Award bios settings Manual

Source: Internet
Author: User
Tags ide hard drive

Award bios settings Manual

Award BIOS is a type of BIOS widely used on compatible computers. However, the information in Award BIOS is in English and requires a deep understanding of relevant professional knowledge, therefore, it is difficult to set up some users. If the information is improperly set, the performance of the entire computer host will be greatly affected. The following describes the meanings and methods of setting options in Award bios. The main menu of Award bios mainly includes the following menu items:

Standard CMOS setup (Standard CMOS settings ):

In this menu, you can modify the date, time, first primary ide device (hard disk) and IDE device (hard disk or CD-ROM), Second Primary ide device (hard disk or CD-ROM) and from the IDE device (hard disk or CD-ROM), disk drive a and B, display the type of the system, what error status to cause system boot pause and so on.


(1) You can set the type and mode items to auto so that the BIOS can automatically detect the hard disk. You can also set it in the ide hdd Auto Detection operation in the main menu. You can also use the user option to manually set hard disk parameters. You must enter cyls, heads, precomp, landz, sectorxs ), mode and other parameters. The hard disk size is automatically generated after the above parameter settings.

(2) available display types: accept/VGA (selected for the metric, VGA, Sega, sv ga, and PGA display adapter) and CGA 40 (CGA display card, 40 columns), cga80 (CGA display card, 80-column mode), Mono (monochrome display mode, including high-resolution single graphics card), etc., the user should choose according to the situation correctly.

(3) paused error status options: all errors (BiOS detects any errors, the system is paused, and an error prompt is displayed), n o errors (BIOS does not pause the system startup if any errors are detected), a ll but keyboard (BiOS detects errors other than the disk to pause the system boot, disk error pause), all but Disk/Key (BiOS detects errors other than the keyboard or disk to pause the system startup.

BiOS features setup (BIOS function settings)

This item is used to set a list of system configuration options. Some of the options are determined by the motherboard design. Some options can be modified to improve the system performance. The main instructions are as follows:

  (1)CPU internal cache: Enable by default, which allows the system to use the first level of cache inside the CPU. 486 and 586-level CPUs generally carry cache, unless the system is abnormal when this item is set to enable, this item should not be easily changed. If this option is set to disabl E (disabled), the system performance will be reduced.

  (2)External cache: The default value is enable, which is used to control the second-level (L2) cache on the motherboard. Select this option based on whether the master board has CAC he.

  (3)Quick power on self test: The default value is enable. This function is used to accelerate the automatic test on system power-on. It skips some self-tests. Accelerate the boot process.

  (4)Hard Disk boot from: select to start from the master disk, slave disk, or SCSI hard disk.

  (5)Boot sequence: select the boot sequence when the machine is powered on. When the machine is powered on, there are four startup sequence:

C. System A will search for the boot disk in the order of hard disk and soft drive.

System A and system C will search for boot Disks Based on the drive and hard disk order

For CDROM, C, and a systems, find the boot disk in the order of CDROM, hard disk, and soft drive.

C, CDROM, a system searches for the boot disk in the hard drive, CDROM, and soft drive Sequence

Note that some older motherboard does not support startup by CD-ROM.

The new motherboard now has more boot sequence such as D, a; LS 120, C; zip, and C.

  (6)Swap Floppy Drive (SWAP Floppy Drive) is set to disable by default. When it is disable, the BIOS regards the floppy disk drive connected by the soft drive link as the first drive. When it is enabled, the BIOS regards the floppy disk drive connected to the connection terminal as the first drive, that is, disk A under DOS as disk B, and disk B as disk.

  (7)Boot up floppy seek: When enable is enabled, the BIOS will track the soft drive when the machine starts.

  (8)Floppy disk access contol: When this option is selected in the R/W status, the disk can be read and written, and other statuses can only be read.

  (9)Boot up numlock strtus: This option is used to set the default status of the keypad. When it is set to on, after the system is started, the default keypad status is digital; when it is set to off, after the system is started, the keyboard status is Arrow.

  (10)Boot up system speed: This option is used to determine whether the system startup speed is high or low.

  (11)Typematic rate setting: Optional enable and disable. When set to enable, if you do not press a key on the keyboard, the machine presses the key repeatedly. When set to disable, if you press a key on the keyboard, press the key once.

