[Kai-Fu Li] Seven talents most needed in the 21st Century (7)

Source: Internet
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Thomas Friedman, who once won the "bridgeze Award" three times, recently published a book titled The World Is Flat: A Brief History of the 21st century. In this book, China occupies a considerable amount of weight, and several pages also mention the legends of Microsoft and I at the Asia Research Institute. The book became the first in the rankings in just a few weeks. In his book, he spoke highly of Chinese talents and perseverance. He also believes: "After the scientific and technological revolution and world-wide cooperation, the historical trend has wiped out the gap between different parts of the world. If you do not try to catch up with the trend of the times, you will eventually be abandoned by history."

When I decided to return to China, I had an in-depth conversation with Thomas Friedman. I put forward: I very much appreciate his views on "a flat world". In fact, "a flat world" requires the same talents, whether you are in the United States, China, or India. I agree that he proposed that the young people in the United States must make progress in order not to be abandoned by the times. However, the questions I mentioned in his book seem to have made the Education in China and India too perfect. I believe that education and youth in China also need the same incentives and progress to become the top talents in the 21st century. At the same time, he also agreed that he may emphasize and deepen the seriousness of the problem in order to awaken American youth and educators.

Therefore, the seventh letter I wrote to Chinese students is centered on "What kind of talents are most needed in the 21st Century. We are in a "flat world"-in the 21st century, the best talents needed in any part of the world should be internationalized and modernized; in the 21st century, successful multinational enterprises also need talent groups from all over the world. Although their cultural backgrounds are different, they have the same outstanding personal qualities and meet the requirements of the times. Therefore, this letter is not only for Chinese youth, but also for young people in the world. It is for anyone who wants to succeed in the 21st century.



The standards of talent have never been static. In the Warring States Period in the East and the age of server guard in the west, the most important thing is the warriors who fought hard against Wanfu and the eloquent adviser. In the imperial examination period in China, relying on "rote memorization" and "Eight sharesArticle"And the scholar of the gold medal title is the easiest way to get ahead. In the days when the western industrial revolution was surging, inventors who are good at changing the world with the power of machines and those who are proficient in professional and hard-working engineers have become the best of all talents, even in the past 20 centuries, most enterprises require talents at the individual level, such as focus, diligence, honesty, and obedience ......

However, the 21 st century has quietly come to our side. Today, this opportunity is fleeting. In a world with an ever-changing environment, more people have the right to choose and make decisions. More people need to constantly learn and innovate and improve themselves, more people have enough space to display their talents and ambitions ...... The work of most people is no longer repetitive mechanical work, nor a standalone invention or creation. People need more independent thinking and decision-making, and they also need to communicate and cooperate more closely with others.

In the 21st century, modern enterprises need not only excellent individuals, but also "narrow" talents with certain characteristics, but also fully adapt to the needs of competition in the 21st century, in terms of personal qualities, knowledge and experience, cooperation and exchange, innovation and decision-making, there is sufficient potential and cultivation of "broad sense" talents. If we make a simple comparison between the talent traits required by enterprises in the 20th century and the requirements of enterprises in the 21st century for talent, we can see the following comparison:











20Talents most needed in the century
21Talents most needed in the century
Diligent and studious Integration
Focus on Innovation Integration of innovation and Practice
Talent Comprehensive talent in different fields
Personal Ability Communication and cooperation capabilities
Select a hot job Engaged in a loving job
Discipline and prudence Positive and optimistic


It does not mean that the characteristics of talents such as diligence and sureness emphasized in the 20th century are no longer important. In fact, the requirements for talents in the 21st century will also be based on these most basic individual qualities and behavioral norms. However, the 21 st century has more comprehensive and diversified requirements for talent, the perspective of talent has also shifted from a single individual level to integrating individual, team, organization, society, and even the environment, it provides a three-dimensional view of learning, innovation, cooperation, and practice.

Whether it's for students who are eager to become pillars, or for those colleges that are committed to cultivating excellent and practical talents, whether we can use the three-dimensional perspective of the 21st century to better understand the talent standards in the new century is whether we can better adapt to the international competition environment of the 21st century, it is necessary to give full play to the advantages of talents.

