Scope, lifetime, and visibility of C + + variables

Source: Internet
Author: User

Local variables

Scope: A variable defined within a function that is scoped to the body of the function.

Lifetime: The program executes to this function to assign a memory unit to a local variable, and the storage unit that the local variable occupies is freed after the function executes

Global variables

Variables defined outside the body of the function are global variables that can be used by all other functions in this file.

Scope: All files. In a CPP-defined global variable used in another CPP, the extern description should be inside or outside the function body that uses it

Lifetime: A global variable occupies a fixed memory unit during the execution of a program, and the lifetime is the entire program running.

Experiment Code

Scope, lifetime, and visibility of/** variables * date:2015-07-13* author:zhang*/#include <iostream>using namespace std;void fn1 (); int x = 1;int y = 2;int main () {int x = 10;int y = 20;cout << "x =" << x << ", y =" << y << endl;fn1 (); Co UT << "x =" << x << ", y =" << y << endl;return 0;} void Fn1 () {int y = 100;cout << "x =" << x << ", y =" << y << Endl;}

Operation Result:

x = 10,y = 20x = 1,y =100x = 10,y = 20

From the running result, when the local variable has the same name as the global variable, the global variable is hidden within the scope of the local variable.

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Copyright NOTICE: This article for Bo Master original article, without Bo Master permission not reproduced.

Scope, lifetime, and visibility of C + + variables

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