The newly bought hard disk is equivalent to a "white paper", and in order to be able to use it better, we have to divide a few small pieces on the "white paper" and then hit the grid. In this way, when users write or paint on "white paper", they are not only orderly, but can make full use of resources. Today, King's Learning Plan for everyone is to "Partition" the hard disk, that is, "hit the grid" operation, that is, commonly referred to as "hard disk partition" and "adjust the partition." This time the protagonist is the famous Fdisk and magician PQ.
First, the basic knowledge of the Division
1. Primary partition, extended partition, logical partition
The primary partition of a hard disk is the hard disk partition that contains the files and data necessary to boot the operating system, and the hard disk must have a primary partition to install the operating system on the hard disk.
An extended partition is a partition other than the primary partition, but it cannot be used directly, and it must be divided into several logical partitions. Logical partitions are the D, E, F, and other disks we normally see in the operating system.
2. Partition format
"Format is equivalent to playing on the white Paper grid," and this partition format is like this "lattice" style, different operating systems play "lattice" way is not the same, the current Windows used in the partition format mainly FAT16, FAT32, NTFS, Almost all of these operating systems support FAT16. However, the FAT16 partition format of the hard disk is actually inefficient, so today the partition format is less used.
FAT32 uses a 32-bit file allocation table to greatly enhance its ability to manage disk, which is currently the most used partition format, and WIN98/ME/2000/XP supports it. In general, when partitioning, King suggested that it is best to set the partition to FAT32 format, so that you can achieve maximum compatibility.
The advantage of NTFS is that security and stability are extremely good. However, other than WINNT/2000/XP, the partition format is not recognized by other operating systems, so partitions in this format are not visible in DOS and Win9x.
3. Zoning principles
Regardless of which partitioning software is used, we should follow the following sequence in setting up partitions on the new hard disk: establishing the primary partition → establishing the extended partition → establishing the logical partition → activating the primary partition → formatting all the partitions (Figure 1).
Second, use FDISK to partition
The simplest partition software is not "Fdisk" in "Windows Boot Floppy".
A king reminder: the Win98 version attached to the boot disk is older and does not recognize a large hard drive with 64GB or more capacity. Users with access to the Internet can also go to Microsoft's website to download the Win98 Boot Disk correction program (http://download.microsoft.com/download/Win98/Update/8266R/W98/TW/ 263044cht8. EXE), the installation of the correction program after the creation of the boot disk, can be larger than 64GB hard disk partitions.
1. Enter DOS and execute FDISK
Through the Win98 boot disk into DOS, enter "Fdisk" in the "a" letter and return. There are some instructions in English and ask the user to make a choice.
The general meaning of this dialog box is to ask you whether "Enable FAT32 support", type "Y" and enter the main interface of Fdisk (Figure 2).
There are four options on the main interface, the text meaning is: ① set up DOS primary partition or Logical DOS Partition, ② set active partition, ③ delete DOS primary partition or Logical DOS partition, ④ display partition information, and if more than one hard disk is installed in the system, the 5th option will appear. Fixed disk drive "(Toggle hard drive).
2. Establish the primary partition
At the "Enter Choice:" section of the Fdisk main interface, type "1" and enter the partition functional interface (Figure 3).
The partitioning functional interface also has three options: ① to establish the primary partition, ② to establish an extended partition, and ③ to establish logical partitions on the extended partition.
At "Enter choice:" Type "1" and then enter, when the program scans the hard drive, and then asks "whether the maximum free space (the entire hard disk) is the primary partition."
Note: Unless you want to use the entire hard disk as a partition, you must not select "Y" At this time, enter "N" and return. The program scans the hard disk again and requires the size of the primary partition when completed (Figure 4).
According to your own partitioning scheme, enter the appropriate number to return (in MB, for example, to create a 2GB partition, enter 2048, the value is multiplied by 1024). Then the screen prompts the primary partition to be set up and displays the ratio of the primary partition capacity to the total capacity of the hard disk, and then press ESC to return to the main interface of Fdisk.
3. Establish an extended partition
In the Fdisk main interface, continue to select the first entry into the partition functional interface, and then select the second item to establish an extended partition. After the program scans the hard drive, it displays the full capacity of the current hard drive that can be built as an extended partition. After direct return, all remaining space is established as an extended partition.