Therefore, I plan to combine my previous experience in scientific research, teaching, and R & D management to discuss the seven talent traits listed in the Table above for the 21st century, we hope to provide some useful help for the majority of young students and those who are dedicated to talent training.

1. converged

As early as thousands of years ago, Chinese students learned how to study hard and study hard. Hard work is good in itself, but many students mistakenly believe that the purpose of hard work is to acquire a specific diploma or superior performance. Some schools and teachers are also spending a lot of energy on How to Train "Test Machines. Some tutors even said to the students, "you should try your best to back up your knowledge points before the test and forget it as soon as possible. Otherwise, you will not be able to cope with the next heavy course ."

This practice of taking exams and diplomas as the only goal of learning is extremely wrong. Today, our society is evolving with each passing day, and the pace of knowledge generation is getting faster and faster. Once I enter a job, it is no longer important to take the exam or remember the answer. Many jobs in the 21st century need to solve more challenging problems in a more complex and variable environment, it is not a hard-to-remember book knowledge to cope. If you only study for diploma and examination and do not master the true and effective learning methods, even if you have obtained a diploma and a good score, you will not be able to keep up with the pace of the 21st century, and will become "obsolete" in future work

So what is the true purpose of learning? In my book "Be the best myself", I propose four levels of learning:

1.Practice makes perfect:Learn from the instructor, master the content in the textbook, and know the answer to the question.

2.Trigger:I have the ability to think, and mastered the learning methods. I can tell you what it is, and what it means.

3.Lack of teachers:I have mastered the self-taught and self-trained methods and can take the initiative to learn without the teacher's guidance.

4.Integration:You can apply the learned knowledge to life and work practices flexibly, and understand the principles of doing things and being human.

Integration is the highest level of learning. What we need most in the 21st century is the ability to integrate learning, to respond freely in practice, and to be good at thinking, reasoning, and application.

For example, a student studying computer science learns every lesson in the classroom and systematically masters mathematics,AlgorithmSystem and programming knowledge, which only lays the necessary knowledge base for students majoring in computer science. To truly become a good computer R & D player, he must also have the ability to learn, think, and innovate independently, and be able to organically combine the knowledge, experience, and methods from different sources, they are used to flexibly and effectively solve specific problems in actual work.

A key point of integration is that you must have a clear and flexible thinking. When recruiting R & D personnel from some software companies, apart from the applicant's basic programming skills, algorithm knowledge, and project experience, some seemingly odd "thinking challenge questions" are often used (for example, "Why is the lid of the sewer circular?" "Please comment on the man-machine interface of the elevator you just used ."). These questions are not, as many people think, "quiz" or "brainstorming" questions. their true purpose is to test the logic and flexibility of candidates when they think independently. If a candidate answers several answers, it proves that he is an active thinker. If a person's answer is not logical, cannot answer the answer, or he insists that there is only one correct answer after the answer, even if he has obtained excellent results during the school examination, we will also doubt whether he is a person who can only back up his books and take exams, rather than be flexible and integrated.

Integration means that you must be good at applying the learned knowledge to practice. To achieve integration, you must first practice more. In the IT field, many successful companies want to join the company's graduates with over 100,000 lines of programming experience (for example, at Google, most candidates who fail to pass the interview are not competent in practice ), however, many Chinese students have told me that they have actually compiled their ownProgramIt cannot exceed one thousand rows. This shows that some schools do not pay much attention to the cultivation of students' practical abilities during teaching. On the other hand, it also shows that many students only know the knowledge of learning "dead" and do not know how to find or create opportunities, in order to apply the learned knowledge to specific practices.

Integration also means that you must learn to solve questions that you have never seen and have no definite answers, and learn to analyze and solve problems in creative ways of thinking. During Google's recruitment process, I found that some good students are very good at answering certain questions with clear descriptions and answers (for example, "How to traverse undirected graphs or Directed Graphs ), but when they encounter problems that require further abstraction and clarity, such as "how to apply common graph algorithms to Interpersonal Relationship Modeling and Analysis ), it is difficult to concentrate your thinking on the right direction, and it is difficult to choose the most appropriate solution based on the specific situation. You know, in actual work, almost every problem is vague and uncertain. It is impossible for your boss and colleagues to help you in advance simplify the problem into an abstract form like in books, everything needs to be done by yourself, and you need to solve problems creatively on the basis of integration.

