CentOS 7.0 compile and install LNMP Tutorial (nginx1.6.0+mysql5.6.19+php5.5.14) _linux

Source: Internet
Author: User
Tags bz2 chmod fpm gettext install php openssl php file iptables

Prepare the article:
CentOS 7.0 System installation Configuration Diagram tutorial

First, configure the firewall, open 80 ports, 3306 ports

CentOS 7.0 uses firewall as a firewall by default, and this is iptables firewall instead.

1. Close firewall:

Systemctl Stop Firewalld.service #停止firewall
Systemctl Disable Firewalld.service #禁止firewall开机启动

2. Install iptables Firewall

Yum Install iptables-services #安装
Vi/etc/sysconfig/iptables #编辑防火墙配置文件

# Firewall configuration written by System-config-firewall
# Manual Customization to this file is not recommended.
-A input-m State--state Establi Shed,related-j ACCEPT
-a input-p icmp-j ACCEPT-a
input-i lo-j ACCEPT
-a input-m state--state new-m TC  P-p TCP--dport 22-j ACCEPT
-a input-m state--state new-m tcp-p TCP--dport 80-j ACCEPT
-a input-m state --state new-m tcp-p tcp--dport 3306-j ACCEPT
-a input-j REJECT---reject-with icmp-host-prohibited
-a Forwa Rd-j REJECT--reject-with icmp-host-prohibited

: wq! #保存退出
Systemctl Restart Iptables.service #最后重启防火墙使配置生效
Systemctl Enable Iptables.service #设置防火墙开机启动

Second, close SELinux

#SELINUX =enforcing #注释掉
#SELINUXTYPE =targeted #注释掉
Selinux=disabled #增加
: wq! #保存退出
Setenforce 0 #使配置立即生效

Third, the system agreement

Software source code Package storage location:/USR/LOCAL/SRC
Source Package Compile Installation location:/usr/local/software Name

Four, download the software package

1, download Nginx (currently stable version)
2, download MySQL
3, download PHP
4, download pcre (support nginx pseudo static)
5, download OpenSSL (nginx extension)
6, download zlib (nginx extension)
7, download cmake (MySQL compiler Tool)
8, download libmcrypt (PHP extension)
9, download yasm (PHP extension)
10, t1lib (PHP extension)
11, download the GD library installation package
12, LIBVPX (GD library needs)
13, TIFF (GD library needs)
14, libpng (GD library needs)
15, FreeType (GD library needs)
16, JPEGSRC (GD library needs)
The above packages are uploaded to the/USR/LOCAL/SRC directory using the WinSCP tool
WINSCP Download Address: http://winscp.net/download/winscp554.zip

Installation of compilation tools and library files (installed using the yum command)

Yum install-y apr* autoconf automake bison bzip2 bzip2* cloog-ppl compat* cpp Curl Curl-devel fontconfig Fontconfig-devel FreeType freetype* freetype-devel gcc gcc-c++ gtk+-devel gd gettext gettext-devel glibc kernel kernel-headers keyutils ke Yutils-libs-devel krb5-devel libcom_err-devel libpng libpng-devel libjpeg* libsepol-devel libselinux-devel libstdc++- Devel libtool* libgomp libxml2 libxml2-devel libxpm* libtiff libtiff* make MPFR ncurses* ntp OpenSSL openssl-devel patch p Cre-devel perl php-common php-gd policycoreutils telnet t1lib t1lib* nasm nasm* wget zlib-devel
Installation article
The following is a remote login to the server with the Putty tool, operating below the command line

