Linux shell different binary data conversion (binary, octal, Hex, base64)

Source: Internet
Author: User
Tags base64 string back

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The shell can represent different binary data without invoking a 3rd party command. Here is a summary of the presentation methods. The default value of the shell script is handled by a 10 binary number, unless the number is preceded by a particular notation or prefix. To represent other binary type values. such as: Starting with 0 is the 8 binary. Starting with 0x is the 16 binary number. Using Base#number this form can represent other binary. Base value: 2-64.

How to use:

    • Other binary into 10 binary

Octal goto Decimal:

[Email protected] ~]$ ((num=0123));
[Email protected] ~]$ echo $num;

[Email protected] ~]$ ((num=8#123));
[Email protected] ~]$ echo $num;

((expression)), (()), which can be any data expression. If you previously added: "$" You can read the results of the calculation.

Hexadecimal to decimal:

[Email protected] ~]$ ((num=0xff));
[Email protected] ~]$ echo $num;
[Email protected] ~]$ ((NUM=16#FF));
[Email protected] ~]$ echo $num;

base-32 Turn decimal:

[Email protected] ~]$ ((NUM=32#FFFF));
[Email protected] ~]$ echo $num;

Base64 Turn decimal:

[Email protected] ~]$ ((NUM=64#ABC_));
[Email protected] ~]$ echo $num;

Binary goto Decimal

[Email protected] ~]$ ((num=2#11111111));
[Email protected] ~]$ echo $num;

    • Decimal to other binary (this chapter is wrong, this is a hint!) )

Decimal Turn octal

This is used here: the BC External command is complete. The BC command format is converted to: echo "obase=; value" |BC

[Email protected] ~]$ echo "obase=8;01234567" |BC

Binary, hexadecimal, base64 conversion to decimal is also the same method.

[Email protected] ~]$ echo "obase=64;123456" |BC
30 09 00

Shell, built-in various notation methods are very simple. Remember Base#number can. Remember to use the (()) notation when assigning values. You can't use the = number directly. The = number does not have a value type. The default is to turn the string back on. Such as:

[Email protected] ~]$ num=0123;
[Email protected] ~]$ echo $num;

The beginning of 0 has lost its meaning.

You can achieve the (()) effect by using the definition: let.

[[email protected] ~]$ let num=0123;
[Email protected] ~]$ echo $num;

Linux shell different binary data conversion (binary, octal, Hex, base64)

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