Compared with simply learning the textbook knowledge, the integration has higher requirements for each student. But as long as you reach the realm of integration, you have one of the essential qualities of 21 century talent, and at the same time have a solid foundation for achieving your ideals and follow-up interests.

2. innovation practitioners

Modern society cannot do without innovation, because innovation is the only competitive advantage that can be sustained for a long time for a society or an enterprise. Fundamentally, value comes from innovation. The value created by innovation and the industrial and technological revolution caused by innovation is far greater than the value created by repetitive work. Because of this, almost all modern enterprises place innovation at the core of enterprise development. The vast majority of developing countries, including China, also regard independent innovation as the fundamental driving force for sustainable development.

However, scientific research and industry often have a tendency to "innovate for innovation. Many R & D achievements are only one-sided pursuit of "technology leader" or "unique concept". Many researchers only strive to publish papers without considering whether the results of innovation can effectively solve practical problems, whether it can be accepted by most users.

For example, in 1996, I led a R & D team at SGI to develop a very cool and awesome 3D browser and won many awards. However, at that time, we only focused on creation, but did not do a good job in market analysis and investigation. Let's take a look at whether such a cool browser can be accepted by common users in the market. As a result, because the product has no market, this innovation cannot create any value for the company, and our product is equal to the white market. We had to sell the Department and disband more than 100 employees in the department. This is one of the most memorable events in my life and the greatest failure I have ever experienced.

From this painful experience, innovation must serve practice, and "Innovation for innovation" is meaningless. When I was interviewed at MIT, someone asked me how to use one sentence to motivate MIT students. At that time, I had just experienced SGI's failure. The first sentence I thought of was: "What is important is not innovation, but useful innovation ", we cannot do one thing because of "new". It depends on whether it has practical value, whether it can solve practical problems, and whether it is accepted by users.

On the contrary, in the practice process, we should not be limited to repetitive work, but should never forget to innovate, promote practice with innovation, and guide practice with innovation. Only by not forgetting innovation can our practical work be full of vigor and passion, and we can continuously develop superior products.

The two founders of Google, sergib burlin and cutting-page, are very good at creating new things in practice. When the two amazing figures at Stanford University combined innovative web sorting algorithms with the emerging online search practices as powerful Google search engines, the two complementary words of innovation and practice have been deeply rooted in Google. Even after intense work, the two founders will not forget to invent some "novelty" to make work more fun. On one occasion, Edison installed his laptop containing his own test program on a remotely controlled toy car and squatted on the ground, it directs its own test cars to all corners of the company-the goal is to test the company's internal wireless network performance.

Innovation guides practices and practices support innovation. Practice and innovation are indispensable. This is like people who only know the mechanical principle and people who only know how to build bricks and tiles cannot build a skyscraper independently. Similarly, in the new century, only those who are good at combining innovation and practice may achieve the greatest success.

3. Cross-Domain Integration

Many students thought that "Major is a profession, and learning a major is a golden rice bowl". They thought that those who read chemistry would become a chemist and those who read history would become a historian. This is incorrect. The 21 st century is a century in which disciplines and industries integrate and promote each other. The 21 st Century's requirements for talent have also changed from traditional professionals to comprehensive talents across fields and specialties. That is to say, modern society and modern enterprises require us not only to have profound accomplishments in a specific profession, but also to understand or even understand the knowledge of relevant majors and related fields, they are also good at combining skills from two, three, or more fields and applying them to specific problems comprehensively.

In fact, cross-domain and cross-specialty are also the internal needs of social development. After the modern society has been fully developed in various professional fields, it is bound to put forward higher requirements for collaboration and integration in different specialties and fields. For example, if there are 1000 kinds of knowledge categories that people have already created in the traditional subject classification system, then these 1000 types of knowledge are combined in two ways, we can have 1000000 potential possibilities, each of which may create a new academic field and lead to a technological or productive revolution, it may inject new impetus into social development. If we consider the synthesis of three types of knowledge, this possibility will grow to 1000000000-what are the great opportunities and challenges!

