


[Root@ol6-121-rac1 ~]# mount-t Acfs/dev/asm/vol1-28/mnt/acfs


[Root@ol6-121-rac1 ~]#


[Root@ol6-121-rac1 ~]# Df-k


FileSystem 1k-blocks Used Available use% mounted on


/dev/mapper/vg_ol6121rac1-lv_root


28423176 16096324 10883012 60%/


Tmpfs 2560000 2038752 521248 80%/DEV/SHM


/DEV/SDA1 495844 56258 413986 12%/boot


/dev/asm/vol1-190 9117696 57360 9060336 1%/MNT/ACFS


[Root@ol6-121-rac1 ~]#


17. Check Status:

[root@ol6-121-rac1 ~]# srvctl config filesystem-d/dev/asm/vol1-28
Volume Device:/dev/asm/vol1-190
Canonical Volume Device:/dev/asm/vol1-190
Mountpoint Path:/MNT/ACFS
User:
Type:acfs
Mount options:
Description:
Nodes:
Server Pools:
Application ID:
ACFS file system is enabled
[Root@ol6-121-rac1 ~]#
[Root@ol6-121-rac1 ~]# srvctl status filesystem-d/dev/asm/vol1-28
ACFS file System/mnt/acfs is mounted on nodes OL6-121-RAC1,OL6-121-RAC2
[Root@ol6-121-rac1 ~]#
Third, create the database on the Acfs file system in Node 1.

18. Use DBCA to create a database on the Acfs file system. Note that the type of the storage type is to select File system and select the mount point that is established above.

The concrete step is slightly.

