Discrete Manufacturing products are often composed of multiple parts that are finally assembled after a series of non-continuous processes. When imported into the ERP system, several problems should be paid attention.
ERP development originated from discrete manufacturing
Manufacturing is classified into continuous manufacturing and discrete manufacturing according to the characteristics of its product manufacturing process. Compared with continuous manufacturing, discrete manufacturing products are often assembled by multiple parts after a series of discontinuous processes. Enterprises that process and sell such products can be called discrete manufacturing enterprises. For example, the mechanical and electronic equipment manufacturing industries that produce production materials belong to the mechanical and electrical integrated consumption product manufacturing industries that produce domestic materials.
From the perspective of the development history of ERP, discrete production enterprises provide a growth carrier for ERP development. The earliest MRP was applied in discrete manufacturing, especially in mechanical manufacturing. From early stock material management to MRP (material demand Planning) to MRP-II (manufacturing resource planning, expanded to other management aspects including material requirements, such as finance and human resources) ERP (in theory, it is incorporated into all aspects of enterprise resources, especially the configuration planning of external resources). Most of its applications are concentrated in the field of mechanical and electrical product manufacturing, it has only been applied to other types of manufacturing in recent years.
Discrete Manufacturing Features
The rough business process framework of Discrete Manufacturing Enterprises consists of the following main businesses: Procurement of production materials, material storage, parts processing, assembly, and product sales.
The management of major business processes is completed by the following business management systems: procurement management, warehouse management, production process management, and sales management. Other auxiliary function management systems, such as financial management, quality management, and personnel management, are created to effectively complete the business process of an enterprise. All management execution is done by people. People with reasonable knowledge and clear responsibilities are configured in different departments, forming the organizational structure of the enterprise.
Discrete Manufacturing Enterprises have many materials, so their operation and management are centered on materials and their change processes. Discrete Manufacturing enterprises take materials as their main operation objects. These materials have basic information, and other information is derived from their forms, positions, and value-added changes, the management system processes and analyzes materials to determine what actions are taken on the physical logistics.
The ERP of discrete manufacturing enterprises should take business management as its purpose, logistics as its core, and collect, process, and analyze logistics information in business processes to streamline and standardize business processes. With the management and control of business processes, the company's capital flow is automatically generated.
Focus of Discrete Manufacturing Industry
The ERP of discrete manufacturing enterprises should aim at business management and take logistics as the core. Collect, process, and analyze logistics information in business processes to streamline and standardize business processes. With the management and control of business processes, the company's capital flow is automatically generated.
The enterprise's goal is to generate profits for the production and sales of products, rather than calculating profits. Finance-centered ERP
The idea of reusing the management and control of business processes is simply putting the cart before the horse.
There is a process for solving any problem. When multiple problems occur, they are all prioritized. If you want to solve all the problems in an idealized manner, the entire project is often in disorder and it is difficult to make effective progress. The correct idea should be to solve the bottleneck problem in business management step by step. As the problem is solved, the bottleneck is transferred, new problems are exposed, and then solved, it is unrealistic to make the enterprise's management office a dynamic and continuous improvement process. Therefore, we say that ERP import is an initial process.
When importing Discrete Manufacturing Enterprises into ERP, we should focus on the following issues.
1. Accurate basic data and improved product structure: includes complete material information, material list (BOM), product structure, work center, process route, and other enterprise basic information.
2. material management, including sales business management, inventory management, procurement business management, and material data analysis.
3. production Plan, MRP (material demand plan) necessity: a large amount of material processing can produce procurement plans and production plans efficiently through MRP calculation, but the accuracy of calculation depends on accurate basic information, including accurate material quotas, procurement and processing lead time, process routes, and work center capabilities. The above parameters that affect the accuracy of MRP calculation are difficult to provide in general enterprises due to their own variability. Therefore, MRP should be objectively recognized and its calculation results only have reference value, it must be modified accordingly and cannot be used as a basis for production operations.
4. Production Management: first improve the management of production materials, and then manage production operations on the basis of accurate logistics data. Including workshop operation management.
5. Quality Management: quality management is the whole process of production, operation, and operation of an enterprise. It can be imported to different degrees based on actual conditions.
6. Financial management: capital flows are automatically generated during business operations. Financial management only processes and analyzes fund information. Accurate Financial Information Processing after normal business operations is successful. Financial data cannot be accurate at the beginning of basic business management.
7. Management of other auxiliary functions: such as equipment management, human resource management, and measuring instruments management are relatively easy to implement because they are not closely related to major businesses. You don't have to pay special attention to it from the very beginning. If you have funds and time, you can import them gradually.