Specifically, taking computer science as an example, people have already combined computer science and psychology, linguistics, economics, biology, construction and civil engineering, drama, machinery and automation, and other specialized categories, it has created a large number of dynamic emerging disciplines such as user interface design and Computational Linguistics (as shown in the following table ):














  Computer Science
Statistics Data Mining
Probability Theory Machine Learning
Psychology User Interface Design
Linguistics Computational Linguistics
Economics Metered Economics
Biology Genetic Analysis
Construction and civil engineering Computer Aided Design (CAD)
Drama Digital Entertainment
Machinery and automation Robotics
...... ......


EDS's research institute even made a bold prediction: "in the future, CIOs will no longer be Chief Information Officer (Chief Information Officer), but Chief Integration Officer (Chief integration officer )."

Google's success is actually "cross-domain synthesis ". Many may think that Google has mastered advanced technologies in information retrieval (that is, "Search") and has made significant breakthroughs. But in fact, as early as Google was founded more than 20 years ago, there was a world-leading information retrieval company Lexis-Nexis. Lexis-Nexis can be said to be a pioneer and leader in the information search industry. More than 20 years ago, it developed world-leading products in search of large text and databases. However, Lexis-Nexis missed the Internet revolution because of its excessive focus on the information retrieval industry. They did not see a huge opportunity to use massive parallel computing to retrieve the amount of information in Shanghai on the Internet. On the contrary, Google's technology relies on multi-disciplinary and multi-domain knowledge to complement each other and use it comprehensively. For in-depth analysis, the seemingly simple Google network search technology is actually based on information retrieval (how to find the best information matching) and network (how to use the latest network technology to meet user needs), user interface (how to make it easier for users to obtain information in the best user experience), Information Collection (how to collect information resources scattered in all corners of the Network) and hardware (how to provide hardware support for complex computing tasks) and parallel processing (how to quickly handle large-scale computing tasks.

In addition to products, the same applies to academic research. It is very difficult to study more deeply in a mature field or create a new theory. For example, in the field of speech recognition, my doctoral thesis is considered by many to be a milestone in this field because I have implemented the world's first continuous speech recognition technology for non-designated speakers. You may think that there must be profound acoustic or linguistic research, but if you analyze my paper, you will find that I have not actually invented any new theory, we have not made any substantial breakthroughs in acoustics and linguistics. My thesis is characterized by the addition of traditional acoustics and linguistics and the addition of new cross-domain technologies, including the combination of statistics, signal processing, pattern recognition, and other related fields. Such a realistic innovation can be applied more quickly. Today, most of the speech recognition systems around the world are developed based on the technologies laid out in my paper.

Today's Hot products, from iPod to Xbox, are not the result of cross-domain synthesis. These trends will only become more obvious in the future. For example, in the future, medical breakthroughs may be due to the cooperation of bioscientists, genetic scientists, and computer scientists in theoretical research, the scientific and technological achievements obtained with the cooperation of medicine, chemistry, clinical experiments and other fields.

Moreover, this is not just an effective way to develop high technology. Today, people who work in the market also need to know a lot about mathematics, and those who do literature research also need to use the latest computer technology (such as academic search ), the lawyer industry needs to control ultra-large databases and possess computer forensics and other related knowledge (because of computers, there is more evidence than before ).

In short, future work requires cross-domain knowledge and practices, fast entry into and control of the learning capabilities of new fields, and comprehensive cross-domain talents. Of course, this does not mean that we no longer need to learn a certain professional knowledge seriously-But being too arrogant may lose the opportunity to innovate and practice. Combining the latest ideas of different professions and doing things that are both creative and practical may be the most opportunity to grow. In the 21st century, we need comprehensive talents who can have a deep understanding and understanding of a certain professional field, take into account the development of relevant fields, and be good at cooperating with other fields. If you are studying a major you don't like, you don't have to worry too much about it, but you can spend your time looking for "cross-domain" opportunities in your major and your hobbies.