First, install MySQL

1. Installation CMake
Tar zxvf cmake-
CD cmake-
Make install

2, install MySQL

Groupadd MySQL #添加mysql组
useradd-g MySQL mysql-s/bin/false #创建用户mysql并加入到mysql组, MySQL users are not allowed to log on directly to the system
Mkdir-p/data/mysql #创建MySQL数据库存放目录
Chown-r Mysql:mysql/data/mysql #设置MySQL数据库存放目录权限
Mkdir-p/usr/local/mysql #创建MySQL安装目录
CD/USR/LOCAL/SRC #进入软件包存放目录
Tar zxvf mysql-5.6.19.tar.gz #解压
CD mysql-5.6.19 #进入目录
CMake. -dcmake_install_prefix=/usr/local/mysql-dmysql_datadir=/data/mysql-dsysconfdir=/etc #配置
Make #编译
Make install #安装
Rm-rf/etc/my.cnf #删除系统默认的配置文件 (not deleted if default is not)
Cd/usr/local/mysql #进入MySQL安装目录
./scripts/mysql_install_db--user=mysql--basedir=/usr/local/mysql--datadir=/data/mysql #生成mysql系统数据库
Soft connection of ln-s/usr/local/mysql/my.cnf/etc/my.cnf #添加到/etc Directory
chmod 755/etc/init.d/mysqld #增加执行权限
Chkconfig mysqld on #加入开机启动
Vi/etc/rc.d/init.d/mysqld #编辑
Basedir=/usr/local/mysql #MySQL程序安装路径
Datadir=/data/mysql #MySQl数据库存放目录
: wq! #保存退出
Service mysqld Start #启动
Vi/etc/profile #把mysql服务加入系统环境变量: Add the following line at the end
Export path= $PATH:/usr/local/mysql/bin
: wq! #保存退出
Source/etc/profile #使配置立刻生效
The following two lines link the MYSLQ library file to the default location of the system, so that you can compile software such as PHP without specifying MySQL's library file address.
Mkdir/var/lib/mysql #创建目录
Ln-s/tmp/mysql.sock/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock #添加软链接
Mysql_secure_installation #设置Mysql密码, enter 2 times password according to the prompts Y return

Second, install Nginx

1. Installation Pcre
Tar zxvf pcre-8.35.tar.gz
CD pcre-8.35
Make install
2. Installation OpenSSL
Tar zxvf openssl-1.0.1h.tar.gz
CD openssl-1.0.1h
Make install
Export path= $PATH:/usr/local/openssl/bin
: wq!
3. Installation Zlib
Tar zxvf zlib-1.2.8.tar.gz
CD zlib-1.2.8
Make install
4. Installation Nginx
Groupadd www
Useradd-g www www-s/bin/false
Tar zxvf nginx-1.6.0.tar.gz
CD nginx-1.6.0
./configure--prefix=/usr/local/nginx--without-http_memcached_module--user=www--group=www--with-http_stub_ Status_module--with-http_ssl_module--with-http_gzip_static_module--with-openssl=/usr/local/src/openssl-1.0.1h- -with-zlib=/usr/local/src/zlib-1.2.8--with-pcre=/usr/local/src/pcre-8.35
Note:--with-openssl=/usr/local/src/openssl-1.0.1h--with-zlib=/usr/local/src/zlib-1.2.8--with-pcre=/usr/local/src /pcre-8.35 Point is the source package decompression path, not the installation path, otherwise it will error
Make install
/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx #启动Nginx

Set Nginx Boot

Vi/etc/rc.d/init.d/nginx #编辑启动文件添加下面内容

#!/bin/sh # # Nginx-this script starts and stops the Nginx daemon # chkconfig:-Description:nginx is a HTT P (s) server, HTTP (s) reverse \ # Proxy and IMAP/POP3 Proxy server # processname:nginx # config:/etc/nginx/nginx.conf # C
Onfig:/usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf # Pidfile:/usr/local/nginx/logs/nginx.pid # Source function library. .
/etc/rc.d/init.d/functions # Source Networking configuration. .
/etc/sysconfig/network # Check that networking are up. ["$NETWORKING" = "no"] && exit 0 nginx= "/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx" prog=$ (basename $nginx) nginx_conf_file= "/ Usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf "[-f/etc/sysconfig/nginx] &&. /etc/sysconfig/nginx Lockfile=/var/lock/subsys/nginx Make_dirs () {# Make required directories user= ' $nginx-v 2> &1 | grep "Configure arguments:" | Sed ' s/[^*]*--user=\ ([^]*\). */\1/g '-' If [-Z ' ' grep $user/etc/passwd ']; Then useradd-m-s/bin/nologin $user fi options= ' $nginx-v 2>&1 | grep ' Configure argumentS: ' for opt in $options; do if [' Echo $opt | grep '. *-temp-path ']; Then value= ' echo $opt | Cut-d "=" F 2 ' if [!-D "$value"]; Then # echo "Creating" $value mkdir-p $value && chown-r $user $value fi fi Done} start () {[x $nginx] | | exi T 5 [f $NGINX _conf_file] | |
Exit 6 Make_dirs Echo-n $ "Starting $prog:" Daemon $nginx-C $NGINX _conf_file retval=$? echo [$retval-eq 0] && touch $lockfile return $retval} stop () {echo-n $ "stopping $prog:" Killproc $prog-qu
IT retval=$? 
echo [$retval-eq 0] && rm-f $lockfile return $retval} restart () {#configtest | |. Stop Sleep 1 start
Reload () {#configtest | | return $ ECHO-N $ "reloading $prog:" Killproc $nginx-hup retval=$? echo} force_reload () {restart} configtest () {$nginx-T-c $NGINX _conf_file} rh_status () {Status $prog} rh_status_q (
{rh_status >/dev/null 2>&1} case "$" in start Rh_status_q && exit 0 $; Stop) rh_status_q | |
Exit 0 $;; Restart|configTest) $; Reload) Rh_status_q | |
Exit 7 $;;
Force-reload) force_reload;;
status) Rh_status;; Condrestart|try-restart) rh_status_q | |
Exit 0;; * echo $ "Usage: $ {start|stop|status|restart|condrestart|try-restart|reload|force-reload|configtest}" Exit 2 Esac

