Deployment of Tomcat

Source: Internet
Author: User

1.3 Ways to deploy Tomcat

with the web, you can deploy independently, provide your own containers, and provide your own web.

Proxy with Nginx or Apache, within a host, static content is done by the agent and forwarded to Tomcat for dynamic requests.

Two-tier deployment, one host running Apache, working in reverse proxy mode (Apache's proxy module has mod_proxy and MOD_JK), one host running Tomcat. Apache can respond to any tomcat host that forwards to the backend based on traffic or various other criteria of the client host, can monitor the health of the backend, and can disable or enable features on the remote host via a Web interface output Management page.

Tomcat itself is developed in the Java language, so deploying Tomcat requires you to install the JDK instead of the JRE.

The difference between JDK and JRE: Jre:java running environment. Jdk:javadevelopment development environment (JDK equivalent to a superset of JRE, providing development (compilation) and running environment)

2. Installation of JDK

Software is usually installed in three types: RPM package, Universal binary format (. bin end), source code compilation and installation.

This is installed in a common binary format, with OS REDHAT5.8,JDK version Jdk-6u21-linux-i586-rpm.bin

Installation Steps : "

After download

chmod +x Jdk-6u21-linux-i586-rpm.bin


Steps such as:

650) this.width=650; "src=" Http:// "title=" JDK installation. jpg "alt=" wkiom1cwt2btxhajaaa5ewf22vc914.jpg "/>

The default installation is under/usr/java/, and the jdk1.6.0_21 is created in this directory

650) this.width=650; "src=" Http:// "title=" JDK directory. png "alt=" Wkiom1cwuaps7y9zaaasetj7_ze141.png "/>

jdk1.6.0_21 under each directory:

Bin: Store binaries, Java boot virtual machine, Javac complete compilation

Include: Header file,

LIB: library file

Man: Help documentation

to make it easy to use commands in the bin directory

Vim/etc/profile.d/ Adding content to this file

Export java_home=/usr/java/jdk1.6.0_21

Export path= $PATH: $JAVA _home/bin

Save to read this file after exiting. /etc/profile.d/

You can use the statement java-version to view version information to test whether the JDK is configured properly

Java Configuration supported parameter methods for starting a virtual machine "

-xx:+<option>: Turns on the function specified by this parameter

-xx:-<option>: Off function

-XX:<OPTION>=<VALUE>: Assign a value to option specified

If java-xx:+printflagsfinal shows all the parameters supported by Java and their default values

-d<name>=<value> Setting system Property values

3. Tomcat Installation

This is done using apache-tomcat-7.0.23.tar.gz Installation

Unzip after download

Tar XF apache-tomcat-7.0.23.tar.gz-c/usr/local


LN-SV apache-tomcat-7.0.23 Tomcat

Installation steps such as:

650) this.width=650; "src=" Http:// "title=" Tomcat installation. png "alt=" Wkiom1cwwtkgiextaahihultge0391.png "/>

How do I start tomcat? "

Tomcat's code name is called Catalina.

1, the first output environment variable description Catalina where.

vim/etc/profile.d/ Adding content

Export Catalina_home=/usr/local/tomcat

Export path= $PATH: $CATALINA _home/bin

Executes the command after the add is complete. /etc/profile.d/ version where version is a program in the bin directory under the Tomcat directory and can be passed as a parameter to for execution

Start Tomcat execution Command start

Use the JPS command to see if it is started, and use the netstat command to see if 8080 ports and 8009 ports are enabled

Tomcat can be accessed via http://IP:8080 after booting . This 8080 port is defined when the HTTP connector is defined in the Server.xml file in the Conf directory, using the command: Vim/usr/local/tomcat/conf/server.xml can be viewed, such as:

650) this.width=650; "src=" Http:// "title=" Connector.png "alt=" Wkiol1cwzwhbrdhsaaaeqbgpf1w055.png "/>

You can change this port to suit your needs. Use command after change: Stop && start to restart, does not support restart.

Tomcat's directory structure : Cd/usr/local/tomcat into the tomcat directory

650) this.width=650; "src=" Http:// "title=" Tomcat directory. png "alt=" Wkiol1cwxjhhsyofaabq0ix5pce210.png "/>

the bin directory is a stack of Java Archive Compressed packages, window batch scripts, and shell scripts. The core script in the directory is

The core profile in the conf directory is that the security of this file is important when Server.xml,tomcat is started and the tomcat-users.xml is read into memory to complete user account authentication.   The default application deployment descriptor, Web. Xml.     The default is the configuration file Context.xml provided by the context.      Defines the security policy for Tomcat, such as which resources can be accessed and inaccessible, and which can be loaded which cannot be loaded configuration files are catalina.policy. defines the application's own properties (the amount of memory used, the cache pool, and so on). defines log file properties (log level, log file path, and so on).

For us, we usually need to modify the configuration file only. xml files, other than to define the properties of the application itself, otherwise do not change.

Deploying an application is the process of placing it in a path that is accessible to a certain context of one of the hosts of a tomcat, and the ability to load the public and private classes on which it depends is called deployment. In a nutshell, the classes that a Web application relies on are loaded into the JVM.

How to deploy, where to find which files should be deployed, etc. are done by the deployment Descriptor Web. XML command.

lib directory: library

Logs directory: log

Temp directory: temp file directory

WebApps directory: deployed application directory, in this directory under each application directory under the-inf end of the directory is not allowed through the Web service access, is the application private files, private information.

Work directory: working directory, in this directory each engine has its own separate directory, in this engine directory each host also has a separate directory, in this host directory each application also has its own separate directory ( Applications can view Deploye applications through the catalina.out in the logs directory. The work directory structure and the applications viewed through catalina.out such as:

650) this.width=650; "src=" Http:// "style=" float: none; "title=" Tomcat-work directory structure. png "alt=" Wkiol1cwy--tgak6aaarfds25qm674.png "/>

650) this.width=650; "src=" Http:// "style=" float: none; "title=" Deploy the application. png "alt=" Wkiom1cwyxoqfr9oaab5rp67vim099.png "/>

This article is from the "Gan mu" blog, please be sure to keep this source

Deployment of Tomcat

Contact Us

The content source of this page is from Internet, which doesn't represent Alibaba Cloud's opinion; products and services mentioned on that page don't have any relationship with Alibaba Cloud. If the content of the page makes you feel confusing, please write us an email, we will handle the problem within 5 days after receiving your email.

If you find any instances of plagiarism from the community, please send an email to: and provide relevant evidence. A staff member will contact you within 5 working days.

A Free Trial That Lets You Build Big!

Start building with 50+ products and up to 12 months usage for Elastic Compute Service

  • Sales Support

    1 on 1 presale consultation

  • After-Sales Support

    24/7 Technical Support 6 Free Tickets per Quarter Faster Response

  • Alibaba Cloud offers highly flexible support services tailored to meet your exact needs.