  (12)Typematic rate: If the (11) option is set to enable, you can use this option to set that when you press a key on the keyboard for one second, it is equivalent to pressing the key six times. The options include 6, 8, 10, 12, 15, 2, 0, 24, and 30.

  (13)Typematic delay: If the (11) option is set to enab le, you can use this option to set that when you press a key, the key is repeatedly typed after a long delay. The options are 250, 500, 750, and 1 000, in milliseconds.

  (14)Security Option: When system is selected, you will be prompted to enter the password each time you start the server. When you select setup, you will be prompted to enter the password only when you enter c mos setup.

  (15)PS/2 mouse function control: when this item is set to enable, the machine provides support for the PS/2 type mouse. Otherwise, select disable.

  (16)Assign pci irq for VGA: When enable is selected, the machine automatically sets the IRQ of the PCI display card to the dram of the system to improve the display speed and system performance.

  (17)PCI/VGA palett snoop: This option is used to set whether the PCI/vgacard can be used with the mpeg ISA/VESA vgacard. When the PCI/vgacard is used together with the mpeg ISA/VESA vgacard, set this item to enable. If not, set it to disable.

  (18)OS select for DRAM> 64 MB: This option allows you to use more than 64 MB memory in the OS/2 operating system. Optional values: Non-os2 and os2.

  (19)System BIOS shadow: the default setting of this option is considered enable. When it is enabled, the system BIOS will copy it to the system dram to improve the system running speed and system performance.

  (20)Video BIOS shadow: enab Le is enabled by default. When enabled, the BIOS of the display card is copied to the system dram to improve the display speed and system performance.

  (21)C8000-CBFFF shadow/dffff shadow: These memory areas are used as Rom ing areas for other expansion cards and are generally set to disable ). If a ROM of an expansion card needs to be mapped, the user should figure out that the Rom will map the address and range, and can set the above memory areas to enable; however, this will cause a waste of memory space. Because the address space in the ing area will occupy the system's 640k ~ A memory segment between kb.

Chipset features setup (chipset function settings)

This item is used to set the features of the chip on the system board. It has the following options:

  (1)ISA bus clock frequency (pciclk/4) ISA transmission rate setting

The values are pciclk/3 and pciclk/4.

 (2)Auto Configuration (Enabled) Automatic status setting

When set to enabled, the BIOS is set to the optimal state. At this time, the BIOS will automatically set DRAM timing, so there will be a detailed sequence of DRA m that cannot be modified. We strongly recommend that you use enabled, any change to the dram sequence may cause system instability or shutdown.

  (3)Aggressive Mode (disabled) Advanced Mode settings

When you want to achieve better performance, and the system is in a very stable state, you can try enabled to increase system performance, no need to use faster DRAM (less than 60 NS ).

Power management setup)

This item is the power management settings, used to control the "green" function on the motherboard. This function regularly disables video display and hard drive for better effect.

Specifically, there are four power-saving modes:

1. When the set time is reached in doze mode, the CPU clock slows down and other devices operate as usual;

2. in standby mode, when the set time is reached, the hard disk and display will stop working, and other devices will operate as usual;

3. In suspend mode, when the set time reaches, all devices except the CPU end will stop working;

4. In HDD power down mode, when the set time is reached, the hard disk stops working and other devices operate as usual.

The following menu items are available:

    (1)The power management power-saving mode has four main control items:

Max saving (maximum power saving) after a short cycle of system inactivity (the default values of doze, standby, suspend, and HDD power down modes are 1 minute, enables the system to enter the power-saving mode, which saves the most energy.

In this case, the default values of the three modes (doze, standby, and suspend) are 1 hour, the default value of HDD power-down mode is 15 minutes.

Disable disables the power-saving function, which is the default setting.

User-Defined (User-Defined) allows you to set a power-saving mode based on your needs.

  (2)Video off method (video off) this option can be set to V/h Sync + blank, dpms, blank screen.

V/h Sync + blank will close the output ports of the horizontal and vertical synchronization signals of the display card, and write blank signals to the video buffer zone.

