Photography beginners: 38 training projects

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Photography beginners: 38 training projects
Training 1. panoramic deep exercises

Photo body: General scenery, flowers, city buildings, and other scenery with strong impact.
Seeking: All images are real focal points.
Suggestion: First Use wide angle lens: 24mm- 35MM shooting, light ring: F11-16, aperture priority AE mode.

Training 2. single focus exercise

Requirement: focus only on the primary subject, light depth of field.
Suggestion: middle lens: Above 85MM, aperture f5.6 or larger. Aperture Priority AE mode.

Training 3. Fixed exercise

Subject: sports, walking cars, trains, flowing water, waterfalls, etc.
Requirement: record the instantaneous movements or expressions of the subject in intense motion.
Suggestion: high-speed shutter over 1/1000 seconds, shutter speed first AE mode.

Training 4. Dynamic exercises

Subject: sports, dynamic people, flowing water, waterfall, etc.
Requirement: Part of the athletes and dynamic people's bodies is virtualized or the real background is virtual. The flowing water and waterfall are streamlined.
Suggestion: the shutter speed ranges from 1/15 seconds to 11 seconds. Start the exercise in 1/30 seconds, and then start the exercises in 1/15, 1/8, 1/4, 1/2, or 1 second. Use a tripod.

Training 5. Scenario-based exercises

Requirement: highlight the topic, concise picture, and convey the atmosphere of the scene to be taken. * This training is the basis for graph training.
Suggestion: large aperture lens.

Training 6. Close-up exercises

Subject: Flowers, static objects, insects, etc.
Requirement: the proportion of the subject to the image should be as large as possible, highlighting the shape and interesting part of the subject, high definition.
Suggestion: Use the macro lens or macro function and the near-camera circle to minimize the shooting distance. The camera and the subject must be parallel. Use a tripod and shutter wire.

Training 7. Use of various focal lengths (lens focal lengths)

You can use a variety of focal lengths (the focal lengths of the lens) for shooting exercises to understand the characteristics of the focal lengths of the lens and the relationship between the angle and perspective,
Use different depth of field of each focal length.
Standard lens: the lens with a focal length of about 50MM is extremely natural and exaggerated.
Wide-angle lens: lens with a focal length of less than 35MM-emphasizing the sense of distance.
Middle lens: the focal length is 85MM ~ 135MM lens-The closest perspective (near distance) to human eyes, can correctly reflect the shape of the subject,
Mostly used for Portrait Photography.
Lens: A lens with a focal length of more than 200MM-very short distance and compression effect. (Easy to shake, use a tripod whenever possible)

Exercise 8. Horizontal and vertical positions

Subject: scenes, mountains and rivers, buildings, figures, etc.
Requirement: Use a horizontal chart to show the stability and extensiveness, and use a vertical chart to show the depth and height. There is no space available for the screen.
Suggestion: 1. Use horizontal and vertical ing to photograph the same subject and compare the different feelings of the work.
2. the horizontal position chart uses a lens with a standard focus or higher to show a sense of security, and uses a wide angle lens for a wide sense.
3. Use a wide-angle lens to express the depth and height of the vertical position. Pay attention to the configuration of the close-to-face and prospective positions on the screen.
4. Pay special attention to the horizontal and vertical aspects in the diagram. Use a tripod.

Exercise 9. Triangle chart

Subject: triangle or similar triangle scenes, buildings, Character styles, etc.
Requirement: the triangle is configured in different positions on the screen to show stability, flexibility, height, and extensiveness.
Suggestion: 1. There is a triangle shape that is easy to recognize in the screen. The focus of the complex objects composed of Triangles must be solid and have a sense of balance.
2. Use a wide-angle lens of less than 20MM for tall and slender scenes such as tall buildings and roads.
3. Use the depth of field prediction function.

