Oracle decode functions and sign functions

Source: Internet
Author: User

Process Control function DECODE

Introduction to the Decode () function:

Main functions:

Translate the results of the query into other values (i.e. in other forms, as illustrated below);

How to use:

Select decode (ColumnName, value 1, translation value 1, value 2, translation value 2,... Value n, translation value n, default value)

From Talbename

Where ...

Where ColumnName is the column defined in the table to be selected,

Meaning explanation:

Decode (condition, value 1, translation value 1, value 2, translation value 2,... The value n, the translation value n, the default value) is understood as follows:

if (condition = = value 1)


return (translation value 1)

elsif (Condition = = value 2)


Return (translation value 2)


elsif (Condition = = value N)


return (translated value n)


return (default value)

End If

Note: The default value can be either the column name you want to select, or the other values you want to define, such as other;

To illustrate:

Now defines a table named output, where two column definitions are Monthid (VAR) and sale (number type), translated to d,=2000 when translated to c,=3000 when sale value =1000 translation to a , if other values are translated as other;

SQL is as follows:

Select Monthid,decode (sale,1000, ' D ', +, ' C ', +, ' B ', 4000, ' A ', ' other ') sale from output

Special cases:

If you are comparing with only one value

Select Monthid, decode (sale, NULL, '---', sale) sale from output

Another: Decode can use other functions, such as the NVL function or the sign () function, etc.

Compare size function Sign

function Syntax:
Sign (n)

Function Description:
Take the sign of the number n, greater than 0 returns 1, less than 0 returns-1, equals 0 returns 0

1. Select sign (+), sign (-+), sign (0) from dual;

Sign ( -100) sign (0)
———- ———- ———-
1-1 0

2, A=10,b=20
Sign (A-B) returns-1


If EXPR1 is null, the EXPR2 is returned, otherwise EXPR1 is returned.

SELECT Name,nvl (To_char (COMM), ' not application ') from TABLE1;

If you use the Decode function, it's

Select Monthid,decode (NVL (sale,6000), 6000, ' NG ', ' OK ') from output

The sign () function returns 0, 1,-1, depending on whether a value is 0, positive, or negative.

If you take a smaller value, it's

Select Monthid,decode (sign (sale-6000), -1,sale,6000) is the goal of taking a smaller value from output.

Oracle decode functions and sign functions

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