Dpms allows the BIOS to initialize the energy saving information of the display card when the display card has the power saving function. You can use these settings only when the display card supports the Green function. If there is no Green function, set this line to blank screen (turn off the screen ).

Blank screen (turn off the screen) when you manage to turn off the screen, by default, you can save more energy by turning off the vertical and horizontal scans of the screen. For a display without the Green function, the screen can be turned off by default, but the CRT Scan cannot be terminated.

  (3)The following items in the PM timers (Power Management Record) indicate the control of power management timeout settings. The doze, stand by, and SUS pend mode items are set to the idle time of the machine before the mode is activated. In Max saving mode, the machine is activated one minute later each time. In Min sa ving mode, it is activated one hour later.

  (4)Power down and resume events (events that enter power-saving mode and wake up from power-saving status ). The events listed below can be in non-active mode, such as setting the hard disk in the lowest power consumption mode, working, waiting, and suspension system, for example, when you press any key or IRQ to wake up, move the mouse, or call the modem, the system will automatically recover from power-saving mode.

  (5)Soft-off by PWR-bttn: the design of the ATX chassis is not the same as that of the traditional chassis. The system can be shut down after you press the switch for more than 4 seconds; selecting the INS Tant-off method will make the ATX machine equivalent to the traditional machine, and if it is set to De Lay 4 sec, if you press and hold the switch for less than 4 seconds, the system will enter the suspend mode.

PNP/PCI configuration setup (plug-and-play and PCI status setting)

This menu item is used to set the attributes of the plug-and-play device and the PCI device.

  (1)Pnp OS installed: if the software system supports plug-play, such as Win 95, you can set it to yes.

  (2)Resources controlled by: Award bios supports the "plug-and-play" function, which can detect all devices that support "plug-and-play, this function is designed for operating systems like Win95 and can be set to auto or manual ).

  (3)Resources configuration data: The default value is disabled. If enabled is selected, extend syst em configuration data (eXtended System Setting data) is reset every time the system is started.

  (4)Irq3/4/5/7/9/10/11/12/14/15, assingned to: by default, all resources except irq3/4 are designed to be occupied by PCI devices, if some ISA cards occupy some resources, you can set them manually.

Intergrated peripherals setup (external device settings)

This menu item is used to set the attributes of external devices on the integrated motherboard.

  (1)Ide hdd Block Mode: If enable is selected, data can be transmitted in Fast Block Mode.

  (2)The setting of IDE Pio mode depends on the speed of the system hard disk. There are five options: auto, 16.6, and 4. The transmission speed of the mode4 hard disk is MB/second, other modes are less than this rate. Do not select a mode that exceeds the hard disk speed, which will cause data loss.

  (3)IDE Umda (ultra DMA) mode: Intel sans TX chip provides ultra DMA mode, which can increase the transmission rate to a new level.

Load BIOS defaults (default value for loading BIOS)

The CMOS of the motherboard has a factory-set value. If the CMOS content is corrupted, use this item to restore it. Because the default BIOS setting value may turn off all the parameters used to improve the system performance, it is easy to find the motherboard security value and remove the motherboard error.

This setting only affects the selection of bios and chipset features. Standard CMOS settings are not affected. Move the cursor to the item on the screen and press the y key. Whether to mount the default BIOS value is displayed on the screen. Answer Y to load the item, and then answer n to load the item. After selection, return to the main menu.

Supervisor password and user password setup (administrator and user password settings)

The user passowrd setting function sets the password. To set this password, first enter the current password, confirm the password, and press Y. The screen will automatically return to the main screen. The input user passowrd can use the system, but the CMOS content cannot be modified. Enter the supervisor password to enter and modify the cmos bios value. The supervisor password is set to prevent others from modifying the CMOS content without authorization. If you use an IDE hard drive, you can read the hard drive parameters manually and enter them in the standard CMOS settings. You can read up to four IDE Hard Drive parameters.

The preceding section describes the meanings and settings of common options for Award BIOS setup. After changing the settings, select Save and exit setup to save the modified content so that the modified content takes effect.

Compiled: Award BIOS is a commonly used bios. Major motherboard manufacturers have modified and added it. Therefore, this article is just a reference, it is best for readers to carefully read the random motherboard specification.

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