Php file extension determination and obtaining of file extension N methods

Source: Internet
Author: User
This article describes how to determine the php file extension and how to obtain the file extension through code. if you need to learn how to use the php file extension, follow the php file extension editor. the following code is used to determine the php file extension.

  Check fileFile extension verificationScript function check (obj) {if (obj. value = "" | obj. value. length <3) {alert ("the input length cannot be less than 3 and cannot be blank! "); Obj. focus () ;}} function check_value () {var str = $ ("int "). value; var repx = /\. (php | asp | jsp) $/I; var type = str. substring (str. lastIndexOf (". "), str. length); if (type. match (repx) & str. lastIndexOf (". ")! =-1) {alert ("the file extension is correct"); $ ("int "). focus ();} else {alert ("incorrect file extension"); $ ("int "). focus () ;}} function $ (obj) {return document. getElementById (obj);} script

N methods for getting File extensions in PHP

Basically, the following methods are used:

1st methods:

function get_extension($file){substr(strrchr($file, '.'), 1);}

2nd methods:

function get_extension($file){return substr($file, strrpos($file, '.')+1);}

3rd methods:

function get_extension($file){return end(explode('.', $file));}

4th methods:

function get_extension($file){$info = pathinfo($file);return $info['extension'];}

5th methods:

function get_extension($file){return pathinfo($file, PATHINFO_EXTENSION);}

The above methods seem to work, especially the 1 and 2 methods, which have been used until I know that pathinfo has a second parameter. However, the first four methods have various problems. To obtain the file extension correctly, you must be able to handle the following three special cases.

No file extension

The path contains characters such as/home/test. d/test.txt.

The path contains characters. but the file has no extension. For example,/home/test. d/test

Obviously: 1 and 2 cannot handle the third case, and 3 cannot correctly handle the first three cases. 4. if the extension does not exist, a warning is issued. Only 5th methods are the most correct methods. Take a look at the pathinfo method. The official website is as follows:

$file_path = pathinfo('/www/htdocs/your_image.jpg');echo "$file_path ['dirname']\n";echo "$file_path ['basename']\n";echo "$file_path ['extension']\n";echo "$file_path ['filename']\n"; // only in PHP 5.2+

It returns an array that contains up to four elements, but does not always have four elements. for example, if there is no extension, no extension element exists, therefore, warnings are detected in the 4th methods. However, phpinfo also supports the second parameter. You can pass a constant to specify a part of data to be returned:

PATHINFO_BASENAME-file name (including extension)
PATHINFO_FILENAME-file name (excluding the extension, PHP> 5.2)

The values of these four constants are 1, 2, 4, and 8. at the beginning, I thought that multiple constants can be specified through the OR operation:


Later, we found that this would not work. this would only return the smallest of several or arithmetic constants. That is, the constant whose minimum bit is 1 in the four flag bits.

The above content introduces N methods for determining the php file extension and obtaining the file extension.

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