4. Three vendors (IQ + EQ + sq) and high

Many students believe that the criteria for selecting talents for famous enterprises are "performance determines everything". Whether you can enter a first-class company depends only on the school from which you come from and the ranking number. Of course, in general, students from prestigious schools or with good grades may have a higher chance of success in job hunting, but not necessarily. Among the many outstanding employees I have contacted, many of them are ordinary students who have graduated from an unknown School. According to the statistics in the book "next-door Millionaire", the average university score of American millionaire is only 2.9 (3 points equals to Class B and 2 points equals to Class C), which is not very prominent.

In fact, whether a person can succeed depends not only on his academic achievement or IQ, but also on his IQ, EQ, and sq) these three aspects have achieved balanced development. That is to say, the 21 st century talents must be balanced in the following three aspects to meet the needs of modern enterprises for talents:

1.High IQ(IQ, intelligence quotient): high IQ not only represents intelligence, but also represents creativity, good at independent thinking and solving problems. The integration, innovation time, and cross-domain thinking mentioned above represent the high IQ of the 21st century.

2.High EQ(EQ, emotional quotient): EQ is the term used to recognize yourself, control your emotions, motivate yourself, and handle interpersonal relationships, participate in team cooperation, and other related personal abilities. In senior managers, EQ is nine times more important than IQ.

3.Gao lingshang(SQ, spiritual quotient): High-Tech vendors have the correct values. Can they tell right or wrong and identify authenticity. Those who do not have the correct value guidance and cannot distinguish between black and white. the more powerful the other aspects are, the greater the harm to others.

I used to discuss the relationship between schools and talents with a vice president of the Chinese University on the CCTV dialogue program. He believes that the school is responsible for Cultivating Highly intelligent talents. In my opinion, in addition to wisdom, the school must cultivate good people and talented people with team spirit. A good character is "lingshang", and a team spirit is "EQ ". Because the four-year university is not only the four most Plasticity for students, but also the four most misleading years for students. If you only focus on cultivating IQ, the talents out of school may become malformed talents that cannot meet the requirements of modern society. The latest "Rainbow program" at Yale University also proves that using EQ tests to predict students' future performance is twice as good as using the college entrance examination scores (SAT. In the Rainbow program, Yale University Scholars tested students' abilities to solve interpersonal relationships. For example, "How do you meet new friends when you come to a cocktail party ?" Or "how do you persuade your friends to help you with migration ?", It also has the ability to recognize people's Feelings, feelings, and emotions.
Therefore, I suggest that students take full advantage of various opportunities, such as student associations, project cooperation, and summer internships, to cultivate their potential in EQ, body commerce, and spiritual commerce, and prepare for their future.

5. communication partners

Thomas Friedmann said: "The 19th century countries cannot survive without learning to communicate. Enterprises in the 20th century cannot survive without learning to communicate, and young people in the 21st century cannot survive without learning to communicate ." State cooperation is diplomatic, company cooperation is a commercial agreement, and human cooperation may be cross-border, cross-domain, cross-company cooperation. Therefore, to become a person of the 21st century, you must learn to communicate and cooperate with others.
Paul, CEO of Wipro, a famous Indian company, once said: "I may work with an American in the morning to better compete with an Indian company, place orders with a Chinese at noon, and sign a contract with a French in the afternoon, sell the product to the British at night. We can move any job to any country. Today's talents not only need to adapt to cooperation and competition in the international industry chain, but also need to be conscious, motivated, and capable of communication ."

Communication and cooperation capabilities are the basic requirements for talent in the new century. The "EQ" discussed in the previous section actually includes communication and cooperation capabilities. In the 21st century, what we need is "highly emotional communication partners", because almost no project can be made by one person. Because there will be more and more cross-domain projects, everyone must work with people in other fields. Because the company is becoming more and more decentralized, everyone must take the initiative to cooperate with people, rather than waiting for the boss to allocate work. If a person is a genius, but he is unsociable and proud, he cannot communicate with others positively and cooperate with others harmoniously, then his value will be greatly reduced.

