Subversion quick start tutorial)

Source: Internet
Author: User
Tags tortoisesvn
How to quickly create a Subversion server and use it in projects is a major concern for everyone. Compared with CVS, subversion has more options and is easier, several commands can be used to create a server environment. An animation tutorial is provided here.

This article is the fastest tutorial using subversion. It helps you establish a set of available server environments in the shortest time, and can be applied to actual projects with just a slight adjustment.

This tutorial is divided into the following sections, not only the Quick Start, but also some advanced functions. To make it simple, the tutorial is used in windows, in order to facilitate the use of resources for limited projects, there is no big difference in UNIX environments.

Software Download
Server and client Installation

Create a version Library (repository)
Configure users and permissions

Run an independent server
Initialize Import
Basic client operations
1. Software Download

Download the Subversion server program.
Download the binary installation file from the official website, download the Binary Package, find Windows NT, 2000, XP and 2003, and select "this directory ", so we can see a lot of download content, currently can be planted svn-1.2.3-setup.exe.

Download the subversion of the Windows client tortoisesvn.
Tortoisesvn is a tool that extends Windows Shell and can be seen as a plug-in for Windows resource manager. After installation, Windows can identify the working directory of subversion.
The official website is tortoisesvn. The download method is similar to that of the svn server. On the download page, select official version for Win2k/XP or higher, then select the current highest stable version of the Installation File TortoiseSVN- on the download page of SourceForge.

2. server and client Installation

Install the server and run svn-1.2.3-setup.exe directly. Follow the prompts to install svn-1.2.3-setup.exe. In this way, we have an environment where the server can run.
Install tortoisesvn, also directly run the TortoiseSVN- according to the prompts to install, but after the completion of the last will prompt whether to restart, in fact, restart is just to make SVN work copy in the special style of Windows effective, it has nothing to do with all the actual functions. In order to immediately see the good results, restart the machine.

3. Create a version Library (repository)

To run the Subversion server, you must first create a version Library (repository), which can be seen as a database for storing data on the server. After the Subversion server is installed, you can run it directly, for example:

Svnadmin create E:/svndemo/Repository
A version library is created in the directory e:/svndemo/Repository. We can also use tortoisesvn to perform this step graphically:
Right-click the directory e:/svndemo/Repository and choose tortoisesvn> Create repository here... ", then you can select the version library mode. Here you can use the default mode, and then create a series of directories and files.

4. Configure users and permissions

Go to the E:/svndemo/Repository/conf directory and modify svnserve. conf:

# [General]
# Password-DB = passwd


Password-DB = passwd
Modify the passwd file in the same directory and remove the following three lines of comment:

# [Users]
# Harry = harryssecret
# Sally = sallyssecret

Finally changed:

Harry = harryssecret
Sally = sallyssecret

5. Run the independent server

Run the following command in any directory:

Svnserve-d-r e:/svndemo/Repository
Our server program has started.

6. initialize the Import

Go to the project root directory we want to import. In this example, E:/svndemo/initproject. the directory contains a readme.txt file:

Right-click tortoisesvn and choose import...
Enter "SVN: // localhost/trunk" in the URL of repository"
After that, the directory remains unchanged. If no error is reported, all the data has been imported to the version library we just defined.

7. Basic client operations

Extract the version library to a working copy:

Go to any empty directory, in this example, E:/svndemo/wc1, right-click-> checkout, enter SVN: // localhost/trunk in URL of repository, in this way, we get a copy of work.

Make changes in the work copy and submit:

Open readme.txt, modify it, and right-click commit... to submit the modification to the version library. We can run it.

View the modifications:

Right-click readme.txt-> tortoisesvn-> show log, so that we can see all the submissions to this file. Right-click on version 1 and choose compare with working copy. We can compare the differences between the working copy file and Version 1.

Finally, all the content has been recorded as an animation file for your reference.

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