: wq! #保存退出
chmod 775/etc/rc.d/init.d/nginx #赋予文件执行权限
Chkconfig Nginx on #设置开机启动
/etc/rc.d/init.d/nginx Restart #重启
When you open the server IP address in the browser, you will see the following interface, which indicates that the Nginx installation was successful.

Third, the installation of PHP

1. Installation Yasm

Tar zxvf yasm-1.2.0.tar.gz
CD yasm-1.2.0
Make install

2. Installation Libmcrypt

Tar zxvf libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz
CD libmcrypt-2.5.8
Make install

3. Installation LIBVPX

Tar xvf libvpx-v1.3.0.tar.bz2
CD libvpx-v1.3.0
Make install

4. Install TIFF

Tar zxvf tiff-4.0.3.tar.gz
CD tiff-4.0.3
Make install

5. Installation libpng

Tar zxvf libpng-1.6.12.tar.gz
CD libpng-1.6.12
Make install

6. Installation FreeType

Tar zxvf freetype-2.5.3.tar.gz
CD freetype-2.5.3
Make #编译
Make install #安装

7. Install JPEG

Tar zxvf jpegsrc.v9a.tar.gz
CD jpeg-9a
Make #编译
Make install #安装

8. Installation LIBGD

Tar zxvf libgd-2.1.0.tar.gz #解压
CD libgd-2.1.0 #进入目录
./configure--PREFIX=/USR/LOCAL/LIBGD--enable-shared--with-jpeg=/usr/local/jpeg--with-png=/usr/local/libpng- With-freetype=/usr/local/freetype--with-fontconfig=/usr/local/freetype--with-xpm=/usr/--with-tiff=/usr/local/ TIFF--with-vpx=/usr/local/libvpx #配置
Make #编译
Make install #安装

9. Installation T1lib

Tar zxvf t1lib-5.1.2.tar.gz
CD t1lib-5.1.2
Make Without_doc
Make install

10. Install PHP

Note: If the system is 64 bits, please perform the following two commands, or install PHP will be wrong (32-bit system does not need to do)
TAR-ZVXF php-5.5.14.tar.gz
CD php-5.5.14
Export Ld_library_path=/usr/local/libgd/lib
./configure--prefix=/usr/local/php--with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php/etc--with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql-- With-mysqli=/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_config--with-mysql-sock=/tmp/mysql.sock--with-pdo-mysql=/usr/local/ MySQL--with-gd--with-png-dir=/usr/local/libpng--with-jpeg-dir=/usr/local/jpeg--with-freetype-dir=/usr/local/ FreeType--with-xpm-dir=/usr/--with-vpx-dir=/usr/local/libvpx/--with-zlib-dir=/usr/local/zlib--with-t1lib=/usr/ Local/t1lib--with-iconv--enable-libxml--enable-xml--enable-bcmath--enable-shmop-- Enable-inline-optimization--enable-opcache--enable-mbregex--enable-fpm--enable-mbstring--enable-ftp-- Enable-gd-native-ttf--with-openssl--enable-pcntl--enable-sockets--with-xmlrpc--enable-zip-- Without-pear--with-gettext--enable-session--with-mcrypt--with-curl--enable-ctype #配置
Make #编译
Make install #安装
CP Php.ini-production/usr/local/php/etc/php.ini #复制php配置文件到安装目录
Rm-rf/etc/php.ini #删除系统自带配置文件
Ln-s/usr/local/php/etc/php.ini/etc/php.ini #添加软链接到/etc Directory
cp/usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf.default/usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf #拷贝模板文件为php-fpm configuration file
Ln-s/usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf/etc/php-fpm.conf #添加软连接到/etc Directory
Vi/usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf #编辑
user = www #设置php-fpm running account is www
Group = www #设置php-fpm run Group is www
PID = Run/php-fpm.pid #取消前面的分号
: wq! #保存退出