19. Check the created DB, the DB instance we tested here is named Acfsdb:

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------


Name Target State Server Details


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------


Local Resources


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------


Ora. Asmnet1lsnr_asm.lsnr


Online Online Ol6-121-rac1 Stable


Online Online OL6-121-RAC2 Stable


Ora. Data.dg


Online Online Ol6-121-rac1 Stable


Online Online OL6-121-RAC2 Stable


Ora. Dg_acfs. Vol1.advm


Online online Ol6-121-rac1 Volume device/dev/a


Sm/vol1-28 is online


, stable


Online online Ol6-121-rac2 Volume device/dev/a


Sm/vol1-28 is online


, stable


Ora. Dg_acfs.dg


Online Online Ol6-121-rac1 Stable


Online Online OL6-121-RAC2 Stable


Ora. Listener.lsnr


Online Online Ol6-121-rac1 Stable


Online Online OL6-121-RAC2 Stable


Ora.dg_acfs.vol1.acfs


Online online OL6-121-RAC1 mounted ON/MNT/ACFS


, stable


Online online OL6-121-RAC2 mounted ON/MNT/ACFS


, stable


Ora.net1.network


Online Online Ol6-121-rac1 Stable


Online Online OL6-121-RAC2 Stable


Ora.ons


Online Online Ol6-121-rac1 Stable


Online Online OL6-121-RAC2 Stable


Ora.proxy_advm


Online Online Ol6-121-rac1 Stable


Online Online OL6-121-RAC2 Stable


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------


Cluster Resources


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------


Ora. Listener_scan1.lsnr


1 Online Online Ol6-121-rac2 stable


Ora. Listener_scan2.lsnr


1 Online Online Ol6-121-rac1 stable


Ora. Listener_scan3.lsnr


1 Online Online Ol6-121-rac1 stable


Ora.acfsdb.db


1 Online Online Ol6-121-rac1 open,stable


Ora.asm


1 Online Online Ol6-121-rac1 stable


2 Online Online Ol6-121-rac2 stable


3 OFFLINE OFFLINE Stable


Ora.cdbrac.db


1 OFFLINE OFFLINE Instance shutdown,st


Able


2 OFFLINE OFFLINE Instance shutdown,st


Able


Ora.cvu


1 Online Online Ol6-121-rac1 stable


Ora.gns


1 Online Online Ol6-121-rac1 stable


Ora.gns.vip


1 Online Online Ol6-121-rac1 stable


Ora.oc4j


1 OFFLINE OFFLINE Stable


Ora.ol6-121-rac1.vip


1 Online Online Ol6-121-rac1 stable


Ora.ol6-121-rac2.vip


1 Online Online Ol6-121-rac2 stable


Ora.scan1.vip


1 Online Online Ol6-121-rac2 stable


Ora.scan2.vip


1 Online Online Ol6-121-rac1 stable


Ora.scan3.vip


1 Online Online Ol6-121-rac1 stable


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[oracle@ol6-121-rac1 ~]$ srvctl config database-d acfsdb


Database Unique Name:acfsdb


Database Name:acfsdb


Oracle Home:/u01/app/oracle/product/12.1.0.1/db_1


Oracle user:oracle


Spfile:/u01/app/oracle/product/12.1.0.1/db_1/dbs/spfileacfsdb.ora


Password file:


Domain:


Start Options:open


Stop options:immediate


Database role:primary


Management policy:automatic


Server Pools:acfsdb


Database Instance:acfsdb


Disk Groups:


Mount Point paths:


Services:


Type:single


Database is administrator managed


Sql&gt; select file_name from Dba_data_files;





file_name


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------


/mnt/acfs/oradata/acfsdb/system01.dbf


/mnt/acfs/oradata/acfsdb/sysaux01.dbf


/mnt/acfs/oradata/acfsdb/undotbs01.dbf


/mnt/acfs/oradata/acfsdb/users01.dbf





Sql&gt;


Sql&gt; select name from V$controlfile;





NAME


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------


/mnt/acfs/oradata/acfsdb/control01.ctl


/mnt/acfs/oradata/acfsdb/control02.ctl





Sql&gt;


Sql&gt;


Sql&gt;


Sql&gt; Select member from V$logfile;





Member


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------


/mnt/acfs/oradata/acfsdb/redo01.log


/mnt/acfs/oradata/acfsdb/redo02.log


/mnt/acfs/oradata/acfsdb/redo03.log





Sql&gt; select file_name from Dba_temp_files;





file_name


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------


/mnt/acfs/oradata/acfsdb/temp01.dbf





Sql&gt;


Four, while running DML on Node 1, generate snapshot

20. Our command to create snapshot is acfsutil, so let's take a look at the current snapshot:

[Oracle@ol6-121-rac1 logs]$ acfsutil Snap Info/mnt/acfs
Number of snapshots:0
Snapshot Space usage:0
[Oracle@ol6-121-rac1 logs]$
21. We first try to create a read-only (read-only, RO) Snapshot:

[oracle@ol6-121-rac1 logs]$ date
Wed Feb 22:40:34 CST 2016
[oracle@ol6-121-rac1 logs]$ acfsutil Snap Create ASFSDB_SNAP01/MNT/ACFS
Acfsutil Snap create:snapshot operation is complete.
[Oracle@ol6-121-rac1 logs]$ date
Wed Feb 22:40:40 CST 2016
[oracle@ol6-121-rac1 logs]$ acfsutil Snap info/mnt/ ACFS
Snapshot name:               Asfsdb_snap01
Ro snapshot or RW snapshot:  ro <<<<<<<< Note here, similar to Ro, that is, read-only.
Parent name:                 /MNT/ACFS
Snapshot creation time:      Wed Feb-22:40:36 2016
 
     number of snapshots:  1
    snapshot space usage:122757120
[ Oracle@ol6-121-rac1 logs]$
22. Note that the above snapshot file is based on an implied directory under your mount point. ACFS under:

[Root@ol6-121-rac1 acfsdb]# cd/mnt/acfs/. Acfs/snaps/asfsdb_snap01/oradata/acfsdb


[Root@ol6-121-rac1 acfsdb]# Ls-al


Total 1714424


Drwxr-x---. 2 Oracle Oinstall 8192 Feb 24 21:27.