Exercise 10. symmetric Graph

Subject: All scenes, character shapes, and buildings with symmetric diagrams.
Demand: Use the symmetrical Upper and Lower Left and Right charts to show the sense of stability and surrealistic mood.
Suggestion: 1. Select a beautiful symmetric shape. The focal points on both sides of the symmetric shape must be solid, and each symmetric shape must have obvious performance.
2. Try to use a lens above the standard focus. When using a wide-angle lens, ensure that the camera and the subject are parallel.
3. Use a mirror when shooting a symmetric graph between the shore and the water,
4. A tripod must be used when the full depth of field is required to use a small aperture.

Exercise 11. vertical and horizontal chart

Subject: Landscape, architecture, etc.
Requirement: the pure beauty of multiple parallel or vertical lines in the image.
Suggestion: the lines of the screen should be horizontal or vertical, the lines should be beautiful, and the horizontal or vertical lines should be full of the whole screen. Use a tripod

Exercise 12, s form, diagonal line diagram

Photograph: a road, river, mountain, or urban bridge or road composed of S-shaped or diagonal lines.
Demand: Use the S-form to express the depth of depth, use a diagonal line to express the extended broad sense and dynamic. The S-form must reach both ends of the screen. If it is interrupted halfway, there must be space in front.
Suggestion: the configuration of S-shaped and diagonal lines should have a sense of balance, whether the work has a deep and broad feeling, whether the subject is clear, and whether the topic should be prominent.

Exercise 13. Golden Splitting Method

Tip: any photo can be taken.
Requirement: the subject to be presented must be in a split point, online, or nearby area, and the chart must be balanced. The subject must be highlighted.
There cannot be any unnecessary part in the screen.
Suggestion: first, make a diagram based on your own ideas, and then use the golden splitting method.

Unit 3: Use light for training [1].

Exercise 14. Flashlight exposure compensation between two locations

Subject: People, flowers, pets, small-range natural scenery, static things, and other close-range scenes.
Requirement: It is used when the above subject is in the backlight, side backlight, and the surrounding light is stronger than the subject or when the subject is in the dark area of the room.
Suggestion: 1. Use the flashlight to synchronize the speed of the light measurement (average light measurement) to get the aperture value, and then use the flashlight index divided by the aperture value to get the shooting distance, so that you can get the photo with accurate exposure.
For example, if the camera flash synchronization is 1/125 seconds, the F value of the camera's automatic light measurement is 16, and the flash index (GN) is 40, that is, 40/16 (f) = 2.5 m, the shooting distance is 2.5 meters.
2. When we know the flash index (GN) and distance for aperture (F), we use the flashlight index divided by the distance to obtain the aperture (f ). That is, GN/distance = f.

Exercise 15. Use the flashlight to reflect the stereoscopic effect of the work

Subject: characters, flowers, pets, static objects, etc.
Requirements: use an external flashlight and connect the flashlight to exit the camera to create a stereoscopic effect from the top or back of the Oblique light. You can also cast it to the ceiling or use the reflector to make the refraction soft light, specific lighting methods and directions are arranged according to your own intentions. But try to avoid shadow.
Suggestion: try various lighting modes and the stereoscopic feeling produced by the exposure compensation whenever possible.

Exercise 16. Indoor and night lighting photography

Photo body: gathering in indoor lighting and night views of city lighting.
Requirement: use the color temperature to make the unique (reddish red) Atmosphere invisible to the meat eye in the room and under the night lamp.
Suggestion: the light in the picture should be arranged as even as possible. It is best to have no strong light source near the lens and no strong light can be shot into the lens. When shooting static objects, use a tripod. It is best to use iso400 film when capturing. If you want to get a work that is faithful to the primary color, use the 80a filter to correct the color temperature. There must be no exposures.
Reference: color temperature: Sunny Day = 5500 K, cloudy day = 6500 K, morning and evening = 4500 K, general light = 2800 K.