Set PHP-FPM boot
CP/USR/LOCAL/SRC/PHP-5.5.14/SAPI/FPM/INIT.D.PHP-FPM/ETC/RC.D/INIT.D/PHP-FPM #拷贝php-fpm to startup directory
chmod +x/etc/rc.d/init.d/php-fpm #添加执行权限
Chkconfig PHP-FPM on #设置开机启动
Vi/usr/local/php/etc/php.ini #编辑配置文件
Find: Disable_functions =
Modified to: Disable_functions = Passthru,exec,system,chroot,scandir,chgrp,chown,shell_exec,proc_open,proc_get_status,ini _alter,ini_alter,ini_restore,dl,openlog,syslog,readlink,symlink,popepassthru,stream_socket_server, Escapeshellcmd,dll,popen,disk_free_space,checkdnsrr,checkdnsrr,getservbyname,getservbyport,disk_total_space, POSIX_CTERMID,POSIX_GET_LAST_ERROR,POSIX_GETCWD, Posix_getegid,posix_geteuid,posix_getgid, Posix_getgrgid,posix_ Getgrnam,posix_getgroups,posix_getlogin,posix_getpgid,posix_getpgrp,posix_getpid, Posix_getppid,posix_getpwnam, Posix_getpwuid, Posix_getrlimit, Posix_getsid,posix_getuid,posix_isatty, Posix_kill,posix_mkfifo,posix_setegid, Posix_seteuid,posix_setgid, Posix_setpgid,posix_setsid,posix_setuid,posix_strerror,posix_times,posix_ttyname, Posix_uname
#列出PHP可以禁用的函数, if some programs need to use this function, you can remove it and disable it.
Find:;d Ate.timezone =
Modified as: Date.timezone = PRC #设置时区
Find: expose_php = On
Modified to: expose_php = off #禁止显示php版本的信息
Find: Short_open_tag = Off
Modified to: Short_open_tag = on #支持php短标签
Find Opcache.enable=0
Modified to Opcache.enable=1 #php支持opcode缓存
Find: Opcache.enable_cli=1 #php支持opcode缓存
Modified to: opcache.enable_cli=0
Add on last line: Zend_extension=opcache.so #开启opcode缓存功能
: wq! #保存退出
Configure Nginx to support PHP
Modifying the/usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf configuration file requires the following modifications
User www www. #首行user去掉注释, modify Nginx run group is www www; must be the same as the User,group configuration in/usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf, otherwise PHP will run wrong
Index index.html index.htm index.php; #添加index. php
# Pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on
Location ~ \.php$ {
root HTML;
Fastcgi_index index.php;
Fastcgi_param script_filename $document _root$fastcgi_script_name;
Include Fastcgi_params;
#取消FastCGI the comments in the Location Server section, note fastcgi_param the parameters of the row, change to $document_root$fastcgi_script_name, or use an absolute path
/etc/init.d/nginx Restart #重启nginx
Service PHP-FPM start #启动php-fpm

Test article

rm-rf/usr/local/nginx/html/* #删除默认测试页
VI index.php #新建index. php file

phpinfo ();
? >

: wq! #保存退出
Chown www.www/usr/local/nginx/html/-R #设置目录所有者
chmod 700/usr/local/nginx/html/-R #设置目录权限
Open the server IP address in the browser and see the following interface

At this point, CentOS 7.0 compiles the installation nginx1.6.0+mysql5.6.19+php5.5.14 tutorial complete.

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