Shell Learning 12-shell Array

Source: Internet
Author: User

The shell is much more programmatic in terms of programming than Windows batch processing, both in loops and operations.
Bash supports one-dimensional arrays (which do not support multidimensional arrays) and does not limit the size of arrays. Similar to the C language, the subscript of an array element is numbered starting with 0. Gets the elements in the array to take advantage of subscript, the subscript can be an integer or an arithmetic expression whose value should be greater than or equal to 0.
Defining arrays
In the shell, the array is represented by parentheses, and the elements of the array are separated by a "space" symbol. The general form of the definition array is:
Array_name= (value1 ... valuen)
For example:
Array_name= (value0 value1 value2 value3)
You can also define individual components of an array individually:
You can not use successive subscripts, and there is no limit to the range of subscripts.
Reading an array
The general format for reading array element values is:
For example:
As an example:
#!/bin/shname[0]= "Zara" name[1]= "Qadir" name[2]= "Mahnaz" name[3]= "Ayan" name[4]= "Daisy" echo "first Index: ${name[0]}" echo "Second Index: ${name[1]}"
Run script, Output:
$./test.shfirst Index:zarasecond Index:qadir
Use @ or * to get all the elements in the array, for example:
As an example:
#!/bin/shname[0]= "Zara" name[1]= "Qadir" name[2]= "Mahnaz" name[3]= "Ayan" name[4]= "Daisy" echo "first Method: ${name[*]} "Echo" Second Method: ${name[@]} "
Run script, Output:
$./test.shfirst Method:zara Qadir Mahnaz Ayan daisysecond Method:zara Qadir Mahnaz Ayan Daisy
Gets the length of the array
The method of getting the length of the array is the same as getting the string length, for example:
# Gets the number of array elements length=${#array_name [@]}# or length=${#array_name [*]}# Gets the length of the single element of the array lengthn=${#array_name [n]}

Shell Learning 12-shell Array

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