Current major Linux distributions at home and abroad

Source: Internet
Author: User

1.linux is a UNIX-based development, and Mac OS is UNIX-like operating system.

2. Major Linux distributions currently include: Red Hat Series (Mainland China, Americas region, originating in the United States), the SuSE series (popular in Europe, originating in Germany), the Debian series (fully following the GNU specification, typically the Ubuntu series), and the Gentoo series ( Using the full source package release, users need to compile themselves, installation trouble, but very efficient.

A. The most familiar distribution for Linux users in the country and around the world is redhat,1994 years, and Marc Ewing (American, Carnegie Mellon University) released Red Hat Linux 1.0. At present, Redhat is divided into two series: one is red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL), Redhat provides technical support and updates for the fee, suitable for server users;

Another is Fedora (formerly the seventh edition of Fedora Core), which is positioned as a desktop user, and Fedora is the experimental site of Red Hat's new technology, and many new technologies will be tested in Fedora Core, and Red Hat will consider joining Red hat if stable. Enterprise Linux. Fedora is expected to issue releases of up to three times a year. is a beta or pre-release version of Rhel,

Another notable thing is CentOS (Community Enterprise Operating System), a free version of the product of Rhel source code recompilation, which inherits the stability of Red Hat Linux and offers free updates. January 8, 2014 CentOS announced to join Red Hat Company, promised to continue for free. Currently the latest version is RHEL6.5, CentOS6.5, FEDARA20, respectively.

B.suse is the most popular Linux in continental Europe and one of the oldest existing commercial distributions, originating in Germany and acquired by Novell at the end of 2003. The major versions are: SuSE Linux, which can be downloaded for free for individual users, and the SUSE Linux Enterprise Server (SLES) is based on enterprise servers. If you need to use the database Advanced Services and e-mail network apps, you can choose SuSE.

C.debian was first released by Ian Murdock in 1993 and is by far a group of Linux systems that follow the GNU specification. Most of the basic tools in the system come from the GNU project, so "Debian" often refers to Debian gnu/linux. The latest version is Debian7.0 Wheezy, released on May 4, 2013.

Now the most popular Linux desktop system is Ubuntu. Ubuntu (Bantu) is an open source Canonical operating system based on the Debian Gnu/linux, supporting x86, AMD64 (i.e. x64) and PPC architectures, built by the Global Professional Development team (Gnu/linux LTD). Provides a support platform for desktop virtualization. Ubuntu has made a great contribution to the popularization of Gnu/linux, especially the desktop, which has enabled more people to share the fruits and highlights of open source. Uabntu major version of the Gnome-based Ubuntu, based on the KDE Kubuntu, based on the Xfce Xubuntu you choose in Ubuntu, Kubuntu and Xubuntu according to your hobby, the difference between the three is only the desktop program is different. The latest version of Ubuntu is 14.04. (convention commonly known as the habit, generally released in April is a stable version, and October released is the beta version, two times a year released)

D.gentoo is the youngest distribution in the world of Linux, and because of its youth, it is able to absorb the benefits of all distributions before her. Gentoo was originally created by Daniel Robbins (one of FreeBSD's developers) and the first stable version was released in 2002. Because of the developer's familiarity with FreeBSD, Gentoo has a widely acclaimed ports system--portage package management system that is comparable to FreeBSD. Unlike the package management system, which is distributed with binary files such as apt and Yum, Portage is distributed based on source code and must be compiled before it can be run, which is slower for large software, but because all software is compiled on the local machine, after a variety of custom compilation parameters are optimized, To maximize the hardware performance of the machine. Gentoo is the most complex installation in all Linux distributions, but it is the most manageable version after installation and the fastest version in the same hardware environment.

Current major Linux distributions at home and abroad

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