I have encountered an extreme example before. At that time, there was a very intelligent engineer in the company who contributed a lot to the company. One person could do the work of several or even dozens of people, so the company promoted him again and again in the past, finally, he became the company's only "senior vice president" engineer. However, he does not want to work with others, and is extremely dissatisfied with other places. On one occasion, he sent an email back to another engineer and copied it to managers and presidents at all levels. In that email, he experienced the mistakes made by the other party in his work and made severe accusations. He even used the words "stupid. This kind of email has had a very bad influence in the company. My colleagues are not satisfied with him, no longer trust him, and do not want to cooperate with him. Company managers gradually realized that this kind of smart, but lack the sense of cooperation, the negative effects of the "genius" that often accuses others of in the company are actually much greater than the positive contributions he makes to the company, this kind of talent is definitely not suitable for a modern enterprise in the 21st century.

Highly Efficient communication personnel are good at understanding their own audience, can communicate with the audience in the most efficient way, and can express complex information in a simple way. Today, when information is readily available, it is important not how much information you have, but whether you can express the information in an easy-to-understand manner and resonate with the story. For example, in the computer field, I have many friends who work as "Enterprise Architects. This high-paying job is actually a "talking engineer ". One architect said: "There are a lot of people who will be engineers, but it is difficult to find such an engineer-he can explain a new technology to a customer who does not understand the technology, demonstrate the benefits of this technology to customers. That's why we are so popular in the workplace ."

High-performance collaborators are good at finding their proper positions in the team, and can quickly distinguish their responsibilities and partnerships with other team members, and actively help others at work or share their work experience with others.

In terms of teamwork, some colleges and universities in China do not have high requirements on students. For example, a friend of mine once offered a course at a Chinese university. At the beginning, many students attended the course, but later he found that about 30% of the students automatically quit. He was puzzled and made a questionnaire survey on the students who quit the course after the course was completed. The result shows that most of the students exit the course because many assignments of the course require students to form a team to complete them together, however, the students are not used to or adapted to the learning style of teamwork. Obviously, these students do not understand the importance of teamwork. when they join the work, all the work must be completed by teamwork. If they can accumulate more teamwork experience in the classroom, how much help will it bring to future work!

6. Love workers

In the global competition, everyone needs to develop their own expertise. Only in this way can the teams of talents and talents show unique values that distinguish them from their competitors. The best way to take advantage of your expertise is to find your favorite. Doing the job you love will not only increase your investment and happiness, but also get the best results because of your investment and happiness.

Unfortunately, when selecting a job, most students today choose the most popular job or the most lucrative job, regardless of whether they really like the job. Everyone needs money, and everyone wants more money. It is not a bad thing to hope for money, but the potential of a person who only works for money is very limited, because he will always think about "how to make more money ". Such a person may make wrong decisions due to lack of motivation or motivation.

What I recognize more is that students who are truly conscious and confident will choose to work based on their interests and hobbies-because they can only invest in their work they love, in order to work every day is full of passion and laughter. I think the latter kind of talent is the happiest and happiest person, and they are the easiest to achieve the greatest success in their career. An American friend translated Confucius "if you find a job you love, you never have to work a day in your life ". This sentence shows the true meaning of "engaging in the work you love.

Some time ago, a very good Chinese manager came to apply for a senior position. Although he is strong in technology and management, we refused him. The following is my summary of all the interviewer's comments: "He really wants to leave his current company, but he doesn't have any ideals or passion. He doesn't care about what projects he will do in the future, but keeps asking about issues such as treatment, position, and power. If he only wants to be a professional manager and takes a heavy salary bag home every month, he is definitely not suitable for working in our company ."

Google's founder, sergib burlin and Larry pages, had a conversation at Stanford, the purpose is to explore why Stanford's PhD and postdoc are quite different in terms of human experience.

LARRY: "Our post-doctoral fellows have also graduated from prestigious schools, but why are they always not doing as well as doctors ?"

Sergix: "Yes, and almost all of the famous studies are made and published by doctors. There is very little ground-breaking work done by post-doctoral researchers ."

LARRY: "Did people become stupid after reading a doctor? Let's stop reading it ."

Sergix: "I understand. When we enter Stanford, our doctors can choose their own passionate questions and follow their favorite teachers ."