Drwxr-x---. 3 Oracle Oinstall 8192 Feb 24 21:25.


-rw-r-----. 1 Oracle DBA 10043392 Feb 22:40 control01.ctl


-rw-r-----. 1 Oracle DBA 10043392 Feb 22:40 control02.ctl


-rw-r-----. 1 Oracle DBA 52429312 Feb 22:03 Redo01.log


-rw-r-----. 1 Oracle DBA 52429312 Feb 22:40 Redo02.log


-rw-r-----. 1 Oracle DBA 52429312 Feb 22:01 Redo03.log


-rw-r-----. 1 Oracle DBA 576724992 Feb 22:40 sysaux01.dbf


-rw-r-----. 1 Oracle DBA 734011392 Feb 22:39 system01.dbf


-rw-r-----. 1 Oracle DBA 20979712 Feb 22:40 temp01.dbf


-rw-r-----. 1 Oracle DBA 241180672 Feb 22:39 undotbs01.dbf


-rw-r-----. 1 Oracle DBA 5251072 Feb 22:38 users01.dbf


[Root@ol6-121-rac1 acfsdb]#


23. We may as well build a few more snapshot:

[Oracle@ol6-121-rac1 ~]$ Date


Wed Feb 22:52:45 CST 2016


[Oracle@ol6-121-rac1 ~]$ acfsutil snap create-w Asfsdb_snap02/mnt/acfs


Acfsutil Snap Create:snapshot operation is complete.


[Oracle@ol6-121-rac1 ~]$ Date


Wed Feb 22:52:45 CST 2016


[Oracle@ol6-121-rac1 ~]$


[Oracle@ol6-121-rac1 ~]$ acfsutil Snap Info/mnt/acfs


Snapshot name:asfsdb_snap01


RO Snapshot or RW Snapshot:ro


Parent Name:/MNT/ACFS


Snapshot creation time:wed Feb 24 22:40:36 2016





Snapshot name:asfsdb_snap02


RO Snapshot or RW snapshot:rw


Parent Name:/MNT/ACFS


Snapshot creation time:wed Feb 24 22:52:45 2016





Number of Snapshots:2


Snapshot Space usage:265420800


[Oracle@ol6-121-rac1 ~]$


[Oracle@ol6-121-rac1 ~]$ Date


Acfsutil Snap Create-w Asfsdb_snap03/mnt/acfs


Datethu Feb 15:15:08 CST 2016


[Oracle@ol6-121-rac1 ~]$ acfsutil snap create-w Asfsdb_snap03/mnt/acfs


Acfsutil Snap Create:snapshot operation is complete.


[Oracle@ol6-121-rac1 ~]$ Date


Thu Feb 15:15:11 CST 2016


[Oracle@ol6-121-rac1 ~]$


[Oracle@ol6-121-rac1 ~]$


[Oracle@ol6-121-rac1 ~]$


[Oracle@ol6-121-rac1 ~]$


[Oracle@ol6-121-rac1 ~]$ Date


Thu Feb 15:15:33 CST 2016


[Oracle@ol6-121-rac1 ~]$ acfsutil snap create-w Asfsdb_snap04/mnt/acfs


Acfsutil Snap Create:snapshot operation is complete.


[Oracle@ol6-121-rac1 ~]$ Date


Thu Feb 15:15:33 CST 2016


[Oracle@ol6-121-rac1 ~]$


24. It can be seen that 4 snapshot have been established. The first one is read-only (RO), and the latter 3 are read/write (RW). The difference is whether you add the-w argument when you create it with Acfsutil. Otherwise, the no-w parameter is read-only by default.