Exercise 17. Sunrise, sunset, Night View

Photo body: mountains, coastline, natural scenery and night views in the sunrise and sunset.
Requirement: to fully reflect the atmosphere of the evening, reproduce the beautiful scenery of the night scene of the evening, there should be no extra objects into the screen, it is best not to dizzy.
Suggestion: Use manual mode. Basically, the aperture is F8 ~ Around 11, the AE aperture is preferred, and the focus is adjusted to an infinite distance during the vision. If you use a tripod to view the most clearly visible objects such as the light source within 10 MB, you can consider multiple exposures.

Exercise 18. White objects

Subject: white objects such as snow scenes, white beaches, and white flowers.
Requirement: clearly reproduce the texture and color of white objects.
Suggestion: make appropriate compensation based on the actual exposure. The compensation amount is generally 0.5 ~ Between 1.5ev, the black and white objects in the screen are adjusted according to their proportions.

Unit 4: Light training [2]

Exercise 19. Use of Backlight (transmission light)

Photo body: the people, scenery, flowers, static things, and captured pictures under the background of the light.
Demand: Make full use of the characteristics of the backlight to create a transparent and three-dimensional sense. Pay attention to the brightness balance between the subject and the background, and do not generate a halo other than the creative intent.
Suggestion: Use exposure compensation and reflector. the Exposure Compensation volume is + 0.5, + 1.0, + 1.5, + 2.0ev, etc. The larger the compensation volume is, the brighter the subject is. If the compensation volume cannot be determined, you can compensate for more than one screenshot in multiple parts to ensure the shooting is successful.

Exercise 20. Application of lateral light

Subject: People, scenery, flowers, plants, pets, and captured photos related to the light.
Requirement: Make full use of the shadow effect, make the image atmosphere conform to your shooting intention, and improve the sensitivity to light through exercises.
Suggestion: Observe the subject in the order of Shun light, side light, oblique side light, semi-Back Light, and reverse light during shooting, and pay attention to the difference between the stereoscopic sense of the object produced by the side light and the reverse light. for example, the strong side light can shape a man's strength and the weak side light can create a gentle woman. use a shadow.

Exercise 21. Use of light and light in the forest

Photo body: the landscape of forests and overcast worlds, such as mountains, rivers, and lakes, with the characteristics of light-dropping.
Requirement: Make full use of the characteristics of vertices and xiguang to create an impressive and touching atmosphere.
Suggestion: Pay attention to the control of the Light ratio and the exposure volume. Make sure that the light and shade are appropriate. Use the spot light measurement method to measure the exposure volume of the bright and dark areas and then use the center value for the final exposure.

Exercise 22. Application of extreme exposure

Subject: All subject materials that require high-profile performance (Shadow) or low-profile performance (contrast.
Demand: photography intent and themes should be clear, the need to adopt a high-profile or low-profile should be considered, and the atmosphere of the subject should be coordinated.
Suggestion: high-profile exposure compensation ranges from 0 ~ + 2.0, low-profile exposure compensation from 0 ~ -2.0: The effects of exposure compensation under various conditions are obtained through segmented exposure.

Exercise 23. Trajectory of light

Subject: vehicles, ships, stars, fireworks, etc. that flow at night.
Demand: smooth surface of the flow of light, the flow of light color, shape, size and the surrounding atmosphere should be coordinated, exposure should be appropriate.
Suggestion: Use the average light and the central part of the key light measurement mode. You can also set the aperture to F4 or f5.6, and the exposure to 30 seconds to 2 minutes (B door is available ). Generally, the fireworks use iso100 film with a aperture of f5.6 ~ Between F11, the maximum exposure time of the stars can be 1 ~ 2 hours. Make the above tripod.

Exercise 24. Lighting objects

Photo body: buildings and plants illuminated by lights at night in the city.
Requirement: the angle of view should reflect the charm of the subject, select the exposure that can fully express the atmosphere, and the proportion of the subject in the picture should be appropriate.
Suggestion: Use a tripod, shutter line, manual mode, B door or t door, use exposure compensation + 0.5-1.5ev. Pay attention to the brightest part and the lowest part of the screen in the image, to avoid brightness disparity, and pay attention to the loose issue during long exposure. Use a wide-angle lens.

