With the development of the Times, people began to realize that the development of software is not only the emergence of new technologies, but also the management of software use process. The development structure of software enterprise can only get on the right track after forming a set of complete and skillful process. Currently, CMM, as the most popular and practical evaluation standard of software production process in the world, has been recognized by international software industry as the passport for Software enterprises to enter the international market.
Benefit to management
CMM is Capability Maturity Model for Software, meaning "software capability maturity models". The CMM research began in November 1986 to meet the U.S. federal government's ability to assess software suppliers, the Mellon University Software Engineering Research Institute (SEI) launched a study to explore a software engineering model and standard specification that ensures quality of products, shortens development cycles, and improves productivity. 1991, the CMM 1.0 version formally launched, and then modified to upgrade to CMM1.1, CMM2.0 and other versions, and was incorporated into the International Standards Organization, become one of the certification standards.
In addition to the operating procedures for effective software development, the CMM has developed five progressive quality levels (CMM1~CMM5), namely, initial, repeatable, defined, managed, and optimized. Among them, CMM5 is the highest standard of CMM certification, can effectively help enterprises improve and optimize management, greatly improve the development level of software enterprises and product quality. According to SEI Statistics, after the introduction of CMM management, the productivity of the software enterprises increased by an average of 35%, the error ratio was reduced by 39%, and the average cost return was 5:1.
The temptation to outsource
The world's first certified CMM5 is not an American company, but Wipro from India. At the same time, Wipro is the first software and service company in the world to pass the Human Maturity Model (PCMM) Level 5 certification.
Wipro's enthusiasm for CMM is not accidental, but the entire Indian software industry has been attaching great importance to ISO9000 and CMM certification. According to SEI statistics, there are currently about 300 Indian software companies through the CMM certification, which through the highest quality level of CMM5 more than 50, accounting for more than 60% of the world. High-quality management determines the quality of the products, which also established India's outsourcing market in the United States monopoly position.
The term "outsourcing" means that an enterprise is handing over part of the whole job or job to other companies. One important reason for doing this is to save costs. Because the outsourcing of the general selection of labor prices and operating costs of relatively low countries, than in the domestic recruitment of staff costs much less. At present, the software outsourcing market is mainly concentrated in North America, Western Europe and Japan and other countries, the outsourcing market is mainly India and Ireland. 2003, India's software and services exports as high as 12.5 billion U.S. dollars, the world's highest.
In order to enhance their own strength, and actively participate in international competition, the domestic software enterprises to the qualification certification also put on the agenda. Our government has made it clear that it encourages software export-oriented enterprises to pass the CMM certification. Local governments have also formulated corresponding policies, such as the Shanghai municipality on the provision of registration in the city and through the CMM3~5 certification of enterprises can be 400,000, 600,000 and 800,000 yuan for funding respectively.
Obtained the CMM attestation to obtain the "pass" which moves toward the international market. IDG statistics show that the global software outsourcing Market size has reached 100 billion U.S. dollars. China has nearly 9,000 software companies, although 2003 China's total software exports of only 2 billion U.S. dollars, but with the strength of our enterprises, China's outsourcing market will have a better tomorrow.
Five levels of CMM