[Oracle@ol6-121-rac1 ~]$ acfsutil Snap Info/mnt/acfs


Snapshot name:asfsdb_snap01


RO Snapshot or RW Snapshot:ro


Parent Name:/MNT/ACFS


Snapshot creation time:wed Feb 24 22:40:36 2016





Snapshot name:asfsdb_snap02


RO Snapshot or RW snapshot:rw


Parent Name:/MNT/ACFS


Snapshot creation time:wed Feb 24 22:52:45 2016





Snapshot name:asfsdb_snap03


RO Snapshot or RW snapshot:rw


Parent Name:/MNT/ACFS


Snapshot creation Time:thu Feb 25 15:15:09 2016





Snapshot name:asfsdb_snap04


RO Snapshot or RW snapshot:rw


Parent Name:/MNT/ACFS


Snapshot creation Time:thu Feb 25 15:15:33 2016





Number of Snapshots:4


Snapshot Space usage:2430095360


[Oracle@ol6-121-rac1 ~]$





[Oracle@ol6-121-rac1 ~]$ acfsutil Info fs/mnt/acfs


/mnt/acfs


ACFS version:12.1.0.1.0


Flags:mountpoint,available


Mount Time:thu Feb 25 13:37:36 2016


Volumes:1


Total size:8388608000


Total free:3935641600


Primary Volume:/dev/asm/vol1-28


Label


Flags:primary,available,advm


On-disk version:43.0


Allocation unit:4096


Major, minor:251, 14337


size:8388608000


free:3935641600


ADVM DiskGroup Dg_acfs


ADVM Resize increment:33554432


ADVM redundancy:unprotected


ADVM Stripe columns:4


ADVM Stripe width:131072


Number of Snapshots:4 &lt;&lt;&lt;&lt; has 4 snapshot


Snapshot space usage:2430095360 &lt;&lt;&lt;&lt;&lt;&lt; 4 snapshot, spaces only use 2.4G. Although the size of a set of data files is more than 1 G.


Replication status:disabled


[Oracle@ol6-121-rac1 ~]$


Acfs's snapshot function is powerful, not only to establish read-only, read-write, but also to convert between read-only and read and write, in addition, can also build snapshot-of-snapshot, You specify the parent snapshot on Acfsutil when you add the-p parameter.

V. Use the snapshot generated above to pull up another database on Node 2.

25. First create a pfile on Node 2 that can be copied from node 1, but there are some areas that need to be modified:

[Oracle@ol6-121-rac2 dbs]$ cat Initacfsdb.ora
*.audit_file_dest= '/u01/app/oracle/admin/acfsdb/adump '
*. Audit_trail= ' db '
*.compatible= ' 12.1.0.0.0 '
*.control_files= '/mnt/acfs/. Acfs/snaps/asfsdb_snap01/oradata/acfsdb/control01.ctl ', '/mnt/acfs/. Acfs/snaps/asfsdb_snap01/oradata/acfsdb/control02.ctl ' <<<<<<< Modify the path here to the path of snapshot
*.db_ block_size=8192
*.db_domain= '
*.db_name= ' acfsdb '
*.db_unique_name= ' Cowacfs ' <<<<<< < This must be added db_unique_name, otherwise the OCSSD process will detect the presence of 2 instance, the error instance_number busy
*.diagnostic_dest= '/u01/app/ Oracle '
*.dispatchers= ' (protocol=tcp) (service=acfsdbxdb) '
#*.local_listener= ' listener_acfsdb ' << <<<< Modify here
*.memory_target=1160m
*.open_cursors=300
*.processes=300
*.remote_login_ Passwordfile= ' EXCLUSIVE '
*.undo_tablespace= ' UNDOTBS1 '
Remember that you have to add db_unique_name, otherwise, in a cluster environment, even if you have Srvctl Remove to the database information, but add the same instance time, still will complain:

Sql> Startup Nomount
Ora-00304:requested Instance_number is busy
Sql> exit
Must be solved by db_unique_name.