LARRY: "Yes, the professors have to hire post-doctoral students who have funds but no doctoral students to do it ."

Therefore, this is an example of "a better person than a better person, a better person than a happy person.

You may think that it is not the case that you must be the president or a scientist. I used to know a fish dealer when I was in Seattle. He runs a famous fish store in an open market. He is very passionate with every employee. If you arrive near his shop, you will see them singing and throwing the fish one by one from the car to the stall. If you enter his shop, the guys will kindly send free smoked fish or crab legs to you to let you taste them. Sometimes, they will put a big fish in front of you and ask you, "Do you want to take a photo of it to lie to your wife and say this is the fish you caught ?" One day when I got off work, I saw that the banknotes being counted in this shop were several times the money of other shops. Recently, I went back to Seattle and found that my boss was no longer there. His guy told me: "My boss's passion is under discussion by a bookdealer. Now my boss has published a best-selling book fish: Catch the energy, release the potential. After leaving the book, many Fortune Five hundred companies ask him to be a consultant and teach them how to mobilize the enthusiasm of their employees ." (Maybe you think that "fish vendors" are not suitable for enterprises in the 21st Century-in fact, the service industry will never disappear, and in the face of huge competition, people who are passionate about the service industry are more likely to stand out .)

If a student only thinks about his salary in the future, his success will be limited. If he can find a direction that fits his ideals and interests, and is good at learning and accumulating, his future will be immeasurable. If you want to find your passion, I suggest you first find your ideal, set your life goals and goals at various stages, and carefully plan your future, there is a willingness to be achievable, measurable, and evaluable. Then, find your own interests and stimulate your passion. Love your work and do your favorite work. If you are not interested, keep yourself curious and try more.

7. Positive viewers

Silence is not necessarily about gold, but not always about human experience. In the fleeting 21 Century of opportunity, if you cannot take the initiative to seize the opportunity or even create the opportunity, the opportunity may never come to you again, if you cannot take the initiative to let others know your abilities and talents, you may never miss your favorite job.

21 century is a century in which information is fully shared and personal capabilities are fully released. For thousands of years, people have little chance to have so many choices as they do today, and they have little chance to grasp their own destiny as they do today. In such an era, we need to be aggressive and take the initiative to choose, rather than being cautious and passively accepted.

In the fifth letter to Chinese students, I put forward the three importance of being proactive and the various elements that cultivate the enterprising spirit:

1.Take responsibility for everything and grasp your own destiny: We must realize that not solving is also a solution, and not making a decision is also a decision,

2.Silence is not gold: To grasp the Fleeting opportunity, you must learn to persuade others, sell yourself to others, and present your views.

3.Do not wait for opportunities, but be fully prepared.: Do not wait for the opportunity to come to the door, because it is a negative approach. That is to say, when the opportunity has not yet come, we should do everything with our best efforts. When the opportunity has not yet appeared, we should also take the initiative to create opportunities for ourselves, not always waiting for the opportunity to come to the door.

Active people are always creative. When Google decided to set up Google camp (Google Club) in colleges and universities in China, the staff in charge of the incident came to discuss the issues with me and how to start it. I was impressed by some of the very proactive students I met when I had previously lectured at more than 20 colleges and universities nationwide. I immediately remembered that a student from Beihang sent me an email asking Google to become a club at Beihang. I also remember that an active community in Zhejiang University hosted my speech. They did a great job. I also remembered how to use the "Six Degrees space" to find my four students at the Design Concurrency in South China University. So I told my colleagues that you should look for these colleagues directly, because they are the most proactive and in line with the spirit of Google, and they will certainly come up with a lot of ideas, it will become the backbone of Google camp. A few months later, these students not only put forward good comments for Google camp, but also practiced Google and developed a plan to push Google camp to more than 20 colleges and universities, it may even become an employee of Google. Their initiative made them stand out and offered them good training opportunities.

