Vim IDE for Shell development

Source: Internet
Author: User
Tags builtin case statement


This article are part of the ongoing Vi/vim Tips and Tricks Series. As a Linux sysadmin or programmer, you could do following repetitive the tasks while Coding Bash shell script:

    • Adding file Header
    • Adding Function/frame Comment
    • including default code snippet
    • Performing syntax check
    • Reading documentation about a function
    • Converting a code block to comment, and vice versa

The Bash-support Vim Plugin offers easiest a-to does all of the above, saving lot of time and keystrokes.

The plugin was written by Fritz Mehner, who explains the purpose of the plugin as: "Write and run bash-scripts using menus and hotkeys. "

This article explains how to install the plugin in 3 easy steps and 8 powerful features of the plugin.

3 Steps to Install the Bash-support pluginstep 1:download the Bash-support plugin

Download the plugin from website.

$ cd /usr/src
$ wget -O
Step 2: Install the bash-support Vim Plugin
$ mkdir ~/.vim # if the directory does not exist already
$ cd ~/.vim
$ unzip /usr/src/
Step 3: Enable the plugin in the ~/.vimrc

Add the following line to the ~/.vimrc to enable the plugin for Vim editor.

$ vim ~/.vimrc
filetype plugin on
8 Powerful Features of Bash Vim Plugin Feature 1: Add Automatic Header to *.sh file

When you open a file with the extension .sh it opens the file with header as shown below. This will also place the cursor in the Description field in Insert mode.

#          FILE:
#         USAGE:  ./
#       OPTIONS:  ---
#          BUGS:  ---
#         NOTES:  ---
#        AUTHOR:   (),
#       COMPANY:
#       VERSION:  1.0
#       CREATED:  02/14/09 15:42:08 IST
#      REVISION:  ---

To change the default value of the AUTHOR and COMPANY, add the following lines in ~/.vimrc

let g:BASH_AuthorName   = ‘SathiyaMoorthy‘
let g:BASH_Email        = ‘[email protected]‘
let g:BASH_Company      = ‘Open Source Corporation‘

Now, when you create a new bash script file, it will show the modified values for AUTHOR and COMPANY as shown below.

#          FILE:
#         USAGE:  ./
#       OPTIONS:  ---
#          BUGS:  ---
#         NOTES:  ---
#        AUTHOR:  SathiyaMoorthy (), [email protected]
#       COMPANY:  Open Source Corporation
#       VERSION:  1.0
#       CREATED:  02/14/09 15:39:58 IST
#      REVISION:  ---

Note: To add custom fields to the header, modify the ~/.vim/perl-support/templates/bash-file-header file and add your own custom field.

Feature 2: Adding Bash Function Using \sfu

For writing a subroutine, type \sfu in normal mode, which will prompt for the function name (as shown in Fig1 below) and inserts the subroutine with default function content (as shown in Fig2 below).

Fig 1: Type \sfu to add a bash function inside a shell script


Fig 2: Bash function added automatically inside shell script

Feature 3: Insert a Function Header Using \cfu

For inserting a function header, type \cfu in normal mode, which shows comments as shown in Fig 3.


Fig 3: Type \cfu to insert a function header inside a shell script

Feature 4: Add a Frame Comment Using \cfr

To add a frame comment, type \cfr in normal mode, which will give the following formatted comment as shown in Figure 4.

Fig 4: Type \cfr to insert a frame comment inside a shell script

Feature 5: Insert Bash Statements Inside Shell Script

Short cut keys to insert statements are:

  • \sc case in … esac
  • \sl elif then
  • \sf for in do done
  • \sfo for ((…)) do done
  • \si if then fi
  • \sie if then else fi
  • \ss select in do done
  • \st until do done
  • \sw while do done
  • \sfu function
  • \se echo ­e “\n”
  • \sp printf “\n”
Example: Insert the Case Statement inside a shell script automatically

\sc will insert the case statements and places the cursor next to the case statement in INSERT mode as shown in figure 5. Like this you can use all the mentioned short cut keystrokes to get the appropriate statement in the table 1.

Fig 5: Type \sc to insert case statement inside bash shell script

Feature 6: Insert Predefined code-snippet to the Bash Script Using \nr

Code snippets can be read / written by using \nr and \nw respectively. The plugin comes with few pre-defined code snippets that you can insert into your code. Following are the default code snippets that comes with the plugin.

$ ls -1 ~/.vim/bash-support/codesnippets/

To include the check-number-of-command-line-arguments code snippet, press \nr and you will be prompted for a file name. Give the file name as check-number-of-command-line-arguments and the following code will be automatically inserted to the shell-script.

#  Check number of command line arguments
if [ $# -lt 1 ]
echo -e "\n\tUsage:  ${0##/*/} File\n"
exit 1

Note: You can define your own code snippets and place it under ~/.vim/bash-support/codesnippets/. You can also build your own code snippets from the existing code – select the part of code need to be made as code snippet, press \nw, and give a file-name to it. From next time, type \nr and the file-name to get your custom code snippet.

Feature 7: Get Quick Help on the Bash Builtin Commands

When you need to read help page for the bash builtins use \hh when the cursor is in the word.

In the following example (Fig 6), the read bash builtin command is selected and \hh is typed, which displayed the quick-help on the read command. Use the same method to get quick-help on all bash builtin commands.

Fig 6: Type \hh to get help about the selected bash builtin command

Feature 8: Featured Commenting

Following commands will add the corresponding keyword comments. For example, type \ckb to add the BUG comment line inside shell-script.

  • \ckb Keyword BUG
  • \ckt Keyword TODO
  • \ckr Keyword Tricky
  • \ckw Keyword WARNING

Type \ckt to add a comment line with the keyword “# :TODO: mm/dd/yy:: “. This is basically a comment line that acts as a TODO, where you can type the items that you would like to get it done later.

Fig 7: Type \ckt to add TODO inside bash shell script

There are lot of powerful features in the bash-support Plugin. Read the documentation for more information. The documentation is located in the following location on your system.

  • README : ~/.vim/README.bashsupport
  • PDF : ~/.vim/bash-support/doc/bash-hot-keys.pdf
  • Online bash-support vim plugin documentation
  • This plugin comes with a help file (bashsupport.txt) which can be viewed by :h bashsupport
  • [ Generate the help tags by  :helptags ~/.vim/doc, and then issue :h bashsupport ]
  • Additional Screenshots of this plug-in.


Recommended Reading

Vim 101 Hacks, by Ramesh Natarajan. I’m a command-line junkie. So, naturally I’m a huge fan of Vi and Vim editors. Several years back, when I wrote lot of C code on Linux, I used to read all available Vim editor tips and tricks. Based on my Vim editor experience, I’ve written Vim 101 Hacks eBook that contains 101 practical examples on various advanced Vim features that will make you fast and productive in the Vim editor. Even if you’ve been using Vi and Vim Editors for several years and have not read this book, please do yourself a favor and read this book. You’ll be amazed with the capabilities of Vim editor.

Vim ide for shell development

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