Enterprise Batch Deployment Win7 (i)--wds Batch deployment system

Source: Internet
Author: User

Background introduction

Enterprises to purchase a new batch of computers, the need for each computer installed operating system and common Office software. Although the CD-ROM, u disk can also be installed, but the large number of this installation method is not applicable. To do this, we use WINDOWS2008R2 as an example to introduce the WDS batch deployment Win7 operating system.

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System Installation Process

The operating system can be deployed in bulk, as described in the installation process of the system. The operating system installation from Vista is divided into three parts: PE boot, formal installation and OOBE, so-called PE boot is the language and partition information that we choose before installing the operating system, and then we start to formally install 650) this.width=650; "Src=" Http://s2.51cto.com/wyfs02/M01/8B/0B/wKiom1hCghiBW6WGAAeIifU1XVg759.png "title=" 2.png "style=" Float:none; "alt=" Wkiom1hcghibw6wgaaeiifu1xvg759.png "/>

We see in the sources directory of the WIN7 installation CD that the Boot.wim and Install.wim correspond to the PE boot program and the installer 650) this.width=650; "Src=" http://s1.51cto.com/ Wyfs02/m01/8b/07/wkiol1hcghjaesq_aac6qefibss258.png "title=" 3.png "style=" Float:none; "alt=" wKioL1hCghjAESq_ Aac6qefibss258.png "/>

OOBE is the first time you log on to the system after installation, you set the administrator, computer name, time zone, update, network location, and other personalization information

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About WDS

WDS is a batch deployment role in WINDOWS2008R2 for a batch deployment system for intranet environments. It is necessary to use WDS to meet four prerequisites by packaging the system partition of the template machine and distributing it over the network to the computers in the intranet that need to install the operating system

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NTFS system--the traditional FAT32 system does not support files larger than 4G

The AD domain controller or member--wds must working in a domain environment , this does not mean that a computer that requires a bulk deployment must be a computer in a domain, and WDS can also deploy calculations in a workgroup and, after installation, can decide whether or not to automatically join the domain by setting it

Using the WDS batch deployment step

1. Find a WINDOWS2008R2 server to act as a DC, build the contoso.com domain (steps to promote DC are omitted here)

2. Installing DHCP and WDS services on a DC, the production environment strongly does not recommend that WDS be on the same host as the DC, which is the experimental environment, so it is all installed on a single server

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WDS is divided into two roles: Transport server and Deployment server, a bit similar to the front and back-end architectures, where a deployment server can correspond to multiple transport servers in a large-scale environment. In a large-scale environment, all computers may not be in the same network segment, but WDS is in response to the local area network broadcast packets, and different network segments will be isolated from the broadcast domain, it is necessary to specify the address of the DHCP server on the core switch, so that different network segments in the form of unicast To find the DHCP server. At the same time, you need to add 66, 672 options on the DHCP server to tell the IP address and startup file name of the computer that gets the IP address from DHCP to start the server

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regardless of which path the startup file is on the WDS server, the startup filename is \boot Start

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This can be displayed on computers that are later installed on the network

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3. When the role is added, the WDS server is not configured by default so it does not work

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4. Right-click the configuration server, follow the wizard to configure, select the response in the PXE initial settings, so the client

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5. After the configuration is complete, you can see the boot image and installation image folder of the WDS server, where Boot.wim and Install.win are stored.

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6. Insert the WIN7 installation disc, locate the Boot.wim, and import the boot image. Boot image There is no version of the schema, Win7, WIN8, XP x86 schemas can use the same x86 boot image

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7. Once the import is complete, right-click on the imported installation image and select Create Capture image

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8. Then import the created capture image into the boot image, and you will see two options in the boot image. Here a bit around, by the front we know that the system installation is divided into PE boot and installation two parts, import boot image just import the PE boot into the WDS server, but we have not installed the image, the purpose of the capture image is to capture the image of the template machine to encapsulate the system partition as an installation image . Two images in the boot image folder are actually PE bootstrapper

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Right-click the installation image of the WDS server to create an image group

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9. Prepare a Win7 template machine ( Note: normally the Administrator account is disabled after installation, and you will be asked to customize an administrator account before entering the system. When you need to enable the Administrator account, switch to the account, and then delete the customized administrator account and the corresponding user files, or the customized administrator account will appear on the computer deployed with WDS, install common software in the system partition, Here take office2013 as an example

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10. After running Sysprep shutdown, clear the template machine Sid and OOBE information.

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11. Open the template machine again and set the network as the first boot in boot. Note: Computers in the local area network that require WDS to install the system need to set the hard disk as the first boot because the computer's hard disk does not have an operating system so it will find a network installation, but it will restart during installation, and will be trapped in an infinite loop if the first boot is network mode

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12. Power on F12, use network boot

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You will see two images in the Startup Impact folder, select Capture Effects, and partition the system partitions of the template machine into an installation image

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13. Specify a storage location for the captured image, where the connection is authorized by contacting the DC because the WDS server is a domain member and the template is working in workgroup mode

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14. After waiting for capture to complete, you can see that the system partition of the template machine has been encapsulated as an installation image.

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15. Create a multicast transport

Each client initiates a plea to the WDS server as unicast, consumes network resources, and, in order to mitigate the problem, transmits it in the form of multicasting

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16. Do not join the domain automatically

Many scenarios in which computers are working in workgroup mode, here is an example of setting up the computer after the installation system is complete do not automatically join the domain

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Validation results

1. Newly opened two bare metal, PE boot Select the installation image, in the multicast transmission can see the completed status and other information

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2. Wait for the system to enter the system after installation, to see if the common software is installed, this operation is completed

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This article from "Rabbit-like rabbit sen Broken" blog, please be sure to keep this source http://arkling.blog.51cto.com/2844506/1879181

Enterprise Batch Deployment Win7 (i)--wds Batch deployment system

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