Unit 5: color-based Training

Exercise 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30

The subjects marked with red, blue, yellow, green, white, and black are used to show the theme.
Subject: various objects with the above colors, characters and flowers dressed in different colors.
Demand: to show the distinctive features of the above colors, grasp the three elements of the color, brightness, saturation.
Suggestion: Pay attention to the performance of warm and warm colors. If possible, use a filter mirror and use the surround photography method to experience the exposure compensation for the color performance.

Exercise 31. Show the transparency of water

Subject: Any object related to water.
Requirement: Pay attention to the overall performance of the work while showing the transparency of water.
Suggestion: Pay attention to the light reflection on the water surface. Using PL mirrors is the best performance for rotating PL mirrors.

Exercise 32. Color comparison

Subject: various colors are mixed to form comparative fields, parks, and buildings.
Requirement: Use color comparison to enhance the appeal of the work.
Suggestion: do not make too many colors into the screen. The greater the Brightness Difference Between the colors to be compared, the stronger the contrast. The brighter colors and the darker colors to be compared are easy to see, the actual and virtual focal points of the same color can be compared.

Exercise 33. black/white photography

Subject: any object or character.
Requirement: Relationship between themes and backgrounds, understanding the characteristics of black-and-white photography.
Suggestion: it is necessary to understand the specific changes after the color turns into black and white, consider the red color as black and yellow as gray, and understand the relationship with gray scale.

Exercise 34. Single-tone Performance

Photo body: group plants in nature, large-area monochrome flowers, unified color of indoor rooms, etc.
Demand: effective use of uniform colors, balance the composition, and fully grasp the color intensity.
Suggestion: Pay attention to the color saturation, so that the color of the screen is relaxed, use the color temperature filter.

Unit 6: dynamic and emotional Training

Exercise 35. Dynamic Performance

Subject: sports, animals, commemorative activities, flowers and plants, rivers, etc.
Requirement: Fully records and represents the moving objects or people, and shows the force and dynamic beauty of the motion. Make a reasonable picture and grasp the shutter suitable for the shooting scene and the timing of pressing the shutter.
Suggestion: if conditions permit, use the shutter priority mode whenever possible. the shutter speed is set to 1/500-1/1000 seconds for high-speed motion and 1/15-1/4 seconds for flow sensation, 1/15 or 1/30 seconds can be used for video capture.

Exercise 36. Appearance

Photo body: Fire and accident scenes, ritual activities, ceremonies, natural weather conditions, etc.
Demand: Try to express the presence as much as possible, so that people are immersed. Even an ordinary person to be taken, technology and equipment should be used to create a sense of presence.
Suggestion: Try to use an Ultra Wide angle or wide lens as close as possible, and use F11, F16, and f22 for a wide depth of field. Use a tripod to show natural weather conditions such as typhoon, heavy rain, fog, and rapids. shutter speed is 1/8, 1/4, or 1/2 seconds preferred, and the surround shooting method can be used.

Exercise 37. Silent expression

Subject: natural scenery.
Requirement: The photographer should be quiet and stable, select the best shooting time and weather, and select a stable, concise, and easy way to convey the feeling of silence.
Suggestion: the shooting time should be at dawn, evening, evening, rainy day, fog, and snow. The choice of symmetry, triangle, etc. to increase the silence, the diagram should be horizontal and vertical, there cannot be a tilt to emphasize the sense of concentration and stability. Use a tripod.

Exercise 38. Emotional Performance

Body: Facial close-up of people and animals and body (instant capturing of movements ).
Requirement: master the best shutter time to make the camera or animal feel the same. In addition to the face, pay attention to the performance of other limbs and the theme, and pay attention to the details of the composition.
Suggestion: Start with people around you, especially children and pets. pay more attention to their joys and sorrows and find interesting features, then, the camera is used to capture images when they are not noticed by people or animals. Use the automatic mode whenever possible when starting the exercise.

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