26. At this point, the snapshot should be started with read-write (RW), if it is read only snapshot, can not boot to mount, because the file is read-only. In Alertlog, you will see the following error:

Thu Feb 25 13:44:12 2016
ALTER DATABASE Mount
Thu Feb 25 13:44:17 2016
Errors in FILE/U01/APP/ORACLE/DIAG/RDBMS/COWACFS/ACFSDB/TRACE/ACFSDB_ORA_11237.TRC:
Ora-00206:error in writing (blocks 1, # blocks 1) of control file
Ora-00202:control file: '/mnt/acfs/. Acfs/snaps/asfsdb_snap01/oradata/acfsdb/control01.ctl '
Ora-27041:unable to open File
Linux-x86_64 Error:13:permission denied
Additional Information:3
ORA-221 signalled During:alter database mount ...
27. Need to use the read and write that snapshot to start, we use the fourth snapshot to start on Node 2:
Note, at this time pfile control file has been changed to become the asfsdb_snap04 of that.

[Oracle@ol6-121-rac2 dbs]$ sqlplus "/As SYSDBA"
 
sql*plus:release 12.1.0.1.0 Production on Thu Feb 25 1 5:18:41 2016
 
Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, oracle.  All rights reserved.
 
Connected to a ID Le instance.
 
sql> startup Nomount
ORACLE instance started.
 
Total System Global area 1219260416 by TES
Fixed size                   2287768 bytes
Variable size              855639912 bytes
Database buffers          352321536 bytes
Redo buffers                9011200 bytes
Sql> ALTER DATABASE Mount
  2 /
 
database altered.
&NBSP ;
28. After booting to mount, we will control the file path information in the file and change to the ACFSDB_SNAP04 path:

Check the current path first


Sql&gt; select name from V$datafile


2 UNION ALL


3 Select name from V$tempfile


4 UNION ALL


5 Select member from V$logfile;





NAME


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ---------------------------------------------------------------------


/mnt/acfs/oradata/acfsdb/system01.dbf


/mnt/acfs/oradata/acfsdb/sysaux01.dbf


/mnt/acfs/oradata/acfsdb/undotbs01.dbf


/mnt/acfs/oradata/acfsdb/users01.dbf


/mnt/acfs/oradata/acfsdb/temp01.dbf


/mnt/acfs/oradata/acfsdb/redo01.log


/mnt/acfs/oradata/acfsdb/redo02.log


/mnt/acfs/oradata/acfsdb/redo03.log





8 rows selected.





Generate Modify Script


SELECT DISTINCT ' ALTER DATABASE rename file ' | | | a.name| | | ' To ' | | | substr (C.name,1,instr (c.name, '/',-1)) | | substr (A.name,instr (A.name, '/', -1) +1) | | | ' from v$controlfile C, v$datafile a


UNION ALL


SELECT DISTINCT ' ALTER DATABASE rename file ' | | | b.name| | | ' To ' | | | substr (C.name,1,instr (c.name, '/',-1)) | | substr (B.name,instr (b.name, '/', -1) +1) | | | ' from v$controlfile C, V$tempfile b


UNION ALL


SELECT DISTINCT ' ALTER DATABASE rename file ' | | | d.member| | | ' To ' | | | substr (C.name,1,instr (c.name, '/',-1)) | | substr (D.member,instr (D.member, '/', -1) +1) | | | ' from v$controlfile c, V$logfile D;





Execute the statement above that modifies the script generated:


Alter DATABASE rename file '/mnt/acfs/oradata/acfsdb/sysaux01.dbf ' to '/mnt/acfs/. ACFS/SNAPS/ASFSDB_SNAP04/ORADATA/ACFSDB/SYSAUX01.DBF ';


Alter DATABASE rename file '/mnt/acfs/oradata/acfsdb/system01.dbf ' to '/mnt/acfs/. ACFS/SNAPS/ASFSDB_SNAP04/ORADATA/ACFSDB/SYSTEM01.DBF ';


