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RedHat Linux is the most popular cold operating system in the world. Because it has the best graphic interface, it is very convenient to install, configure, and use, and runs stably, so it is highly appreciated by new users and old players. Now, RedHat Linux has a new version of 9.0, and has made great progress on the basis of the original version. It improves the graphic interface, enhances hardware compatibility, and is more handy for installation, especially enhances multimedia capabilities-the new version of xfree 4.0.1 allows you to play multimedia files in Linux. It also uses the OpenSSL 128-bit encryption technology to make your network communication more secure. The latest kernel provides support for USB interface mouse and keyboard; provides graphical desktop and Graphical Kernel adjustment and firewall configuration tools that are easier to configure and manage. In short, RedHat Linux 9.0 is your best choice whether you are a novice or an old Linux player, whether you are an individual or an enterprise server.
Red Hat Linux 9 optical disc Installation Process Diagram
1. Purchase or download the redhat9 installation disc (3 disks) or image file. [B]: click the following link to download from the local device [/B]
2. leave at least two partitions in the hard disk for the installation system. 4 GB or more partitions are recommended for the mount point. The swap partition does not need to be too large and is suitable for around MB, regardless of the file system format, the installation process is reformatted.
3. record the following device models on your computer: Mouse, keyboard, video card, Nic, and display. And the IP address, subnet mask, default gateway, and DNS name server address used in network settings.
2. Install Red Hat Linux 9
Set the optical drive as the first boot disk, place it in the first installation disc, and then restart the computer. If your optical drive supports auto-boot, if no accident occurs, it will appear as follows:
After you press the Enter key directly, it will appear as 1. If you do not handle it for 30 seconds, it will automatically enter.
In Figure 1, the system prompts whether to test the integrity of the content of the CD installation. Select "OK" to start testing and installing the CD; select "Skip" to test and install the CD. See figure 6, if you want to test and install CD for the first installation, select "OK" and press enter, as shown in Figure 2
Select "test" to test the installation of the CD, and select an installation file other than the "eject cd" to test the CD. Here I select "test" and press enter, as shown in figure 3.
Testing the first installation CD, as shown in Figure 4 after testing
The last line of English "it is OK to install from this media" indicates that this installation CD is OK. Press "enter" and press enter, as shown in Figure 5.
Select "continue" and press enter to start installation. If you want to test the remaining two installation CDs, put the next installation CD into the optical drive, select "test", and press enter to start the test, after the test is completed, the figure 4 is displayed again, indicating that the test is passed, and then press the Enter key. Then, figure 5 is displayed again. Repeat the steps until all the CD installation tests are completed. After testing all the CD installations, use the "right arrow" to select "continue" and place the first installation CD to the optical drive. Then press enter to install the CD. Program Start to detect computer peripheral hardware devices, and then appear as 6
When the help text and Introduction appear, press "Hide help" to close the help text, press "Release Notes" to display the release notes, and press "Next" to perform the next step, as shown in figure 7
Now the mouse is available. In this step, select the language used for the Installation Wizard (not the language used for system installation), select "simplified Chinese (Simplified Chinese)", and click "Next", as shown in figure 8.
Select the keyboard type. Generally, the keyboard is the American keyboard "U. S English". After the selection, click "Next", as shown in figure 9.
Select based on your mouse type and click "Next", as shown in figure 10.
Select the installation type. Here, select "Personal desktop" and click "Next", as shown in Figure 11.
Disk Partition settings are a key step. If you do not have a hard disk, useful data will be lost. Please be careful. If "auto-partitioning" is selected, click "Next", as shown in figure 12
Automatic partitioning includes three options: delete all Linux partitions in the system, delete all partitions in the system, and save all partitions to use the existing free space. It seems that this option is not suitable for my needs. My hard disk has four partitions, and the first partition has windows 98 installed. I want to keep it in dual-system mode. Then, click "previous" to return to the screen shown in Figure 11, and then select "manual partitioning with disk druid" again. Click "Next" to display as 13
All partitions of the hard disk are listed in the table. I plan to use the D and E disks of the original system. Use/dev/hda5 (4.8g) as the mount point to install the system, and use/dev/hda6 (252 m) as the swap partition. Click "/dev/hda5" to select it (as shown in the middle), and then click "edit". The dialog box shown in figure 14 is displayed.
Mount and click the root partition "/". The current file system type is fat, which is not supported by Linux, select "format partition as" and select "ext3" or "ext2" in the box, as shown in Figure 15.
Click "OK". The created mount point is displayed in the partition table. You must create a swap partition before you can install it. In the partition table shown in Figure 13, click "/dev/hda6" to select it, and then click "edit, the dialog box shown in 16 is displayed.
Because/dev/hda6 is used for swap partitions, you do not need to select the mount point column. Select "format the partition into swap" and click "OK. Shown as 17
As shown in the figure, the partition types of/dev/hda5 and/dev/hda6 have been changed. Click "Next" to bring up the dialog box shown in 18.
The system prompts you to format two partitions. Click "format", and 19 is displayed, as shown in Figure 19.