4. To establish logical partitions on an extended partition
After the extended partition is established, follow the program prompts "press ESC to continue" and the program does not actually exit, but immediately scans the extended partition, finally lists the available space for the extended partition, and asks for the size of the logical partition (Figure 5).
King reminded: Through the above steps, the main partition has been divided, and now do "to establish a logical partition on the extended partition" is to establish D, E, F, G, H and other partitions.
According to your partition scheme, enter the capacity of D disk and return, the system automatically assigns the logical letter "D" to the zone. Because the extended partition is not finished, the program also appears as shown in the image above, requiring the user to enter the size of the next logical partition. As long as the user enters the logical partition size in turn, the system assigns the letter to them automatically. When the extension is separated, the system displays the number and capacity of all logical partitions, prompting you to press "ESC" to return.
5. Activate primary partition
When both primary and extended partitions are built on the hard disk, the primary partition must be activated or the hard drive will not boot the system. Return to the FDISK main function interface, select 2 (Set active partition), at which point the screen will display all partitions on the master hard drive for the user to choose from. Only the primary partition "1" and the Extended partition "2" are on the current hard drive, type "1" in the dialog box and return to the Fdisk main interface by pressing ENTER. Now that the partition for the new hard drive is finished, press the "ESC" key two times to exit Fdisk, and then restart the computer.
6. Format the partition
Follow the previous approach using the Win98 boot disk to enter the DOS state again, enter "Format C:" Under a letter and return, prompting the system to delete all data on C disk. Type "Y" after the carriage return confirmation, at this time the program starts to the C disk format, completes, the program prompts whether to assign the volume label to the C disk. Carriage return Confirmation, the program will automatically add the volume label C disk, so that the C-disk format work is completed, the disk can store data. And so on, format D, E and other disks. Now you can install the operating system on your hard drive.
Third, using "Magician" to adjust the partition
As the saying goes, there must be a combination, if not properly divided, want to change the size of the partition (commonly known as "lossless dynamic Zoning"), how to do? For this problem, the most qualified to speak is "Division Magician" (Partition Magic, hereinafter referred to as PQ), the following PQ 8.0 DOS version as an example to explain.
C disk is the most prone to the capacity of the partition, the following to increase the size of the C disk as an example: want to increase the capacity of C disk, naturally reduce the capacity of other partitions. Let's say the D disk has 1GB of space left, E disk has 3GB of remaining space, now want to the two partitions in the 4GB space to C disk, then with the PQ 8.0 DOS version to operate, first of all, E disk to the remaining space to D disk, and then from D to the C disk.
The specific operation is as follows: After entering the main interface of PQ, right click on e-Disk, select the "Resize/move" in the right menu (change/move) (Figure 6).
After entering the Resize/move Partition (change/Move space) window, enter the space in the "Free spaces before" (left-adjusted space) column to make the E disk void, which is less than or equal to the maximum remaining space value of the E disk (Figure 7).
Enter the amount of space needed to vacate the value, click the "OK" button that return to the main interface, there will be found D, e more than a "blank area", this is e disk to D plate "gift".
Right-click on "D Disk" and select "Resize/move". Enter the D-Disk "Resize/move Partition" window, the first "free spaces after" the number from the original xxx (that is, e disk "free space Before" value) modified to "0", so even if the "gift" of e-disk closed down. Then, in the "Free spaces before" column, enter the space value for the D disk. Finally click "OK" key to confirm (Figure 8).
Now C, D there is a relatively large "blank area", which is the final space to free C disk. Right-click on the C disk, select "Resize/move", and then in C-Disk "Resize/move Partition" window in the "Free spaces after" set the number to "0", Save the settings, D, E to C gifts are all accepted. After clicking on the "Apply" button in the lower right corner of the main interface and confirming it, PQ began to make a formal adjustment.
A King tip: Although PQ can be lossless to adjust the partition capacity, format, but for data security, it is best to be able to backup the important data before operation, at least before the operation of the hard disk scan and disk defragmentation work, so as not to cause data loss; When using PQ, do not exit the system abnormally or suddenly shutdown, Otherwise, it can easily cause data loss in the partition, and even cause physical damage to the hard disk in severe cases.
Learning the hard drive of the points and the combination of the basic operation of the hard drive everyone will grasp almost.
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