The biggest concern for being proactive is "What should I do if I fail ". Here, I would like to remind you: "whether half a cup of water is half full or half empty depends on whether you are pouring water into a cup or picking a cup ." I hope everyone will be optimistic that they will continue pouring water into the cup. Because, in your life, everyone will always encounter failures and setbacks, big and small. In the 21st century, environmental factors were constantly changing, which increased the chances and risks of failure. Those who are afraid of failure will fall in the face of failure and will lose the courage to continue trying. Optimistic people always regard failure as the driving force for their own advancement. They are good at learning from failure and good at seeing failure as the best opportunity to improve themselves. Obviously, optimistic people are more likely to adapt to the competitive environment of the 21st century, and are more likely to succeed in the process of constantly improving themselves. Recently, it was suggested that a "AQ" should be added in addition to the above "3q ". AQ stands for adversity quotient, which is the ability to face difficulties. In this 21st century, which is full of opportunities and challenges, we really need high AQ talents.

PlatformWhen Mr. Zhang Zhongmou, Chairman of Jidian, wrote a question for his friends, he wrote "Think Twice ". The meaning is that life is unsatisfactory, and you need to think about the remaining two. That is to say, we must cherish the rare success and maintain a grateful heart and an optimistic mind.

Do not care too much about the failures and setbacks of the "" shopping spree, or be pessimistic or disappointed. Instead, take the courage to learn from the failures and improve yourself from the failures. For me, there are many failure examples in my work experience. As mentioned above, I encountered no users in SGI and failed to disband the R & D team. But because of the painful failure, I realized the importance of combining innovation with practice. Since then, I have always reminded myself and my team, both at the Microsoft Asia Research Institute and when leading the Google China R & D team, we must maintain the spirit of innovation in practice, and closely connect with practice in innovation to meet user needs. It should be said that I learned much more from failure than I learned from my successful experience. From these experiences, I concluded that failure should not be regarded as a punishment, but rather a learning opportunity.

One person experienced unemployment, business failure, death of a lover, failure to make a speech, failure to compete for the nomination of a member of Parliament, failure to nominate a member of parliament again, failure to change to a local government, failure to campaign for a senator, A series of setbacks, can you guess who he is? In fact, the person who experienced failures in his life is the most outstanding political character in the history of the United States. In 1860, he was elected President of the United States-Abraham Lincoln. I think the ultimate achievement of President Lincoln is inseparable from his optimistic attitude towards failure and gaining strength from failure.


21 Century: the century of young people.

21 century, flat century.

The 21st century is a century of hope.

The 21st century is a challenging century.

In the 21st century, a new generation of international talents expanded.

In this wonderful 21 century, those who are able to integrate, combine innovation and practice, cooperate across domains, possess the comprehensive quality of IQ + EQ + SQ, be good at communication and cooperation, select the job they love, be proactive, optimistic the person above will surely have a smoother and more brilliant road to success.

I will dedicate this letter to all the young people who wish to succeed in the 21 st century. I will also give the following seven sentences to young people in the 21st century:

2. Converged users: those who have heard of it will forget, those who have read it will remember, and those who have done it can really master (hear and you forget; see and you remember; do and you understand ).

2. innovation practitioners: what is important is not innovation, but useful innovation (what matters is not innovation, but useful innovation ).

2. Cross-Domain convergence: what is important is not deep analysis, but cross-domain synthesis (what matters most is not analysis, but synthesis ).

2. High vendors: Your value lies not in what you own, but in what you contribute (your value is not what you possess, but what you contri ).

2. communication partners: people who only think and do not express themselves, the man who can think and does not know how to express what he thinks is at the level of Him who cannot think ).

2. Love workers: If you find a job you love, you will enjoy every day in your life (if you find a job you love, you will never work a day in your life ).

2. Positive viewers: whether half a cup of water is half full or half empty, it mainly depends on whether you have poured water into the cup or the cup (the glass is half full or half empty depending on whether you're pouring in or out ).


Reprinted statement:This article from my Learning Network (Kaifu Student Network) http://www.5xue.com/modules/wordpress? P = 1258

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Dr. Lee Kai-Fu is a mentor for young Chinese students, guiding us to be more successful, confident, and happy ......

Lee Kai Fu Introduction: http://baike.baidu.com/view/14638.htm? Fr = ala0 (Baidu encyclopedia)

"Innovative factory": http://www.innovation-works.com/

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