Alter DATABASE rename file '/mnt/acfs/oradata/acfsdb/undotbs01.dbf ' to '/mnt/acfs/. ACFS/SNAPS/ASFSDB_SNAP04/ORADATA/ACFSDB/UNDOTBS01.DBF ';


Alter DATABASE rename file '/mnt/acfs/oradata/acfsdb/users01.dbf ' to '/mnt/acfs/. ACFS/SNAPS/ASFSDB_SNAP04/ORADATA/ACFSDB/USERS01.DBF ';


Alter DATABASE rename file '/mnt/acfs/oradata/acfsdb/temp01.dbf ' to '/mnt/acfs/. ACFS/SNAPS/ASFSDB_SNAP04/ORADATA/ACFSDB/TEMP01.DBF ';


Alter DATABASE rename file '/mnt/acfs/oradata/acfsdb/redo01.log ' to '/mnt/acfs/. Acfs/snaps/asfsdb_snap04/oradata/acfsdb/redo01.log ';


Alter DATABASE rename file '/mnt/acfs/oradata/acfsdb/redo02.log ' to '/mnt/acfs/. Acfs/snaps/asfsdb_snap04/oradata/acfsdb/redo02.log ';


Alter DATABASE rename file '/mnt/acfs/oradata/acfsdb/redo03.log ' to '/mnt/acfs/. Acfs/snaps/asfsdb_snap04/oradata/acfsdb/redo03.log ';





Database altered.





Sql&gt;


Database altered.





Sql&gt;


Database altered.





Sql&gt;


Database altered.





Sql&gt;


Database altered.





Sql&gt;


Database altered.





Sql&gt;


Database altered.





Sql&gt;


Database altered.





Check for modified results:


Sql&gt; select name from V$datafile


2 UNION ALL


3 Select name from V$tempfile


4 UNION ALL


5 Select member from V$logfile;





NAME


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ---------------------------------------------------------------------


/mnt/acfs/. Acfs/snaps/asfsdb_snap04/oradata/acfsdb/system01.dbf


/mnt/acfs/. Acfs/snaps/asfsdb_snap04/oradata/acfsdb/sysaux01.dbf


/mnt/acfs/. Acfs/snaps/asfsdb_snap04/oradata/acfsdb/undotbs01.dbf


/mnt/acfs/. Acfs/snaps/asfsdb_snap04/oradata/acfsdb/users01.dbf


/mnt/acfs/. Acfs/snaps/asfsdb_snap04/oradata/acfsdb/temp01.dbf


/mnt/acfs/. Acfs/snaps/asfsdb_snap04/oradata/acfsdb/redo01.log


/mnt/acfs/. Acfs/snaps/asfsdb_snap04/oradata/acfsdb/redo02.log


/mnt/acfs/. Acfs/snaps/asfsdb_snap04/oradata/acfsdb/redo03.log





8 rows selected.





To open a database:


sql&gt; ALTER DATABASE open;





Database altered.





Sql&gt;


Sql&gt; Select Max (To_char (mydate, ' Yyyy-mm-dd hh24:mi:ss ') from T1;





MAX (To_char (MyDate,


-------------------


2016-02-25 15:15:33





Sql&gt;


As you can see, I do snapsnot on one side, while doing DML insert Sysdate, the last record of the recovered T1 table is 15:15:33, and also my snapshot creation time:

Snapshot name:asfsdb_snap04
RO Snapshot or RW snapshot:rw
Parent Name:/MNT/ACFS
Snapshot creation Time:thu Feb 25 15:15:33 2016
Finally, again, although we can snapshot the main library, to do the cow library, but a better way is to dataguard the disaster preparedness of the database to do snapshot, so as to brush out a cow library. This is also copy-on-write and has no effect on the main library. Make the architecture diagram as follows:

oracle 12c rac安装acfs文件系统教程-oracle 12c rac 安装

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