Boot Loader configuration. By default, the system boot information is written to the Master Boot Sector of the hard disk. You can click the "change boot loader" button in the upper right corner to set the boot loader. The Start Menu is listed in DOS and Red Hat Linux. Select dos and click Edit to change DOS to Windows 98. Also, change Red Hat Linux to Red Hat Linux 9; as shown in Figure 20 after modification
Select the default boot system (tick the system in the front of it), as shown in Red Hat Linux 9. Then click "Next", as shown in Figure 21.
Set the network. If you do not know, you can configure the network after entering the system. Click "Next", as shown in Figure 22.
Select "intermediate" for the general purpose of firewall configuration. Click "Next", as shown in Figure 23.
To select the system default language, you must select "Chinese (p.r. of China)" in simplified Chinese. Otherwise, you may not be able to display Simplified Chinese after entering the system. You must also install the language support package. Select at least one Chinese (P. r. of China) "simplified Chinese, you can select multiple languages at the same time (if necessary ). Click "Next", as shown in Figure 24.
Select "Asia/Shanghai" for the time zone and click "Next", as shown in Figure 25.
Set the root password, that is, the root administrator password. The root account has the highest root privilege in the system. Generally, this account is not required to log on to the system. After setting the root password, click "Next", as shown in Figure 26.
Install and select the default Software Package for Personal desktop. It is sufficient to use the default Software Package for general purposes. You can also run the "RedHat-config-package" tool to add or delete software after installation. Click "Next", as shown in Figure 27.
The Installation Wizard ends at this point. If you have any objection to the above steps, you can directly click "previous" to return and reset the settings. Otherwise, click "Next" and no "previous" to select the program. To start the installation, click "Next", as shown in Figure 28.
A slow and long installation process has started. You can take a rest for about 30 minutes. When the total Progress reaches about 75%, it appears as 29
The content to be installed on the first disc has been completed, prompting you to insert the second disc. After inserting the second disc, click "OK" to continue the installation. When the total Progress reaches about 96%, change the third disc as prompted, as shown in Figure 30.
We recommend that you create a boot disk and add the blank floppy disk with write protection removed to the disk. Click "Next", as shown in Figure 31.
Creating boot disk, as shown in 32
Check whether the video card model detected by the installer is the same as your real video card model. If not, select the correct one and click "Next", as shown in Figure 33.
Check whether the models of the monitor detected by the installer are the same as those of your real monitor. If they are different, select the appropriate models and click "Next", as shown in Figure 34.
Select the color depth and screen resolution, and click "Next", as shown in Figure 35.
After the installation is complete, remove the disc and floppy disk and click "exit". The system restarts. After the disk is restarted, the "Start" menu appears for the first time, as shown in Figure 36.
Automatically enters in 10 seconds, as shown in Figure 37
At the first startup, enter the command prompt, asking for the user name. Now the system only has one account, that is, the administrator account. The default Administrator Account name is root. Enter "root" and press enter, as shown in Figure 38.
Prompt to enter the password, enter the system administrator password set during installation, and press enter, as shown in 39
I have logged on to the system as an administrator, but I don't want to display it in the form of command prompts. I want to enter the graphic interface. the command used to enter the graphic interface is "startx". Enter "startx" and press enter to enter the command, as shown in Figure 40.
What should I do? Jump out again! The original x configuration problems, need to run the "redhat-config-xfree86" reconfiguration, run the "redhat-config-xfree86" after appearing as 41
Click "Configure" to reset the model and parameters of the monitor and video card. If you are not sure, click the system default settings. Click "OK" and enter the graphic interface if the configuration is correct, as shown in Figure 42
In the login window again, enter "root" and press enter, as shown in Figure 43
Enter the password and press enter, as shown in Figure 44.
You have already logged on to the desktop as root, but you seem to have missed the step of setting up a common account. Click the Red Hat Main Menu-logout, and select "restart" in the pop-up dialog box ", after restarting, the Start menu appears again, as shown in Figure 45.
Something that should have appeared earlier appears now. Click "Forward" to configure the system, as shown in Figure 46
Create a common account for login to the system at ordinary times, and use ABC as the account name. after entering the password, click "forward", as shown in Figure 47
After setting the time and date correctly, click "forward", as shown in 48
Registration prompt. There are two options: "Yes, I want to register my system on the Red Hat Network", and "no, I don't want to delete my system ". In the future, select the second item: "No, I don't want to delete my system". Click "forward", as shown in Figure 49.
If you want to install other CDs, install them. Click "forward", as shown in Figure 50.
All settings are complete. Click forward, as shown in Figure 51.
The installation is complete and now enters the system as an ABC user. The graphic interface will be used to access the system later. Share it with you!
3. How to uninstall the redhat9 system:
Enter "fdisk/MBR" in the DOS prompt "A: \> _" and press Enter. Rewrite the Main Boot Sector of the hard disk. After the hard disk is restarted, the Start Menu of redhat9 is unavailable, format the partition where redhat9 is located!
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